BOOK 2: AYODHYA KANDA
That night in Ayodhya, which was joyless in a weeping tone and thronged with people with tears in their throats, slowly passed over.
At sunrise, when the night had passed over, the Brahmins who place a king on the throne, together gathered at the assembly. Markandeya, Moudgalya, Vamadeva, Kasyapa,Katyayana, Goutama and the greatly famous Jabali all these Brahmans together with the ministers turned towards the excellent royal priest Vasishta and one by one spoke as follows: King Dasaratha having obtained death due to grief born of separation from his sons Rama( and Lakshmana), the night which burdened like a hundred years, has passed over with great difficulty. The monarch has gone to heaven. Rama took retreat in a forest. The brilliant Lakshmana followed suit and went along with Rama.
Both Bharata and Satrughna, the annihilator of enemies, are encamped in the beautiful house of their maternal uncle in the city of Rajagriha in the kingdom of Kekaya. Hence, let anyone here in Ikshvaku dynasty be made a king today itself lest our nation without a king should result in a collapse indeed. Lightning clouds in the sky with a great noise of thunder, will not yield rain on the land in a country without a king.
Even a fist of seeds are not disbursed in a ruler less land. In anarchy, even a son is not amenable to the control of a father nor a wife in the authority of her husband. In a rulerless land, there is no wealth. Where there is no king, there is no (faithful) wife. Another very dangerous thing is there. In a ruler less territory, how can there be truth? In a ruler less country, people do not cause to make a delightful assembly nor erect beautiful parks or temples.
In a ruler less territory, those who frequently perform sacrificial rites, those who have self restraint, those who firmly adhere to a vow as well as Brahmins do not carry out Soma sacrifices. In a rulerless land, Brahmans who obtained wealth and sacrificers in great sacrificial rites do not bestow proper gifts In a ruler less territory, festivals and gatherings exalting the kingdom in which actors, and dancers exhibit their talents are not frequently arranged In a ruler less land, litigants do not get their disputes settled and persons who have a knack for narrating stories do not gratify story lovers with their tales.
In a ruler less territory, girls adorned in gold do not go together to parks to play there in the evening. In a lord less land, lustful men do not go out to woods with ladies in speedily moving vehicles" In a lord less land, rich people living on agriculture and cattle rearing do not sleep in their abodes well protected, with their doors open
In a land without emperor, sixty year old Elephants with bells tied around their tusks, do not roam around on royal high ways In a ruler less land, the noise of plucking the bow string with the palm, produced by archers continuously discharging arrows while practicing the use of their bows, is not heard. In a rulerless land, traders who go to distant places, carrying with them several merchandises, cannot travel safely in their voyages.
In a rulerless land, a monk who wanders alone, who has subdued his senses, who mediates himself on the soul and who takes up an abode wherever evening overtakes him, cannot roam around the city. In a rulerless land gain and security are not duly established. In anarchy, army cannot conquer enemies in battle. In a rulerless land, people beautifully adorned, cannot go fast cheerfully in excellent Horses and chariots. In a rulerless land, persons skilled in sacred treatises cannot sit speaking together in forests and groves.
In a rulerless land, floral garlands, sweet meats and gifts for the sake of offering to the deities, are not arranged by the appointed persons. In a rulerless land, royal princes smeared with paste of sandal and aloe wood do not figure brilliantly like trees in a spring time. A rulerless country is like the water less rivers, like the lawn less garden and like the cowherd less Cows.
A flag is an identity for a chariot. A smoke is an identity for a fire. King Dasaratha, like a flag, was an identity for us and he has left the world for a heavenly abode. In a rulerless land, there is no ones own property for any one. Like fishes, persons always eat away each other. The atheists, who were separated from their right path and who had been tormented with punishment earlier by the king, are now without fear and are able to exercise their old temperament (due to anarchy)
As the eye sight is helpful regularly for a proper setting in motion of the body, so also a king is the cause of existence for truth and righteousness of a country. The king is truthfulness and righteousness personified in him. In a race, he belongs to a noble family. The king is a mother and a father. The king is a benefactor to people. Hence, Yama, Kubera, Indra and the very mighty Varuna are outstretched by the a high and eminent conduct. Alas! If a king is not there in the world, with his power of discrimination between good and evil, this world will be dark and nothing will be clearly perceived.
Even when the emperor was alive, we all of us did not transgress your words, only any more than an ocean transgresses its coast. O, the excellent Brahmana! After renewing the circumstances here and seeing that the kingdom is becoming a jungle without a king, you yourself anoint a youth born in Ikshvaku race or anyone here as a king.