KRISHNA YAJUR VEDA
PRAPATHAKA IV (4)
The Optional and Occasional Offerings
iii. 4. 1.
The sacrifice of him whose offering is too large is unsuccessful; Surya, the god, for those that sit in the sky he says; verily with the aid of Brhaspati and Prajapati he makes good the deficiency in the sacrifice.
Now the Raksases infest the victim if it being offered to one deity is greater (than normal); Thou who hast a tawny embryo he says; verily he sends it to the gods, to smite away the Raksases.
Bring near, O bringer he says ; verily with the holy power he brings it.
I split apart thy urinator he says; that is according to the text.
The drop, far extending, of all forms he says; the drop is offspring and cattle; verily with offspring and cattle he unites him.
To the sky the deficiency of the sacrifice goes, to the earth the redundancy; if he were not to appease it, the sacrificer would be ruined; May the two great ones, sky and earth, for us , he says; verily by means of sky and earth he appeases both the deficiency and the redundancy of the sacrifice; the sacrificer is not ruined.
He covers (the offering) with ashes for the call of Godspeed now this is the embryo of these two; verily in these two he deposits it.
If he were to cut off, he would make it redundant; if he were not to cut off, he would fail to cut off from the victim which has been offered; one portion he should cut off from in front of the navel, another behind it; the expiration is in front of the navel , the inspiration behind; verily he cuts off from the whole extent of he victim.
He offers to Visnu Sipivista; Visnu Sipivista is the redundancy of the sacrifice, the greatness of the victim, the prosperity thereof; verily in the redundant he deposits the redundant, to appease the redundant.
The sacrificial fee is gold of eight measures, for the (victim) has eight feet; the self is the ninth; (verily it serves) to win the victim.
It is enveloped in a turban in an inner box, for so as it were is the victim, the omentum, the skin, the flesh, the bone; verily he obtains and wins the whole extent of the victim.
He, for whom in the sacrifice this expiration is offered, by his sacrificing becomes richer.
iii. 4. 2.
a O Vayu, drinker of the pure, come to us; A thousand are thy teams, O thou that hast all choice boons; For thee the sweet drink bath been drawn, Whereof, O God, thou hast the first drink.
b For intent thee, for desire thee, for prosperity thee; Kikkita thy mind! to Prajapati hail! Kikkita thy breath, to Vayu hail! Kikkita thy eye, to Surya hail! Kikkita thy ear, to sky and earth hail! Kikkita, thy speech, to Sarasvati hail!  c Thou, the fourth, art the barren, the eager one, Since once in thought the embryo hath entered thy womb; Do thou, the barren, go eagerly to the gods, Be the desires of the sacrificer fulfilled.
d Thou art the goat, resting on wealth, sit on the earth, mount aloft on the atmosphere, in the sky be thy great radiance.
e Stretching the thread of the atmosphere do thou pursue the light; Guard the paths of light made by prayer.
f Weave ye without a flaw the work of the singers; Become Manu; produce thou.
the host divine.
g Thou art the offering of mind, the colour of Prajapati, may we share thy limbs.
iii. 4. 3.
These two were together, Vayu blew them apart; they conceived a child, Soma generated it, Agni swallowed it.
Prajapati saw this (offering) to Agni on eight potsherds, he offered it, and thereby he redeemed this (victim) from Agni.
Therefore though sacrificing it to another god, still one should first offer on eight potsherds to Agni; verily redeeming it from Agni he offers it.
Because  Vayu blew (them apart), therefore is it connected with Vayu; because these two conceived, therefore is it connected with sky and earth; because Soma generated, and Agni swallowed, there fore is it connected with Agni and Soma; because when the two parted speech was uttered, therefore is it connected with Sarasvati; because Prajapati redeemed it from Agni, therefore is it connected with Prajapati; the barren goat is connected with all the gods.
To Vayu should he offer it who desires wealth.
the swiftest deity is Vayu; verily he has recourse to Vayu with his own share , and he causes him to attain wealth.
To sky and earth should he offer it who in ploughing desires support; verily from the sky Parjanya rains for him, plants spring up in this (earth), his corn prospers.
To Agni and Soma should he offer it who desires, May I be possessed of food, an eater of food by Agni he wins food, by Soma the eating of food; verily he becomes possessed of food, an eater of food.
To Sarasvati should he offer it who , being able to utter speech, cannot utter speech; Sarasvati is speech; verily he ha recourse to Sarasvati with her own share, and she bestows speech upon him.
To Prajapati should he offer it who desires, May I gain that which has not been gained all the deities are Prajapati; verily by the deities he gains what has not been gained.
He brings (the victims) up with a verse ad dressed to Vayu; verily winning it from Vayu he offers it.
For intent thee, for desire thee!  he says; that is according to the text.
He offers with the sound kikkita; at the sound kikkita the domestic animals stop, the wild run away.
In that he offers with the sound kikkita, (it serves) to support domestic animals.
He offers while the circumambulation by fire is taking place; verily alive he sends it to the world of heaven.
Thou, the fourth, art the barren, the eager one he says; verily he sends it to the gods.
Be the desires of the sacrificer fulfilled he says; this is the desire  of the sacrificer that (the sacrifice) should proceed to its conclusion without injury.
Thou art the goat, resting in wealth he says; verily in these worlds he makes it find support.
In the sky be thy great radiance he says; verily in the world of heaven he bestows light upon him.
Stretching the thread of the atmosphere do thou pursue the light he says; verily he makes these worlds full of light for him.
Weave ye without a flaw the work of the singers, , he says; whatever flaw is committed in the sacrifice, this serves to atone for it.
Become Manu; produce thou the host divine ,he says; offspring are connected with Manu; verily he makes them fit for food.
Thou art the offering of mind he says, to make Godspeed
May we share thy limbs he says; verily he invokes this blessing.
Of this (victim) there is one time unpropitious for sacrifice to the gods, when a cloud appears when it has been offered ; if a cloud should appear when it has been offered, he should either cast it into the waters or eat it whole; if he were to cast it into the waters, he would con fuse the sacrifice; he should eat it whole; verily he bestows power upon himself.
By three people is this to be performed, him who performs a year long Sattra, him who offers with a thousand (gifts), and him who is a domestic sacrificer; with it let them sacrifice, for them is it fit.
iii. 4. 4.
a Thought and thinking, intent and intention, known and knowledge, mind and power, the new and the full moon, the Brhat and the Rathantara.
b Prajapati bestowed victories on Indra The strong, he who is dread in battle contest, To him all the people bowed in reverence, For he waxed dread, worthy of offering.
The gods and the Asuras were in conflict.
Indra had recourse to Prajapati, to him he gave these victories (offerings); he offered them; then indeed were the gods victorious over the Asuras; in that they were victorious, that is why (the offerings) are called victorious
They should be offered by one engaged in conflict; verily does he win in the conflict.
iii. 4. 5.
a Agni overlord of creatures, may he help me; Indra of powers, Yama of earth, Vayu of the atmosphere, Surya of the sky, Candramas of Naksatras, Brhaspati of holy power, Mitra of truths, Varuna of waters, the ocean of streams, food of lordships overlord, may it help me; Soma of plants, Savitr of instigations, Rudra of cattle, Tvastr of forms, Visnu of mountains, the Maruts of troops overlords, may they help me.
b O ye fathers, ye grandfathers, ye further, ye nearer, ye dadas, ye granddadas, do ye here help me.
c In this holy power, this worldly power, this prayer, this Purohitaship, this rite, this invocation of the gods.
iii. 4. 6.
What the gods did at the sacrifice, the Asuras did.
The gods saw these overpowering Homas(), they performed them; the rite of the gods succeeded, that of the Asuras did not succeed.
If he is desirous of prospering in a rite, then should he offer them, and in that rite he prospers.
In that the All gods brought together (the materials), the Abhyatanas are connected with the All gods; in that Prajapati bestowed the victories Jayas(), therefore the Jayas are connected with Prajapati ; in that they won the kingdom by the Rastrabhrts, that is why the Rastrabhrts (supporters of the kingdom) have their name.
The gods overpowered the Asuras with the Abhyatanas, conquered them with the Jayas, and won the kingdom with the Rastrabhrts; in that the gods overpowered (abhyátanvata) the Asuras with the Abhyatanas, that is why the Abhyatanas have their name; in that they conquered (ájayan) them with the Jayas, that is why the Jayas have their name; in that they won the kingdom with the Rastrabhrts, that is why the Rastrabhrts have their name.
Then the gods prospered, the Asuras were defeated.
He who has foes should offer these (offerings); verily by the Abhyatanas he overpowers his foes, by the Jayas he conquers them, by the Rastrabhrts he wins the kingdom; he prospers himself, his foe is defeated.
iii. 4. 7.
a Supporting holy order, abounding in truth, Agni is the Gandharva; his Apsarases are the plants, called strength; may he protect this holy power, this lordly power; may they protect this holy power, this lordly power; to him hail! To them hail! b The compact, possessing all the Samans, the sun is the Gandharva, his Apsarases are the rays (called) active, &c.
c The all blessed, sun rayed Candramas is the Gandharva; his Apsarases are the Naksatras, (called) the bright, &c.
d The active, the winged sacrifice is the Gandharva, his Apsarases are the sacrificial fees, (called) praises, &c.
e Prajapati, all creator, the mind , is the Gandharva; his Apsarases are the Rc and Saman verses, (called) hymns, &c.
f The swift, all pervading wind is the Gandharva; his Apsarases are the waters, (called) delights, &c.
g O lord of the world, thou who hast houses above and here, do thou give us increase of wealth, unfailing, rich in heroes, prosperity abiding through the year.
h The supreme ruler, the overlord, death is the Gandharva; his Apsarases are the whole (world), (called) the worlds.
i With fair abode, fair wealth, doer of good deeds, holding the light, Parjanya.
is the Gandharva; his Apsarases are the lightnings, (called) the radiant, &c.
k Whose dart speeds afar, the pitiless , death is the Gandharva; the Apsarases are his offspring, (called) the timid, &c.
I The dear one, looking with desire, love is the Gandharva; his Apsarases are thoughts, (called) the burning; may he protect this our holy power, our lordly power; may they protect this our holy power, our lordly power; to him hail! To them hail! m O lord of the world, thou who hast houses above and here, do thou accord wide, great, protection to this holy power, this holy work.
iii. 4. 8.
They should be offered for one who desires the kingdom; the Rastrabhrts are the kingdom; verily with the kingdom he wins the king dom for him; he becomes the kingdom.
They should be offered for oneself; the Rastrabhrts are the kingdom, the people are the kingdom, cattle are the kingdom, in that he becomes the highest he is the kingdom; verily with the kingdom he wins the kingdom, he becomes the richest of his equals.
They should be offered for one who desires a village; the Rastrabhrts are the kingdom, his fellows are the kingdom; verily with the kingdom he wins for him his fellows and the kingdom; he becomes possessed of a village .
He offers on the dicing place; verily on the dicing place he wins his fellows for him, and being won they wait upon him.
They should be offered on the mouth of the chariot for him who desires force; the Rastrabhrts are force, the chariot is force; verily by force he wins force for him; he becomes possessed of force.
They should be offered for him who is expelled from his kingdom; to all his chariots he should say, Be yoked verily he yokes the kingdom for him .
The oblations of him whose realm is not in order are disordered; he should take off the right wheel of his chariot and offer in the box; so he puts in order his oblation, and the kingdom comes into order in accord with their coming into order.
They should be offered when battle is joined; the Rastrabhrts are the kingdom, and for the kingdom do they strive who go to battle togethe ;he for whom first they offer prospers, and wins this battle.
The kindling wood is from the Madhuka tree ; the coals shrinking back make the host of his foe to shrink back.
They should be offered for one who is mad; for it is the Gandharva and the Apsarases who madden him who is mad; the Rastrabhrts are the Gandharva and the Apsarases.
To him hail! To them hail! (with these words) he offers, and thereby he appeases them.
Of Nyagrodha, Udumbara, Asvattha, or Plaksa (wood) is the kindling wood; these are the homes of the Gandharva and the Apsarases; verily he appeases them in their own abode .
They should be offered in inverse order by one who is practising witchcraft; so he fastens on his breaths from in front, and then at pleasure lays him low.
He offers in a natural cleft or hollow; that of this (earth) is seized by misfortune; verily on (a place) seized by misfortune he makes misfortune seize upon him.
With what is harsh in speech he utters the Vasat call; verily with the harshness of speech he cuts him down; swiftly he is ruined.
If he desire of a man, Let me take his eating of food , he should fall at length in his hall and (with the words), O lord of the world gather blades of grass; the lord of the world is Prajapati; verily by Prajapati he takes his eating of food.
Here do I take the eating of food of N.N.descendant of N.N., he says; verily he takes his eating of food.
With six (verses) he takes, the seasons are six; verily the seasons having t ken by Prajapati his eating of food bestow it on him .
If the head of a family is expelled, they should be offered for him, placing him on a mound and cooking a Brahman s mess of four Saravas in size; the Rastrabhrts are pre eminence, the mound is pre eminence; verily by pre eminence he makes him pre eminent among his equals.
(The offering) is of four Saravas in size; verily he finds support in the quarters; it is made in milk; verily he bestows brilliance upon him; he takes it out, to make it cooked; it is full of butter, for purity; four descended from Rsis partake of it; verily he offers in the light of the quarters.
iii. 4. 9.
He who desires offspring should offer (the oblations to) the minor deities; the minor deities are the metres, offspring are as it were the metres; verily by the metres he produces offspring for him.
He makes Dhatr first; verily he produces pairing with him, Anumati gives approval to him, Raka gives, Sinivali produces, and in offspring when produced by Kuhu he places speech.
These (offerings) also should he make who desires cattle; the minor deities are the metres, cattle are as it were the metres ; verily by the metres he produces offspring for him.
He makes Dhatr first; by him he scatters, Anumati gives approval to him, Raka gives, Sinivali produces, and by Kuhu he establishes offspring when produced.
These (offerings) also should he make who desires a village; the minor deities are the metres, a village is as it were the metres; verily by the metres he wins a village for him .
He puts Dhatr in the middle; verily he places him in the middle of a village.
These (offerings) also should he offer who is long ill; the minor deities are the metres, the metres are unfavourable to him whose illness is long; verily by the metres he makes him well.
He puts Dhatr in the middle, it is not in order in the middle of him whose illness is long; verily thereby in the middle he puts (things) in order for him.
These (offerings) also  should he offer to whom the sacrifice does not resort; the minor deities are the metres, the metres do not resort to him to whom the sacrifice does not resort.
He puts Dhatr first; verily in his mouth he places the metres; the sacrifice resorts to him.
These (offerings) also should he make who has sacrificed; the minor deities are the metres, the metres of him who has sacrificed are worn out as it were.
He puts Dhatr last ; verily afterwards he wins for him metres unwearied; the next sacrifice resorts to him.
These (offerings) should he make to whom wisdom does not resort; the minor deities are the metres, the metres do not resort to him to whom wisdom does not resort.
He puts Dhatr first; verily in his mouth he places the metres; wisdom resorts to him.
These (offerings) also should he make  who desires brilliance; the minor deities are the metres, brilliance is as it were the metres; verily by the metres he bestows brilliance upon him.
They are made in milk; verily he bestows brilliance upon him.
He puts Dhatr in the middle; verily he places him in the middle of brilliance.
Anumati is the Gayatri, Raka the Tristubh, Sinivali the Jagati, Kuhu the Anustubh, Dhatr the Vasat call.
Raka is the first fortnight, Kuhu the second, Sinivali the new moon (night), Anumati the full moon (night), Dhatr the moon.
The Vasus are eight , the Gayatri has eight syllables; the Rudras are eleven, the Tristubh has eleven syllables; the Adityas are twelve, the Jagati has twelve syllables, the Anustubh is Prajapati, the Vasat call Dhatr.
Thus indeed the minor deities are all the metres and all the gods and the Vasat call.
If he were to o fer them all at once, they would be likely to burn him up; he should offer first two, and a third for Dhatr, and then offer likewise the last two; thus they do not burn him up, and for whatever desire they are offered that he obtains by them.
iii. 4. 10.
a O Vastospati, accept us; Be of kind entrance for us and free from ill; That which we seek from thee, do thou accord us, And health be thou for our bipeds, health for our quadrupeds.
b O Vastospati, may we be comrades of thee In a friendship, effectual, joyful, and proceeding well; Aid our wishes in peace, in action; Do ye guard us ever with blessings.
In that evening and morning he offers the Agnihotra the sacrificer thus piles up the oblation bricks ; the bricks of him who has established a sacred fire are the days and nights; in that he offers evening and morning, verily he obtains the days and nights, and making them into bricks piles them up.
He offers ten in the same place; the Viraj has ten syllables; verily having obtained the Viraj, he makes it into a brick and piles it up; verily in the Viraj he obtains the sacrifice; the piling up must be repeated by him.
Therefore that is the place of sacrifice where he advances having spent ten (nights); not suitable is the place where (he spends) less time than that  Now Vastospati is Rudra.
If he were to go on without offering to Vastospati, the fire becoming Rudra would leap after him and slay him; he offers to Vastospati; verily with his own share he appeases him; the sacrificer does not come to ruin.
If he were to offer with the chariot yoked, that would be as when one offers an oblation on a place he has left; if he were to offer without the chariot being yoked, that would be as when one offers an oblation at rest; verily no offering would be made to Vastospati .
The right (animal) is yoked, the left not yoked, and thus he offers to Vastospati; verily he does both, and appeases him completely.
If he were to offer with one (verse) he would make (it) a ladle offering; having pronounced the Puronuvakya he offers with the Yajya, to win the gods.
If he were to load his cart) after the offering, he would make Rudra enter his house.
If he were to set out without extinguishing the smouldering embers, it would be like a con fusion of the sacrifice or a burning.
This is thy birthplace in season (with these words) he places (the embers) on the kindling sticks ; this is the birthplace of Agni; verily he mounts it on its own birthplace.
Now they say, If being placed on the kindling sticks it should be lost, his fire would be dispersed, it would have to be piled up again.
With thy body, O Agni, worthy of sacrifice, come hither and mount (with these words) he makes it mount on himself; the birthplace of fire is the sacrificer; verily on its own birthplace he causes it to mount.
iii. 4. 11.
a Long life thou givest, O Agni, O god, to the giver, Sage, lord of the house, the youthful.
b Bearing the oblations, Agni, immortal, our father, Wide extending, widely refulgent, fair to see for us, With good household fire, do thou shine forth food, Mete out to uswards renown.
c O do thou, O Soma, will life for us, That we may not die, Thou that lovest praise, lord of the forest.
d Brahman of the gods, leader of poets, Sage of seers, bull of wild beasts, Eagle of vultures, axe of the forests, Soma  goeth over the seive singing.
e With our hymns to day we choose The god of all, the lord of the true, Savitr of true instigation.
f Coming with true light, Placing the mortal and the immortal, With golden car Savitr The god advanceth gazing on the worlds.
g That Aditi may accord To our cattle, our men, our kine, To our offspring, Rudra s grace.
h Harm us not in our children, our descendants, nor in our life, Harm us not in our cattle, in our horses  Smite not in anger our heroes, O Rudra, With oblations let us serve thee with honour.
i Like watchful birds swimming in water, Like the noises of the loud thundercloud, Like joyous waves breaking forth from the mountains, The praises have lauded Brhaspati.
k With comrades shouting like swans, Casting aside his stone made fetters, Brhaspati thundered towards the cows, And praised and sang in celebration perceiving them.
l Hither, O Indra, enduring wealth , Victorious, bearing all, Highest for help, do thou bring.
m O thou much invoked, thou dost endure the foes; Best be thy strength, thy gift here; Bring riches with thy right (hand), O Indra, Thou art the lord of rich rivers.
n Thou were born, in full size at once, For the drinking of Soma() when pressed, O Indra, O wise one, for pre eminence.
o Thou art mighty, O Indra, with holy power, To be adored at every pressing; Thou art an overthrower of men in every conflict, And highest song , O lord of all the people.
p The fame of Mitra, supporter of the people, Of the god is eternal, True, and most varied in fame.
q Mitra stirreth men, the wise one, Mitra supporteth earth and sky; Mitra regardeth men with unwinking (eye); To the true one, let us offer an oblation rich in ghee.
r Rich in food be that mortal, O Mitra, Who, O Aditya, seeks to follow thy law; Aided by thee he is not slain nor oppressed; Affliction cometh to him neither from near nor from afar.
s Whatever  law of thine, as men, O god Varuna, Day by day we transgress.
t Whatever wrong we mortals here do Against the host divine, Whatever breach of thy laws we make through lack of thought, For that sin, O god, harm us not.
u As gamesters cheat in dicing, What we know in truth or what we know not, All that do thou, O god, loosen as it were, And may we be dear to thee, O Varuna.