Created by Jijith Nadumuri at 14 Jul 2011 06:54 and updated at 14 Jul 2011 13:45


Table of Contents



OUR sacrifice, God Savitar, speed onward: speed to his share the sacrifice s patron.
May the celestial Gandharva, cleanser of thought and will, make clean our thought and purpose: the Lord of Speech sweeten the food we offer.


Thee, firmly set, settled in man, in spirit.
Taken upon a base art thou.
I take thee, draught acceptable to Indra.
This is thy home.
Thee, welcomest to Indra.
Thee Set in waters, butter, realm of ether.
Taken upon Indra.
Thee seated in the sky, earth, air s mid region, among the Gods and in the vault of heaven.
Taken, etc.
as above: 3 The strength arousing essence of the waters, gathered in the Sun, Essence of waters’ essence, that, most excellent, I take for you.
Taken, etc.
as above.


Cups of strength giving sacrifice, inspirers of the sage s hymn Of you, the handleless, have I collected all the sap and strength.
Taken, etc.
as above.
United are ye twain: with bliss unite me.
Parted are ye: keep me apart from evil.

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Thou art the thunderbolt of Indra, winner of wealth: with thee may this man win him riches.
In gain of wealth we celebrate with praises her, Aditi by name, the Mighty Mother, On whom this Universe of life hath settled.
Thereon God Savitar promote our dwelling! 6 Amrit is in the Waters, in the Waters healing medicine.
Yea, Horses! at our praises of the Waters grow ye fleet and strong.
Whatever wave, O ye celestial Waters, wealth giving, towering high, and swiftly rushing, is yours, therewith may this man win him riches.


It was the wind, or it was thought, or the Gandharvas twenty seven These at the first harnessed the horse: they set the power of speed in him.


Steed, being yoked grow wind swift: be beauteous as Indra s right hand steed.
Omniscient Maruts harness thee! Tvashtar put swiftness in thy feet! 9 What speed, O Horse, was laid in thee in secret, what passed in wind, bestowed upon the falcon, With that same strength be strong for us, O Courser, wealth winning and victorious in battle.
Starting to run your course, winners of riches, smell ye Brihaspati s portion, O ye Horses.


By impulse of God Savitar, true Impeller, may ascend Brihaspati s highest heaven.

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By impulse of God Savitar, true Impeller, may I ascend the highest heaven of Indra.
By impulse of God Savitar, true Impeller, Brihaspati s highest heaven have I ascended.
By impulse of God Savitar, true Impeller, I have ascended Indra s loftiest heaven.


Brihaspati, win the prize.
Lift up your voices to Brihaspati.
Make ye Brihaspati win the prize.
Do thou, O Indra, win the prize.
To Indra lift your voices up. Make Indra winner of the prize. 12 True hath been this your league whereby ye made Brihaspati win the prize.
Brihaspati have ye caused to win the prize.
Be freed, ye Forest lords.
Faithful was this your league whereby ye have made Indra win the prize.
Ye have made Indra win the prize.
Be ye set free, ye Forest lords.


Through impulse of God Savitar, true Impeller, mine be Brihaspati s prize who winneth prizes.
On to the goal, ye Steeds, winners of prizes, blocking the ways and meting out the courses! 14 Bound by the neck and at the flanks and in the mouth, that vigorous Courser lends new swiftness to his sped.

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Drawing himself together as his strength allows, Dadhikras speeds along the windings of the paths.
All hail! 15 His pinion, rapid runner, fans him on his way, as of a bird that hastens onward to its aim, And, as it were a falcon s gliding through the air, strikes Dadhikravan s side as he speeds on with might.
All hail! 16 Bless us the Coursers when we call, while slowly they move, strong singers, to the Gods’ assembly.
Crushing the wolf, the serpent, and the demons, may they completely banish all affliction.
All hail! 17 May all those vigorous Coursers listen to our cry, hearers of invocation, speeders on their way; Winners of thousands, fain to win where meed is won, who gather of themselves great wealth in every race.


Deep skilled in Law Eternal, wise, immortal, O Coursers, help us in each fray for booty.
Drink of this meath, be satisfied, be joyful: then go on paths which Gods are wont to travel.


To me come plenteous growth of wealth! Approach me these, Heaven and Earth, who wear each form and figure! Hither may Father come to me, and Mother.
Soma with immortality approach me! 20 To the Friend, Hail! To the Good Fiend, Hail! To the Later born, Hail! To Resolution, Hail! To the Vasu, Hail! To the Lord of Days, Hail! To the Failing Day, Hail! To the Failing sprung from the Transitory, Hail! To the Transitory sprung from the Final, Hail! To the Final Mundane, Hail! To the Lord of the World, Hail! To the Sovran Lord, Hail!
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May life succeed through sacrifice.
May life breath thrive by sacrifice.
May the eye thrive by sacrifice.
May the ear thrive by sacrifice.
May the back thrive by sacrifice.
May sacrifice thrive by sacrifice.
We have become the children of Prajapati.
Gods, we have gone to heaven.
We have become immortal.


In us be your great might and manly vigour, in us be your intelligence and splendour.
Obeisance to our Mother Earth! Obeisance to our Mother Earth! This is thy Sovranty.
Thou art the ruler, thou art controller, thou art firm and stedfast.
Thee for land culture, thee for peace and quiet, thee for wealth, thee for increase of our substance.


Of old the furtherance of strength urged onward this Sovran Soma in the plants and waters.
For us may they be stored with honey: stationed in front may we be watchful in the kingdom.
All hail! 24 The furtherance of strength extended over this heaven and all the worlds as sovran ruler.
He, knowing, makes the churl a bounteous giver: wealth may he grant us with full store of heroes.
All hail 25 Surely the furtherance of strength pervaded all these existing worlds in all directions.
From olden time the King moves round, well knowing, strengthening all the people and our welfare.


As suppliants, for aid we grasp Soma the King, and Agni, the adityas, Vishnu, Surya, and the Brahman priest Brihaspati.

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Urge Aryaman to send us gifts, and Indra.
and Brihaspati, Yak, Vishnu, and Sarasvati, and the strong Courser Savitar.


Agni, speak kindly to us here, be graciously inclined to us.
Winner of thousands, grant us boons, for thou art he who giveth wealth.


Let Aryaman vouchsafe us wealth, and Pushan, and Brihaspati.
May Vak the Goddess give to us.
All hail! 30 Thee by the radiant Savitar s impulsion, with arms of Asvins, with the hands of Pushan.
To Vak Sarasvati s controlling guidance, hers the controlling leader, I consign thee.
I with Brihaspati s supreme dominion endow thee by the balm of consecration 31 With the monosyllable Agni won vital breath: may I win that.
With the dissyllable the Asvins won bipeds: may I win those.
With the trisyllable Vishnu won the three worlds: may I win those.
With quadrisyllabic metre Soma won four footed cattle: may I win those.


With five syllable metre Pushan won the five regions: may I win them.
With six syllable metre Savitar won the six seasons: may I win them.
With seven syllable metre the Maruts won the seven domestic animals: May I win them.
With octosyllabic metre Brihaspati won the Gayatri: may I win that.


With nine syllable metre Mitra won the Trivrit Stoma: may I win that.
With decasyllabic metre Varuna won Viraj: may I win that.

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With hendecasyllabic metre Indra won Trishtup: may I win that.
With dodecasyllabic metre the All Gods won Jagati: may I win that.


The Vasus by thirteen syllable metre won the Thirteenfold Stoma: may I win that.
The Rudras by fourteen syllable metre won the fourteenfold Stoma: may I win that.
The adityas with fifteen syllable metre won the Fifteenfold Stoma: may I win that.
Aditi with sixteen syllable metre won the Sixteenfold Stoma: may I win that.
Prajapati with seventeenfold metre won the Seventeenfold Stoma: may I win that.


This is thy portion, Nirriti! Accept it graciously.
All hail! To Gods whose guide is Agni, to the eastward seated Gods, All hail! To Gods whose guide is Yama, to the southward seated Gods, All hail! To Gods whose guides are the All Gods, those who are seated westward, Hail! Hail to the northward seated Gods, to those whose guides are Mitra and Varuna or the Marut host! To Gods whose guide is Soma, who, worshipful, sit on high, All hail! 36 Gods who have Agni as their guide, whose seat is eastward, Hail to them! Gods who have Yama as their guide, whose seat is southward, Hail to them! Gods who have All Gods as their guides, whose seat is westward, Hail to them! Gods who have Mitra Varuna for guides, north seated, Hail to them! Gods who have Soma as their guide, high seated, worshipful, Hail to them! 37 Agni, subdue opposing bands and drive our enemies away.
Invincible, slay godless foes: give splendour to the worshipper.

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Thee at the radiant Savitar s impulsion, with Asvins’ arms and with the hands of Pushan, I offer with the strength of the Upamsu.
Slain is the demon brood.
All hail! Thee for the slaughter of the brood of demons.
The demons have we slain, have slain.
So and So, So and So is slain.


Savitar quicken thee for sway of rulers, Agni of householders, of the trees Soma, Brihaspati of Speech, for lordship Indra, Rudra for cattle, Mitra for true speaking, Varuna for the sway of Law s protectors.


Gods, quicken him that none may be his rival, for mighty domination, mighty lordship, Him, son of Such a man and Such a woman, of Such a tribe.
This is your King, ye Tribesmen.
Soma is Lord and King of us the Brahmans.

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