Created by Jijith Nadumuri at 29 Aug 2011 10:28 and updated at 29 Aug 2011 10:28


vrm.1.1 "He who betters the happiness of his mother Kausalya is an embodiment of all noble merits, and in profundity he is like an unfathomable ocean, and by fortitude he is unalterable like the kingly Himalayan mountain.
vrm.1.1 b, a "On the departure of Bharata, that effulgent one, for his self effulgence is not marred by the arrival of Bharata with an incitement that truth bound one, for his truthfulness is undeterred even by the supplications to return to capital by Bharata, Kausalya, and even Kaikeyi that self controlled one, for the lure of kingdom has not controlled his senses, such as he is, he that Rama foresaw the repeated arrival of citizens, other subjects, or even Bharata to that place.
vrm.1.14 With great delight coming on her Queen Kausalya reverently made circumambulations to the Horse, and symbolically killed the Horse with three knives.
vrm.1.14 Queen Kausalya desiring the results of ritual disconcertedly resided one night with that Horse that flew away like a bird.
vrm.1.16 Then Dasharatha on entering palace chambers spoke this to queen Kausalya, "Receive this dessert to beget your son.
vrm.1.16 The king then gave half of the dessert to queen Kausalya, and he gave half of the half, i.
vrm.1.18 and Venus are at their highest position, when Jupiter with Moon is ascendant in Cancer, and when day is advancing, then Queen Kausalya gave birth to a son with all the divine attributes like lotus red eyes, lengthy arms, roseate lips, voice like drumbeat, and who took birth to delight the Ikshwaku dynasty, who is adored by all the worlds, and who is the greatly blessed epitome of Vishnu, namely Rama.
vrm.1.18 Kausalya shone forth with such a son whose resplendence is unlimited, as with lady Aditi who once stood out with her son Indra, the best one among Devas.
vrm.1.22 Rama is blessed for a propitious travel firstly by his mother Kausalya and then by his father king Dasharatha, thereupon the royal priest Vashishta rendered Vedic hymns blessing the journey, then Dasharatha well pleased in his heart of hearts kissed his son Rama on forehead and entrusted him to Vishvamitra.
vrm.1.23 "Fortunate is Kausalya to beget you as her son Rama.
vrm.1.68 This one Rama, the enhancer of Kausalya s rejoice, is stopping over at Videha kingdom along with his brother Lakshmana, and Vishvamitra is taking care of both these boys.
vrm.1.73 in the presence of Altar of Fire, then Janaka addressed Rama who is the enhancer of his mother Kausalya s rejoice.
vrm.1.77 b, In palace king Dasharatha is overjoyed when he is surrounded with his own inmates of palace chambers, and when his long cherished ambitions have come true, while his queens, Kausalya, Sumitra, and slender waisted Kaikeyi and other wives are overjoyed in the functions of receiving the four brides.
vrm.1.77 b, a That valiant and best one among men Bharata on asking leave from his father, from Rama, an uncomplicatedly dextrous one in undertaking deeds, and even from his mothers, Kaikeyi, Sumitra, and Kausalya, travelled on along with Shatrughna.
vrm.2.1 That Rama was He not the eternal Vishnu who was born on earth as prayed by Devas to kill the egoistic Ravana? Like Aditi by Indra, best among the Devas, Kausalya shone by her son Rama, the mighty.
vrm.2.3 The well wishers of Rama, after hearing those words, intending to do good to Kausalya, immediately came to her and informed the matter to her.
vrm.2.3 The best among women, Kausalya gave away gold, Cows and different types of diamonds to those who informed her good news.
vrm.2.4 There, in the queen s worshipping place, Rama saw Kausalya silently in meditation, wearing silk clothes and praying to goddess Lakshmi.
vrm.2.4 At that time, Kausalya closed her eyes and was in meditation.
vrm.2.4 Hearing that her son will be anointed for the princely kingdom on the day of Pushyami star, Kausalya with controlled breath, was meditating on lord Vishnu.
vrm.2.4 Hearing the news of anointment ceremony, which was being desired by her for a long time, Kausalya spoke to Rama the following sweet words with tears of joy in her eyes.
vrm.2.7 Manthara asked a house maid with bright pleasing eyes and wearing white silk clothes standing nearby, as follows: "Why is Kausalya giving away money to people so delightfully today in charity, eventhough she is badly lured of money?" "Why are people so happy today? Is the king duly pleased with something, doing any great act? Tell me.
vrm.2.7 But he passes on benefit today to Kausalya only.
vrm.2.8 Kausalya" is very fortunate.
vrm.2.8 "With folded arms, as a maid servant, you have to serve that Kausalya who having reached great prosperity, in the height of joy, will dispose of her adversaries in the person of Bharata and yourself".
vrm.2.8 "Thus, if you become Kausalya s servant maid along with us, your son Bharata will be Rama s attendant.
vrm.2.8 Is he not doing more service to me than to Kausalya?" "If Rama has kingdom then Bharata has it as well.
vrm.2.8 "Previously, you treated Kausalya with disrespect due to arrogance that you were fortunate.
vrm.2.8 Will not such Kausalya, your rival wife, revenge for that animosity?" "O, Kaikeyi! The day Rama becomes lord of this earth with its great oceans, mountains and towns that day you and your Bharata will get a bad and pitiable position of ignominy.
vrm.2.16 "Oh Rama, the good offspring of Kausalya! Your father and the Queen Kaikeyi want to see you.
vrm.2.16 "Oh, Rama, who creates happiness to mother! Have successful journey! Your mother Kausalya will be certainly delighted to see you obtaining the paternal kingdom.
vrm.2.19 When Rama entered, Kausalya s palace was filled with great joy.
vrm.2.20 Rama, since he was born, was showing the same attention to us, as he was showing to his mother Kausalya.
vrm.2.20 Then those women, having been delighted, greeted Rama with good word of success, quickly entered the house and informed Kausalya about the lovely arrival of Rama
vrm.2.20 At that time, Kausalya having spent the whole night with steadfastness, who performing worship to Vishnu,at dawn, for the welfare of her son.
vrm.2.20 Kausalya, who was interested to practise religious vows regularly was appearing auspiciously by wearing a white silk sari and gladly performing sacrificial ceremony in a sacred fire, by reciting vedic hymns.
vrm.2.20 Kausalya, who became lean because of observance of vows, was shining like an angel with her white silk sari and was satiating Gods by presenting to them libations by water.
vrm.2.20 By seeing her son who came after a long time and who gave delight to mother, Kausalya was pleased and approached towards him, like a female Horse approaching her young colt.
vrm.2.20 Kausalya spoke these pleasing words affectionately to her son Rama, who was unassailable by enemies.
vrm.2.20 Kausalya asked Rama to take food but Rama just touched the seat offered by her and after performing salutation to her, spoke thus to his mother.
vrm.2.20 The queen Kausalya fell on the floor all at once like the branch of a tree, cut down by an axe and as an angel dropping down from heaven.
vrm.2.20 Seeing Kausalya who was fit to be free from sorrow, Rama lifted up her, who had fallen unconsciously on the floor like a plantain tree.
vrm.2.20 Kausalya, who was fit for happiness but was afflicted with grief, spoke thus to Rama the best of men who was sitting nearby, while Lakshmana was hearing.
vrm.2.20 I shall accompany you to the forest like a weak cow going behind its calf Then, that Kausalya looked at Rama to whom a great calamity has occurred, saw her son bound by grief and lamented very much in various ways like a Kinnara woman.
vrm.2.21 Lakshmana became dejected and spoke these words, properly befitting for that time, to that Ramas mother Kausalya who was thus weeping.
vrm.2.21 Let Rama and yourself see my valour Hearing these words of Lakshmana the magnanimous, Kausalya entirely given up to anguish and weaping, spoke thus to Rama.
vrm.2.21 The honest Rama spoke these virtuous words to his mother Kausalya, who was thus weeping miserably.
vrm.2.21 Rama spoke thus to his brother affectionately, bowed to his mother and with folded hands, spoke again to Kausalya as follows.
vrm.2.21 The mother Kausalya heard the most virtuous, cool and steady words of Rama and rose, as though regained consciousness once more after death, looked at Rama and spoke thus again.
vrm.2.21 To mother Kausalya also, he is the husband, the resource person and the personified law.
vrm.2.21 "while the righteous king Dasaratha is alive and especially when he is following his own righteous path, how the mother Kausalya can go out with me from here leaving the city like other widowed woman?" "Oh, mother the queen! Permit me to go to forest.
vrm.2.24 Seeing him firm minded in protecting the command of his father, Kausalya in a choked voice spoke these righteous words: Rama who is born in me and Dasaratha, is a righteous person.
vrm.2.24 After Rama spoke thus, Kausalya with auspicious appearance, was very much pleased and spoke to Rama, who performs indefatigable actions, in consent.
vrm.2.24 After hearing the words of Rama, Kausalya who was affectionate to her son, was in great sorrow with her face filled with tears and spoke thus to her beloved son Rama
vrm.2.24 Kausalya who was afflicted with grief over her son, was with eyes full of tears after hearing Ramas utterances and spoke thus to Rama.
vrm.2.25 Kausalya, the magnanimous mother putting away her grief, sipped water from the palm of the hand, became purified and performed rites conducive to the welfare of Rama.
vrm.2.25 Uttering thus, the illustrious Kausalya having large eyes, worshipped troops of divinities with garlands sandal paste and befitting hymns of praise.
vrm.2.25 Kausalya, the excellent woman procured clarified butter white garlands, ceremonial sticks and white mustard seeds.
vrm.2.25 The illustrious Kausalya gave the desired fee to that chief of brahmanas and spoke as follows to Rama: "Which felicity occurred in Devendra the thousand eyed, adored by all Devas when Vritra was destroyed, let that felicity occur to you" "Which blessing was invoked by Vinata to Garuda who was setting off to bring nectar in the past may that blessing happen to you.
vrm.2.25 Saying so, Kausalya, the large eyed proud woman placed some unbroken rice grains on her son s head, smeared varieties of sandal pastes over his body, fastened about his wrist by way of an amulet, a herb called Visalyakarani so called because it helps in painlessly extracting an arrow stuck into one s body which is efficacious and auspicious and muttered sacred hymns in order to enhance its virtue.
vrm.2.25 The illusrious Kausalya embraced Rama, smelling his head by bending it and spoke these words Rama", my son! Go with ease with accomplishment of purpose, as you are.
vrm.2.25 Having so said and having completed the rite of invoking blessings befittingly, Kausalya whose eyes were overflowing with tears, further went clockwise around Rama and having pressed close to him, embraced again and again.
vrm.2.25 Having been done circumbulation as a mark of protection thus by the pious woman Kausalya, that highly illustrious Rama pressing his mother s feet again and again shining by his own splendour, went to Sita s house.
vrm.2.26 The prince Rama, having been invoked blessings by his mother, after having salutation to Kausalya and remaining firmly in his virtuous path, set out journey to the forest.
vrm.2.26 Keeping in front of righteousness alone, you have to respect the aged Kausalya, my mother who is getting emaciated by grief.
vrm.2.31 "Oh Lakshmana! If you proceed to the forest along with me now, who will support Kausalya or the illustrious Sumitra?" "That emperor of great splendour, who used to shower blessings on the people as a cloud sends down rain on the earth, stands circumscribed by cord of love.
vrm.2.31 Bharata" on acquiring the kingdom will be devoted to Kaikeyi and will not think of sorrowful Kausalya or Sumitra.
vrm.2.31 "Oh, Lakshmana! You stay here and support the venerable Kausalya through your own self or by obtaining favour through the king.
vrm.2.31 "Oh, Rama the valiant! Bharata being inspired by your splendour of morality will respect Kausalya and Sumitra.
vrm.2.31 Kausalya" obtained by grant thousand villages which are dependent on her.
vrm.2.31 Hence, that venerable Kausalya can maintain even thousand people like me.
vrm.2.31 "The illustrious Kausalya is competent not only to maintain herself but also my mother and people like me in addition.
vrm.2.32 "Oh, Lakshmana! Which Brahman is studying Taittiriya a school of Yajurveda, a preceptor, a man of conformity a knower of Vedas, serving Kausalya with his devotion and blessing, to him see that he is duly gifted conveyance, servant maids and silken clothing till he gets satisfied.
vrm.2.32 Give a thousand Cows for use in their nourishment, Oh Lakshmana!" "Oh, Lakshmana! Many celebates wearing fillets stand near Kausalya, cause them to be given a thousand Cows each.
vrm.2.32 "Honour all those brahmanas in every way, so that my mother Kausalya will feel happy to see my gifts.
vrm.2.34 Encircling Kausalya, three hundred fifty women, steadfast in their vowof devotion to their husband, with their eyes reddened, went there slowly.
vrm.2.38 "Oh, virtuous king! This glorious Kausalya, my mother is aged.
vrm.2.39 Embracing in her arms that princess of Mithila, who never behaved in self pity, and smelling her headas a token of affection, her mother in law Kausalya spoke as follows: "Dishonest women, eventhough adored all the time by their husbands, cease to esteem their husband who has come to pass into evil days, throughout this world.
vrm.2.39 Hearing Seetha s words, which touched her heart, Kausalya of pure mind suddenly started shedding tears born of agony and delight.
vrm.2.40 After taking leave of Dasaratha, Rama who knew what is right and stood confounded by sorrow, bowed along with Seetha to Kausalya.
vrm.2.40 Immediately following his brother, Lakshmana too bowed to Kausalya, then clasped the feet of his mother Sumitra.
vrm.2.40 Having down towards sides and back of the chariot with their faces turned towards Rama and with their faces filled with tears, all those people said with loud voices to Sumantra thus: "Hold in the reins of the Horses and go slowly and slowly, Oh charioteer! We would behold the face of Rama, which would be henceforth difficult to behold for us" "The heart of Rama s mother Kausalya is surely and undoubtedly made of iron, since it does not get broken when Rama resembling an offspring of Gods is going to the forest"
vrm.2.40 Rama s mother Kausalya ran towards her son, as a cow fond of her calf and whose calf is tied in a stall, runs home for her calf.
vrm.2.40 Rama again and again saw that Kausalya, his mother who was crying thus, running after that chariot as though dancing, shouting "Oh, Rama, Rama!" "Oh, Seetha!" and "Oh, Lakshmana!" trickling tears descending from her eyes for the sake of Rama Lakshmana and Seetha.
vrm.2.42 When Dasaratha fell down, Kausalya his wife took her place on his right side to lift him up and Kaikeyi of charming limbs took her place on his left side.
vrm.2.42 If Bharata feels cheerful for having got this kingdom which is imperishable, let the obsequial rites performed to me after my death do not reach me" Meanwhile Kausalya the queen overwhelmed with grief, lifted up the king who was covered with dust and returned to her house.
vrm.2.42 Take me quickly to the apartment of Kausalya the mother of Rama.
vrm.2.42 Thereupon, the night having fallen, the night resembling the hour of death to him, Dasaratha spoke these words to Kausalya when the midnight struck
vrm.2.42 Oh, Kausalya! My sight has extinguished along with Rama and not returned.
vrm.2.42 Perceiving that monarch on the coach absorbed in the thought of Rama alone, Kausalya appeared very sad and sitting beside him, began to sigh and lament with a distressed look.
vrm.2.43 Thereafter, Kausalya afflicted with grief of her son and seeing the king lying down depressed with sorrow, spoke to the monarch as follows: "Having planted her poison on Rama the tiger among men, indeed Kaikeyi of crooked ways will surely wander about freely like a female serpent that has cast off its slough Having fulfilled her desire of expelling Rama to the forest, Kaikeyi the charming woman will frighten by clamping down upon me, like a dangerous serpent in the house.
vrm.2.44 Sumitra, who was devoted to righteousness spoke the following words, which were virtuous, to the celebrated Kausalya, the foremost among women, who had been wailing as aforesaid That son of yours, oh the venerable one, is endowed with excellent virtues and is the foremost among men.
vrm.2.44 Oh, Kausalya! Rama is the illuminator of even the sun, fire of fire, the ruler of rules, the splendor of splendor, the foremost glory of glory, the forbearance of forbearance, the god of Gods and the foremost being of all the beings.
vrm.2.44 What can be difficult to obtain for, to whose front indeed walks Lakshmana himself the best among the holders of bow wielding arrows, sword and missiles? Oh, Kausalya! I tell you the truth you can see Rama coming back, on having completed the term of his exile in the forest
vrm.2.44 Oh, auspicious Kausalya, the irreproachable one! You will be able to see your son, like the rising moon, saluting respectfully your feet, by bowing his head.
vrm.2.44 Oh, Kausalya! Do not have uneasiness or grief.
vrm.2.44 Hearing those words of Sumitra the mother of Lakshmana, the agony of Kausalya Ramas mother and the wife of Dasaratha quickly disappeared in the same way as an autumnal cloud with a little water in it disappears quickly.
vrm.2.51 I do not expect Kausalya, Dasaratha and my mother all of them to remain alive for this night.
vrm.2.51 But it will be painful if Kausalya who has given birth to a heroic son, dies.
vrm.2.51 How, in the absence of his magnanimous and the first born son, will the vital airs in the body of the generous king be maintained? After the death of king, Kausalya will die.
vrm.2.52 Tell Kausalya again and again that I am keeping good health.
vrm.2.52 As is your affection for Kaikeyi, so let it be for Sumitra and also the divine Kausalya, my mother If you accept the princely kingdom with an intent to please our father, it will be possible for you to enhance happiness in both the worlds in this world and the next.
vrm.2.52 Further, shall I say to the queen Kausalya as follows: Your son, Rama has been taken by me to the house of his maternal uncle, do not grieve.
vrm.2.53 Blinded by pride of good fortune, Kaikeyi may even now persecute Kausalya and Sumitra because of their relationship with me.
vrm.2.53 From this very place, you proceed to Ayodhya next morning, oh, Lakshmana! I shall proceed to Dandaka forest alone with Sita, while you will be the protector for Kausalya, who has no defender.
vrm.2.53 Give for protection my mother to Bharata, oh virtuous Prince! In some other past birth, women must have been deprived of their sons by my mother Kausalya, oh, Lakshmana! For that reason this has arisen certainly.
vrm.2.53 At a time when Kausalya should have obtained benefits for her labors repaid by me, she has been deprived of my company by me, who was nurtured by her for a long time and brought up with great pains.
vrm.2.53 Let no woman ever give birth to such a son as myself, who have caused perpetual grief to my mother, oh, Lakshmana! Oh, Lakshmana! I think that myna which is kept as a pet by mother Kausalya is more affectionate than I, since her are heard the words, Bite, oh parrot, the foot of the enemy.
vrm.2.53 What can be done by me, her son, who cannot go to her aid even a little to her, my mother, who is weeping, who is unfortunate and who has no son, oh conqueror of foes? Kausalya my mother of poor luck indeed, bereft of me, is stricken with great melancholy and lies plunged in a sea of grief Enraged, I can subdue with my arrows single handed not only Ayodhya but also the earth.
vrm.2.55 Having approached that banyan tree, Seetha spoke these words, Oh, great tree! Obeisance to you! Let my husband complete his vow! Let me see again Kausalya and the illustrious Sumitra.
vrm.2.57 What Sumantra will reply to the lamenting Kausalya, when he now returns here without Rama while he formerly went out with Rama?
vrm.2.57 In spite of her son Rama having left Ayodhya, Kausalya continues to survive.
vrm.2.57 Kausalya along with Sumitra lifted up their husband, who fell on the ground.
vrm.2.57 Kausalya also spoke these words to Dasaratha.
vrm.2.57 Kausalya, speaking excitedly in tears and entirely given up to anguish uttered thus to the monarch and soon fell to the ground.
vrm.2.57 All those women cried in loud voice, seeing Kausalya fallen on the ground weeping as aforesaid and gazing their husband too lying unconscious.
vrm.2.58 My mother Kausalya is to be told about my welfare, about my offering salutations to her and about my meticulousness.
vrm.2.59 Oh, emperor! The city of Ayodhya with its joy less people, with its Elephants and Horses looking miserable, with sighing exhaustion due to cries of pain, filled with sounds of moaning, cheerless and feeling anguish due to Ramas exile, appears to me, like Queen Kausalya without her son.
vrm.2.59 Oh, Queen Kausalya! I am plunged in this ocean of grief.
vrm.2.59 Hearing his words lamenting as much as twice more pitiably for Rama and the king having fallen unconscious, Kausalya was alarmed once again.
vrm.2.60 Then, Kausalya, trembling again and again, as though possessed by a spirit, and lying on the floor without proper disposition of mind, spoke to Sumantra as follows: Wherever Rama, Seetha and Lakshmana are there, take me to them.
vrm.2.60 Sumantra with joined palms and with a voice choked with tears and in faint accents, consoling Kausalya, spoke these words to her.
vrm.2.60 Expunging the remarks spoken by Seetha about Kaikeyi coming almost nearer to his lips by inadvertence, Sumantra spoke only delightful and sweet words to Kausalya.
vrm.2.61 When Rama, who is excellent in virtue and outstanding among those causing delight, having left for the forest, Kausalya who was feeling pained, spoke, weeping to her husband as follows: Despite the fame in the three worlds of your great glory that Dasaratha is compassionate, bountiful and kind in his words, how your two sons along with Seetha who grew comfortably can bear suffering in the forest when faced with hardships, O the best among the foremost of men! That Seetha, who is a young lady in the prime of her youth and very delicate, can really tolerate heat and cold?
vrm.2.61 Hearing the aforesaid voice of Kausalya, consisting of her cruel words, the king also being distressed, became disillusioned.
vrm.2.62 When harsh words with anger in this manner by the grief stricken Kausalya, Ramas mother were heard, king Dasaratha felt depressed and reflected upon them.
vrm.2.62 After restoring his consciousness he, breathing a long and hot sigh and seeing Kausalya by his side, began to worry again.
vrm.2.62 That king, tormented by the afflictions, was trembling, bent his head down, joined his palms in salutation, desirous of getting her grace and spoke to Kausalya as follows: O, Kausalya! I seek your grace.
vrm.2.62 Hearing those miserable words spoken by the distressed king, Kausalya shed tears, akin to new rain water flowing from channel.
vrm.2.62 Capturing on her own head, the kings palms joined in the form of a lotus, Kausalya was scared and spoke weeping in hurriedly lettered words in eagerness.
vrm.2.62 While Kausalya was telling auspicious words indeed as aforesaid the sun became feeble and turned towards night too.
vrm.2.62 The king, thus cheered up by the queen Kausalya, got subjected to slumber, after having been overcome by grief.
vrm.2.63 After Rama along with his wife departed to the forest, Dasaratha the king of Kosala recalling his earlier sin, wanted to tell Kausalya, whose eye corners were dark in colour all about it.
vrm.2.63 King Dasaratha, afflicted by grief for his son, recalling his sin, spoke the following words to Kausalya who was suffering from sorrow for her son.
vrm.2.63 At that time, I was famous as a young man, who can shoot heard but unseen object by an arrow, O Kausalya!" "This grief, obtained by my own accord, has befallen me, as by a boy in ignorance eating poison in the world O, Kausalya!"
vrm.2.63 "O, Kausalya! You were unmarried till then and I was the Prince Regent.
vrm.2.63 "O, my dear Kausalya! Seeing him, with his body drenched in water, weeping with anguish, unceasingly sighing his breath, with injury in his vital part and lying down in River Sarayu as he was, I became very much grief stricken.
vrm.2.64 The high souled Dasaratha, while lamenting about the unworthy killing of that sage, spoke further to Kausalya as follows:
vrm.2.64 O, Kausalya! The sin I myself committed through ignorance on that day, by invoking an arrow and hitting an invisible object the sound of which was heard, I remember it now on reflection over it.
vrm.2.64 O, Kausalya! As a disease comes sometime after eating a nutriment mixed with forbidden things, this present occurrence came as a result of the sinful act by me long ago.
vrm.2.64 O, Kausalya! I am not able to see you with my eyes.
vrm.2.64 O, Kausalya! I am not able to see you with my eyes.
vrm.2.64 O, Kausalya! My heart is sinking down by delusion of mind.
vrm.2.64 O, mighty armed! O, Rama! O, annihilator of my grief! Alas! O, darling of your father! O, my protector! O, my son! Where have you gone? O, Kausalya! O, Sumitra, the miserable! Alas! O, Kaikeyi, the cruel one! My enemy! The disgrace of my family! I am going to die.
vrm.2.64 In this manner, King Dasaratha weeping as aforesaid, reached the end of his life in the presence of Kausalya and Sumitra.
vrm.2.65 Overpowered by grief for their sons, the slumbering Kausalya and Sumitra did not wake up, as though they were completely overtaken by death.
vrm.2.65 Kausalya bereft of luster, pale faced, emaciated with grief and dispirited, did not shine brightly as before like a star hidden away in darkness.
vrm.2.65 The queen Kausalya, immediately close to the king and with Sumitra on her side, was not shining as before with her face ruffled by tears of grief.
vrm.2.65 Kausalya and Sumitra suddenly obtained consciousness by the sound of their cries and woke up from sleep.
vrm.2.65 Kausalya and Sumitra, on seeing and touching king Dasaratha, cried O, Lord! and fell on the ground.
vrm.2.65 Rolling on the floor and covered by dust, Kausalya the daughter of Kosala king was not shining as before and resembled a star falling down from the sky.
vrm.2.65 While the king was deceased, all the women saw Kausalya who fell on the floor appearing as a female Elephant, which was killed and felled on the ground.
vrm.2.66 Seeing the aforesaid deceased king, who looked like a fully extinguished fire, a waterless ocean and a lusterless sun, Kausalya holding the kings head on her lap with her eyes full of tears and who was stricken with grief of various sorts, spoke to Kausalya as follows: O Kaikeyi the cruel one and the doer of evils! You be there, having fulfilled your desires.
vrm.2.66 The chamberlains reverently removed from that place that unfortunate Kausalya, who was in excess of her grief and was closely embracing her dead husband.
vrm.2.70 Is Kausalya, the venerable lady, who is intent on virtue, who knows righteousness, who visualizes goodness and who is the mother of the wise Rama, also well? I hope that Sumitra, who knows righteousness, who is the mother of Lakshmana as well as the heroic Satrughna and our middle mother, is well.
vrm.2.72 Or is he in the house of Kausalya the senior most of my mothers? Deluded by the greed for kingdom, Kaikeyi who knew everything closely, told the terribly unpleasant news to Bharata, who did not know anything, as though the news was delightful.
vrm.2.72 Becoming gloomy faced, he once again asked his mother as follows: Where did the virtuous Rama, who augments Kausalya s delight go now along with my brother Lakshmana and with Sita? Asked by Bharata in this manner, his mother started telling so greatly unpleasant words, exactly as it had happened, as though they were very pleasant words.
vrm.2.73 It is impossible that Kausalya and Sumitra, who are afflicted with grief for their sons, will live in fellowship with you, my mother.
vrm.2.73 In the same manner, Kausalya, my elder mother having far sightedness and established in piety, indeed used to behave with you as your sister.
vrm.2.73 Why are you not lamenting, after sending Rama, the disciplined Kausalya s son, clothed in a bark dress, to live in a forest? O, sinful one! You indeed sent into exile, clad in a bark dress, Rama having a virtuous disposition, a valiant man, a self controlled and illustrious man as he was.
vrm.2.74 Kausalya, Sumitra and my other mothers are engrossed in a great misfortune, by falling victim to you, who brought disgrace to our family.
vrm.2.74 O, woman having evil desires, moving towards hell! Which world will you attain now, after making Kausalya endowed with righteousness, deprived of her son? O, cruel woman! Dont you know that Rama the son of Kausalya is a subdued man, who is devoted to his relatives and as an eldest brother, equal to a father?
vrm.2.74 Such a Kamadhenu the sacred cow, which is desirous of maintaining the world always having unequalled behavior, the venerable one, by its very nature functioning forever with good qualities and to whom there are thousands of sons, is lamenting, how much more indeed Kausalya will drag her existence, without Rama?
vrm.2.74 Rama the son of Kausalya, of great prowess will be brought back to Ayodhya and I, myself will go to the forest inhabited by the sages.
vrm.2.75 Recognising the voice of Bharata the noble man, crying out in that manner, Kausalya spoke the following words to Sumitra: Bharata, the son of Kaikeyi, the doer terrific deeds arrived.
vrm.2.75 Seeing Kausalya who was afflicted with grief, who fell unconscious on the way who was crying and who was an honorable woman with a noble mind.
vrm.2.75 Kausalya who was very much in sorrow spoke the following words to Bharata: you, who have a desire for kingdom, have got this invincible kingdom
vrm.2.75 Then, Bharata with folded hands, replied as follows to Kausalya who was encircled by afflictions and weeping as aforesaid in many ways: O, noble woman! Why do you reproach me, sinless as I am, for those things that I do not know anything? Nay, you know well of the greatest affection I have for Rama.
vrm.2.75 While thus counseling Kausalya, who was bereft of her husband and son, the prince Bharata fell down, depressed as he was with anguish.
vrm.2.75 Kausalya spoke the following words to Bharata who was tormented with grief, was quite distraught and who just uttered formidable imprecations in the aforesaid manner:
vrm.2.76 Then, the appointed priests as well as Kausalya and other women who were tormented with grief, circumambulated in anti clockwise direction that king who was lying on a funeral pile.
vrm.2.77 O, king! O, father! Where have you gone, leaving Kausalya the mother whose son Rama, her support, has been sent away from home to the forest?
vrm.2.78 "We shall take reguge with the compassionate, magnanimous, virtuous and illustrious Kausalya.
vrm.2.83 Kaikeyi, Sumitra and the illustrious Kausalya rode in a resplendent chariot, delighted as they were at the thought of Ramas return.
vrm.2.86 "I do not expect whether all of them, like Kausalya Dasaratha and even my mother Sumitra will survive at all till this night.
vrm.2.86 However, the afflicted Kausalya who gave birth to the eminent Rama will surely die.
vrm.2.87 Kausalya on her part, torn with grief and bending over him, embraced him.
vrm.2.87 That affectionate Kausalya, agitated as she was with grief and looking miserable, pressing him to her bosom as a cow its own calf, questioned Bharata in the following words "O, son! I hope that no ailment afflicts your body.
vrm.2.87 Bharata of great renown, easing himself well within a moment, consoled Kausalya and while still weeping, spoke to Guha as follows "O, guha! Tell me where did Rama my brother as also Seetha and Lakshmana halt in the night? On what couch and eating what, did he repose? Guha, the Lord of Nishadas, thrilling with rapture, spoke to Bharata about the manner in which he made arrangements for feeding and reposing his beloved and kind guest, Rama.
vrm.2.89 Vasishta, the royal priest and whatever elderly Brahmanas were present there ascended the boats, even before Bharata, Shatrughna, Kausalya, Sumitra.
vrm.2.90 "That annihilator of enemies, born of Kausalya for the increase of her happiness, he who with his brother and his wife have been exiled to the forest for a long period, that Rama who is full of glory, through the intrigues of a woman was condemned to dwell in the forest for fourteen years by his father.
vrm.2.92 Kausalya, among the trembling, emaciated and the miserable women along with the Queen Sumitra clasped the feet of the sage Bharadwaja with their hands.
vrm.2.92 "O, venerable sage! This miserable queen emaciated by grief and fasting, is the royal consort of my father, who you see resembling a goddess it is she, Kausalya who, as Aditi gave birth to Upendra, begot that Tiger among the heroes, with the great gait and pride of a lion that Rama.
vrm.2.92 She, who stands clinging to the left shoulder of Kausalya, plunged in grief is the unfortunate Sumitra, looking like a branch of Karnikara tree with withered flowers standing in the interior of the grove.
vrm.2.92 Desirous of seeing Rama and delighted, Kausalya and other honourable women thereafter advanced on their excellent conveyances.
vrm.2.100 "My darling! Are you treating respectfully as before that preceptor of the Ikshvakus, the one who knows the sacred scriptures, the one who knows the sacred scriptures, the learned who constantly keep up the virtues and he who has a great splendour?" "My darling! I hope that Kausalya and Sumitra having good offspring are happy.
vrm.2.104 With a gloomy and emaciated face, filled with tears, Kausalya spoke to Sumitra and other royal women as follows: "This is the ford, located in the eastern region of the forest, frequented by Seetha, Rama and Lakshmana, banished from the kingdom those unfortunate persons of illustrious exploits who have no country.
vrm.2.104 The large eyed Kausalya observed a ball made of Ingudi pulp, which was placed by Rama in honour of his father on the ground, on aheap of Darbha grass, the raised spikes of which pointed towards the south.
vrm.2.104 Seeing that ball of food placed on the ground by the unfortunate Rama for his father, the Queen Kausalya spoke to all those wives of Dasaratha as follows: "See this ball of food offered traditionally by Rama in honour of his father, the high souled Dasaratha the Lord of Ikshvaku race.
vrm.2.104 Consoling Kausalya thus afflicted by grief, Kausalya s companions then proceeded further and saw Rama in his hermitage, who resembled an Immortal driven out of Paradise.
vrm.2.104 Kausalya embraced the miserable Seetha as a mother her daughter, she who was emaciated because of her stay in the forest and afflicted with grief, and spoke the following words: "How has the daughter of King Janaka, the daughter in law of King Dasaratha and Rama s wife, fallen into such a wretched plight that she is living in a desolate forest?"
vrm.2.118 The exceedingly strong Rama bears himself to all other Queens, as he exercises his behaviour towards his mother, Kausalya.
vrm.3.4 "Oh, sire, now I have known you to be Rama, the son of Kausalya.
vrm.3.37 Rama" the enhancer of his mother Kausalya s happiness is completely forsaken by his father no, he is not there is unseemliness in him no, not in the least he is out of character no he is selfish no he is an ignoble Kshatriya no, not at all and he is neither a debased one insofar as the merits of righteousness are concerned, nor he is atrocious towards living beings, for he takes delight in the welfare of all beings.
vrm.3.58 Vaidehi" who is dearer to me than my lives, will she be alive somehow! Oh, valiant Lakshmana, this peregrination of mine, will it not become futile, someway! "When I am dead for the sake of Seetha and when you get back to Ayodhya lonesomely, and when Kaikeyi s wishes are accomplished thus, oh, Soumitri, will she be comfortable, somewhat! Kaikeyi" is with her son, with a kingdom, and further her purposes are achieved, oh, gentle Lakshmana, and because of the death of her son will my austerely mother Kausalya humbly get into the servitude of Kaikeyi, anyhow!
vrm.3.62 Oh, efficacious Lakshmana, on revering my mothers Kaikeyi, Sumitra, and Kausalya justifiably you tell them my good bye, and you as the one who effectuates whatever is assigned to you, you have to effortfully protect my mother Kausalya by doing whatever she says.
vrm.3.64 In the absence of Vaidehi, oh Lakshmana, really what is that unpleasant word I have to say to Vaidehi s father king Janaka, also thus to Vaidehi s mother in law and my mother Kausalya, when I meet them! a Which Vaidehi is the remover of all my sadness who am a destitute of kingdom and surviving in forests on forest produce, such as she is,
vrm.4.1 "What can I say in Ayodhya to that kind hearted lady and my mother Kausalya, oh, prince Lakshmana, when she asks where is she, my daughter in law? And how is she?
vrm.5.13 Thereafter seeing sons to be dead the mothers Kausalya, Sumitra and Kaikeyi will not exist there is no doubt.
vrm.5.25 Seetha being tormented by grief said "Oh! Rama!" and again "Oh! Lakshmana!","Oh! Kausalya!, my mother in law" "Oh! Sumitra!" "I thus being tormented by cruel Rakshasa women here lacking Rama, being tormented by grief, when I am living even for a moment, death at wrong time to woman or to a man is hard thus being said this popular saying in the world is true.
vrm.5.28 O Rama, O Lakshmana, O Sumitra, O Kausalya! O mother! I, of a scanty fortune, am going to be destroyed, like a ship driven out of its course by a strong wind in a mighty ocean.
vrm.5.36 Is Rama, who is habituated always to pleasures and not habituated to pains, not sinking into despondency by now getting this great pain? Are you constantly hearing the news of safety of Kausalya, Sumitra and Bharata?
vrm.5.38 "On my behalf, salute by bowing your head and ask about the welfare of Rama, the Lord of the worlds, whom the magnanimous Kausalya gave birth.
vrm.5.64 Get consoled well, O virtuous Rama, the splendid son of Kausalya!"
vrm.6.21 His arm formerly adorned with armlets of gems and gold and the most excellent jewels of pearls, was touched more than once, by excellent women Kausalya and other mothers or by royal maids.
vrm.6.32 Even you who were actually intent on protecting me, fallen in great affliction and immersed in an ocean of grief, have been killed by the enemies O, Rama! My mother in law Kausalya who cherished you tenderly has been left without a son and resembles a cow that has lost its calf.
vrm.6.32 Kausalya absorbed as she was with grief can only see Lakshmana alone returned out of the three who attained exile.
vrm.6.41 Has my name ever reached your ears? Rama who is born in Raghu dynasty and who augements the joy of Kausalya speaks thus to you, O, ruthless Rakshasa! Come forth and enter into combat.
vrm.6.48 "I do not repent so much for Rama and Lakshmana or for myself or even my mother but for my unfortunate mother in law, Kausalya.
vrm.6.48 Kausalya" for her part, forever remains absorbed in the thought When shall I see Lakshmana and Seetha with Rama returned to Ayodhya having completed his vow of remaining in exile in the forest for fourteen years?" The Rakshasi Trijata spoke to that lamenting Seetha as follows "O, the god like lady! Do not despair.
vrm.6.49 "What shall I say to my mother, Kausalya or to Kaikeyi? How can I talk to my mother Sumitra, sighing for the sight of her son?" "How shall I console Sumitra, trembling and crying out like an osprey, bereft of her son, if I return to Ayodhya without lakshmana?"
vrm.6.92 "I think that the heart of that Kausalya will get burst, when the lady, who had only one son, hears of her son having been killed in battle.
vrm.6.92 "While lamenting, Kausalya will vividly recall about the birth, childhood, youth, the righteous acts and the handsome form of the great souled Rama.
vrm.6.92 "Having observed a ceremony in honour of her deceased son and getting despondent and unconscious, Kausalya will surely enter the flame or be drowned in water.
vrm.6.92 "Woe be to the unfaithful hunch back Manthara, of sinful resolve, on whose consequence, Kausalya will get this grief.
vrm.6.107 Thought equipped with many arrows and well versed with all kinds of missiles, the valiant Rama, the augmentor of Kausalya s joy, then became thoughtful said to himself as follows: "What is the reason, these arrows by which Maricha, Khara, Dushana, Kabandha in Krauncha forest, and Viradha in Dandaka forest were killed, by which seven Sala trees and the mountains were burst, by which Vali was killed and the ocean shaken up all these arrows which provided immediate succour to me in battle, have proved of little efficacy in the case of Ravana.
vrm.6.119 "Fortunately has the fear born of Ravana which increased the severe darkness on the entire world has been removed by you, on the battle field, O Rama!" "You are fit to go to the heaven, by comforting the depressed Bharata and the illustrious Kausalya as well as seeing Kaikeyi and Sumitra, the mother of Lakshmana having got the sovereignty of Ayodhya, bringing delight to your friends, stabilizing the back bone in the race of Ikshvaku, getting excellent glory by performing a Horse sacrifice and by granting riches to Brahmanas.
vrm.6.119 "Blessed indeed is Kausalya, who will see you, the destroyer of your enemies, returned home from the forest.
vrm.6.121 My heart is hastening to see that Bharata, who came all the way to Mount Chitrakuta to take me back to Ayodhya, yet whose appeal was not executed by me, even though he requested me with his head bent low and Kausalya my mother as also Sumitra and the illustrious Kaikeyi my step mothers as also Guha my friend, as well as the citizens of Ayodhya and the inhabitants of the country side.
vrm.6.122 O the excellent king! Seeing you, drench with ablution in the coronation ceremony and offering our salutations to Kausalya, we shall return to our homes.
vrm.6.127 Then, all the wives of the deceased Dasaratha, placing Kausalya and Sumitra in front of them, mounting their vehicles, issued forth.
vrm.6.128 Thereupon, the delightful Kausalya, who was affectionate of her sons, adorned with zeal all the wives of Vanaras.
vrm.6.128 Approaching and entering the palace of the great souled father, Rama the prince offered salutation to Kausalya, Sumitra and Kaikeyi and spoke the following sweet and meaningful words to Bharata, the foremost among the righteous: "Give this great palace of mine which looks excellent with Ashoka garden and consisting of pearls and cat s eye gems to Sugreeva for his stay.
vrm.6.128 Even as Kausalya, the mother has Rama as her living son, or as Sumitra has Lakshmana or as Kaikeyi has Bharata, the women likewise can become mothers of living sons, endowed with children as well as grand children and thus become happy forever.
vrm.7.47 "Awake, O gentle hero, increasing Kausalya s joy, O foremost of men.
vrm.7.48 Having taken farewell from Rama enhancing Kausalya s delight, the king of Kasi, with his followers, fearlessly and speedily proceeded to his own city.
vrm.7.70 Thereupon the highly effulgent and noble minded Lakshmana entered the palace and said to Rama "O thou having long arms, O thou the enhancer of Kausalya s joy I have communicated thine orders I shall relate shortly everything regarding that ;do thou hear.
vrm.7.76 And Kausalya and Sumitra and Kaikeyi and the other wives of the king set up festal salutation in the palace.
vrm.7.77 Having thus ordered the powerful warriors the highly powerful Satrughna bowed unto Kausalya, Sumitra and Kaikeyi.
vrm.7.112 Thereupon after many years, the illustrious, Kausalya, Rama s mother, surrounded by her sons and grand sons, breathed her last.

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