BOOK 6: YUDDA KANDA
After listening to Saranas words Shuka, pointing out all that army of Vanaras, spoke the following words to Ravana the Lord of Rakshasas. O, king! Do you observe those Vanaras resembling huge Elephants in rut, rising like banyan trees on the banks of River Ganga or Sala trees on Himalayas? Those warriors, able to change their form at will, are irresistible, equal to Daityas and Danavas, and in a battle, are endowed with the valour of the Devas.
There are twenty one thousand crores, a thousand Shankus and a hundred Vrindas of these Vanaras. These Vanaras, the attendants of Sugreeva born of Devas and Gandharvas, are able to change their form at will and always stay in Kishkindha. The two who stand there, who have the same resemblance and have the appearance of Devas, are Mainda and Dvivida. None can equal them in combat. These two, who ate ambrosion on due authorization by Brahma, are hopefully of destroying Lanka by their power."
As for that Vanara who you see there, resembling an intoxicated Elephant, who in strength and fury is able to churn up the ocean itself, it is he who came to Lanka to find Seetha and spy on you, O, Lord! See that Vanara, who was seen earlier and who appears here again. This Vanara, by whom the ocean was traversed, is the eldest son of Kesari. He is known as the son of Vayu and famously called as Hanuman. This excellent Vanara can assume any form at will. He is endowed with a good strength and form always moving like the wind god, having an uninterrupted mobility.
While yet a child, seeing the sun rise, he desired to eat it and took off to a distance of three thousand Yojanas (or twenty four thousand miles) reflecting: I shall seize hold of the sun and my hunger will not be appeased otherwise and they say, he leapt up (into the air) intoxicated as he was with his own strength. Without even reaching the sun, which is most unassailable even to Devas, sages or Rakshasas, he however fell on a mountain, where that radiant orb rises." One of the jaws of this Vanara who fell down on the head of the rock, was a little fractured. For this reason, because of his strong jaw, he is called Hanuma.
This Vanara is known to me actually through the words of my bosom friends. It is not possible to describe his strength or physical form or glory. He alone wants to destroy Lanka by his valour. How do you forget this Vanara by whom this fire was lighted and is still blazing up Lanka. Nearby is a warrior, dark of hue with eyes like lotuses, a chief warrior among Ikshvakus, his heroism is well known in the world, his sense of duty never wavers, nor does he ever transgress the righteousness, he knows to loose Brahmas weapon and is conversant with Veda, he is the most learned of the Vedic scholars, he shatters the firmament with his arrows, and rends even the earth, his anger is akin to that of Death, his valour equal to that of Indra his consort is Seetha who was taken away by you from a place called Janasthana, he is Rama who has come to wage war on you, O king! This man, having the radiance of pure gold, with a broad chest, having red eyes, with black and curled hair, standing at the right side of Rama, he is called Lakshmana, who is interested in the care and welfare of his brother, skilled in leadership of combat and excellent among the wielders of all weapons.
This Lakshmana is an angry person, difficult to be conquered, victorious, wise and mighty. He has always been the right arm of Rama and in outward moving life (of Rama). He does not indeed care for his life in the cause of Rama. He alone wishes to kill all the Rakshasas in battle. He who is standing there, taking guard at the left side of Rama, surrounded by a troop of Rakshasas he is the king Vibhishana.
He, who was consecrated as a king for Lanka by the illustrious Rama, the king of kings, is enraged really with you and is to attack us in the battle. The other whom you see as an unshakable mountain and standing in the centre of Vanaras as a Lord of all chiefs of Vanaras, with a boundless energy and who, like a Himalayan hill, very much radiating the other Vanaras by his splendour, glory, wisdom, strength and his noble descent, who occupies along with the chiefs of Army Generals, a secret place called Kishkindha, with its forests and trees and the place inaccessible because of its impassable mountains, in which is established a good fortune of Devas and human beings, whose charming and golden coloured garland with hundred lotuses is beautifying, that person is Sugreeva. This garland along with a lady called Tara as well as the permanent kingdom of Vanaras were presented to him by Rama after having killed Vali (Sugreevas brother). Wise men call a hundred lakhs as a crore. A hundred thousand crores is reckoned as a Shanku.
A hundred thousand Shankus are said to be one Maha Shanku. A hundred thousand Maha Shankus are called one Vrindam here. A hundred thousand Vrindas are said to be one Maha vrindam. A hundred thousand Mahavrindas are called one Padmam here. A hundred thousand padmas are said to be one Mahapadmam. A hundred thousand Mahapadmas are called one Kharvam here. A hundred thousand kharvas are said to be one Mahakharvam. A hundred thousand Mahakharvas are called one Samudram. A hundred thousand Samudras are said to be one Ogha here. A hundred thousand oghas are acclaimed a one Mahaugha. This Sugreeva, the king of Vanaras, having great strength and valour, always surrounded by a colossal army, is approaching you to make war, accompanied by the valiant Vibhishana and the ministers, as also a hundred thousand crores of Shankas, a thousand Mahashankus, a hundred Vrindas, a thousand mahavrindas, a hundred padmas, a thousand Mahapadmas, a hundred kharves, samudras and Mahaughas of the same number, and a crore of Mahanghas wholearmy as such is identical of an ocean. O, king! Carefully observing this army, which appears much the same as a blazing planet, prepare yourself for a great effort to get victory and take measures to avoid defeat from the enemies.