SUKLA YAJUR VEDA
BOOK 31. Purusha Suktha
PURUSHA hath a thousand heads, a thousand eyes, a thousand feet.
Pervading earth on every side he fills a space ten fingers broad.
Purusha is in truth this All, what hath been and what yet shall be; Lord, too, of immortality which waxes greater still by food.
So mighty in his grandeur; yea, greater than this is Purusha.
All creatures are one fourth of him, three fourths eternal life in heaven.
With three fourths Purusha rose up: one fourth of him again was here.
Thence he moved forth to every side over what eats not and what eats.
From him Viraj was born; again Purusha from Viraj was born.
When born, he spread to west and east beyond the boundaries of earth.
From that great General Sacrifice the dripping fat was gathered up. He formed the creatures of the air and animals both wild and tame.
From that great General Sacrifice Richas and Sama hymns were born: Therefrom were spells and charms produced; the Yajus had its birth from it.
From it were horses born, from it all cattle with two rows of teeth From it were generated kine, from it were goats and sheep produced.
They balmed as victim on the grass Purusha born in earliest time.
With him the Deities and all Sadhyas and Rishis sacrificed.
When they divided Purusha how many portions did they make?
What was his mouth? what were his arms? what are the names of thighs and feet? 11 The Brahman was his mouth, of both his arms was the Rajanya made.
His thighs became the Vaisya, from his feet the Sudra was produced.
The Moon was gendered from his mind, and from his eye the Sun had birth; Vayu and Prana from his ear, and from his mouth was Agni born.
Forth from his navel came mid air; the sky was fashioned from his head; Earth from his feet, and from his ear the Quarters.
Thus they formed the worlds.
When Gods performed the sacrifice with Purusha as offering Spring was the butter, Autumn the oblation, Summer was the wood.
Then seven were his enclosing sticks, his kindling brands were three times seven, When Gods, performing sacrifice, bound as their victim Purusha.
Gods, sacrificing, sacrificed the victim: these were the earliest holy ordinances.
The Mighty Ones attained the height of heaven, there where the Sadhyas, Gods of old, are dwelling.
In the beginning he was formed, collected from waters, earth, and Visvakarman s essence.
Fixing the form thereof Tvashtar proceedeth.
This was at first the mortal s birth and godhead.
I know this mighty Purusha whose colour is like the Sun, beyond the reach of darkness.
He only who knows him leaves Death behind him.
There is no path save this alone to travel.
In the womb moves Prajapati: he, never becoming born, is born in sundry figures.
The wise discern the womb from which he springeth.
In him alone stand all existing creatures.
He who gives light and heat to Gods, first, foremost Agent of the Gods, Born ere the Gods to him the bright, the holy One, be reverence 21 Thus spake the Gods at first, as they begat the bright and holy One: The Brahman who may know thee thus shall have the Gods in his control.
Beauty and Fortune are thy wives: each side of thee are Day and Night.
The constellations are thy form: the Asvins are thine open jaws.
Wishing, wish yonder world for me, wish that the Universe be mine.