HYMN L. Surya. 50
1 HIS bright rays bear him up aloft, the God who knoweth all that lives,
Surya, that all may look on him.
2 The constellations pass away, like thieves, together with their beams,
Before the allbeholding- Sun.
3 His herald rays are seen afar refulgent over the world of men,
Like flames of fire that burn and blaze.
4 Swift and all beautiful art thou, O Surya, maker of the light,
Illuming all the radiant realm.
5 Thou goest to the hosts of Gods, thou comest hither to mankind,
Hither all light to be beheld.
6 With that same eye of thine wherewith thou lookest brilliant Varuna,
Upon the busy race of men,
7 Traversing sky and wide midair-, thou metest with thy beams our days,
Sun, seeing all things that have birth.
8 Seven Bay Steeds harnessed to thy car bear thee, O thou farseeing One,
God, Surya, with the radiant hair.
9 Surya hath yoked the pure bright Seven, the daughters of the car; with these,
His own dear team, he goeth forth.
10 Looking upon the loftier light above the darkness we have come
To Surya, God among the Gods, the light that is most excellent.
11 Rising this day, O rich in friends, ascending to the loftier heaven,
Surya remove my hearts' disease, take from me this my yellow hue.
12 To parrots and to starlings let us give away my yellowness,
Or this my yellowness let us transfer to Haritala trees.
13 With all his conquering vigour this Aditya hath gone up on high,
Giving my foe into mine hand: let me not be my foemans' prey.
HYMN LI. Indra. 51
1 MAKE glad with songs that Ram whom many men invoke, worthy of songs of praise, Indra, the sea of
Whose gracious deeds for men spread like the heavens abroad: sing praise to him the Sage, most
liberal for our good.
2 As aids the skilful Rbhus yearned to Indra strong to save, who fills midair-, encompassed round
Rushing in rapture; and over Satakratu came the gladdening shout that urged him on to victory.
3 Thou hast disclosed the kines' stall for the Angirases, and made a way for Atri by a hundred
On Vimada thou hast bestowed both food and wealth, making thy bolt dance in the sacrificers' fight.
4 Thou hast unclosed the prisons of the waters; thou hast in the mountain seized the treasure rich
When thou hadst slain with might the dragon Vrtra, thou, Indra, didst raise the Sun in heaven for
all to see.
5 With wondrous might thou blewest enchanter fiends away, with powers celestial those who called
on thee in jest.
Thou, herohearted-, hast broken down Piprus' forts, and helped Rjisvan when the Dasyus were struck
6 Thou savedst Kutsa when Susna was smitten down; to Atithigva gavest Sambara for a prey.
even mighty Arbuda thou troddest under foot: thou from of old wast born to strike the Dasyus dead.
7 All power and might is closely gathered up in thee; thy bounteous spirit joys in drinking Soma
Known is the thunderbolt that lies within thine arms: rend off therewith all manly prowess of our
8 Discern thou well Aryas and Dasyus; punishing the lawless give them up to him whose grass is
Be thou the sacrificers' strong encourager all these thy deeds are my delight at festivals.
9 Indra gives up the lawless to the pious man, destroying by the Strong Ones those who have no
Vamra when glorified destroyed the gathered piles of the still waxing great one who would reach
10 The might which Usana hath formed for thee with might rends in its greatness and with strength
both worlds apart.
O Herosouled-, the steeds of Vata, yoked by thought, have carried thee to fame while thou art
filled with power.
11 When Indra hath rejoiced with Kavya Usana, he mounts his steeds who swerve wider and wider yet.
The Strong hath loosed his bolt with the swift rush of rain, and he hath rent in pieces Susnas'
12 Thou mountest on thy car amid strong Soma draughts: Saryata brought thee those in which thou
Indra, when thou art pleased with men whose Soma flows thou risest to unchallenged glory in the
13 To old Kaksivan, Somapresser-, skilled in song, O Indra, thou didst give the youthful Vrcaya.
Thou, very wise, wast Mena, Vrsansvas' child: those deeds of thine must all be told at Soma feasts.
14 The good mans' refuge in his need is Indra, firm as a doorpost, praised among the Pajras.
Indra alone is Lord of wealth, the Giver, lover of riches, chariots, kine, and horses.
15 To him the Mighty One, the selfresplendent-, verily strong and great, this praise is uttered.
May we and all the heroes, with the princes, be, in this fray, O Indra, in thy keeping.
HYMN LII. Indra. 52
1 I GLORIFY that Ram who finds the light of heaven, whose hundred noblynatured- ones go forth with
With hymns may I turn hither Indra to mine aid, the Car which like a strong steed hasteth to the
2 Like as a mountain on firm basis, unremoved, he, thousandfold protector, waxed in mighty
When Indra, joying in the draughts of Soma juice, forced the clouds, slaying Vrtra stayer of their
3 For he stays even the stayers, spread over laden cloud, rooted in light, strengthened in rapture
by the wise.
Indra with thought, with skilled activity, I call, most liberal giver, for he sates him with the
4 Whom those that flow in heaven on sacred grass, his own assistants, noblynatured-, fill full
like the sea,
Beside that Indra when he smote down Vrtra stood his helpers, straight in form, mighty, invincible.
5 To him, as in wild joy he fought with him who stayed the rain, his helpers sped like swift
streams down a slope,
When Indra, thunderarmed-, made bold by Soma draughts, as Trta cleaveth Valas' fences, cleft him
6 Splendour encompassed thee, forth shone thy warrior might: the rainobstructer- lay in midairs-'
What time, O Indra, thou didst cast thy thunder down upon the jaws of Vritra hard to be restrained.
7 The hymns which magnify thee, Indra, reach to thee even as waterbrooks- flow down and fill the
Tvastar gave yet more force to thine appropriate strength, and forged thy thunderbolt of
8 When, Indra, thou whose power is linked with thy Bay Steeds hadst smitten Vrtra, causing floods
to flow for man,
Thou heldst in thine arms the metal thunderbolt, and settest in the heaven the Sun for all to see.
9 In fear they raised the lofty selfresplendent- hymn, praise giving and effectual, leading up to
When Indras' helpers fighting for the good of men, the Maruts, faithful to mankind, joyed in the
10 Then Heaven himself, the mighty, at that Dragons' roar reeled back in terror when, Indra, thy
In the wild joy of Soma had struck off with might the head of Vrtra, tyrant of the earth and
11 O Indra, were this earth extended forth tenfold, and men who dwell therein multiplied day by
Still here thy conquering might, Maghavan, would be famed: it hath waxed vast as heaven in majesty
12 Thou, bold of heart, in thine own native might, for help, upon the limit of this midair- and of
Hast made the earth to be the pattern of thy strength: embracing flood and light thou reachest to
13 Thou art the counterpart of earth, the Master of lofty heaven with all its mighty Heroes:
Thou hast filled all the region with thy greatness: yea, of a truth there is none other like thee.
14 Whose amplitude the heaven and earth have not attained, whose bounds the waters of midair- have
Not, when in joy he fights the stayer of the rain: thou, and none else, hast made all things in
15 The Maruts sang thy praise in this encounter, and in thee all the Deities delighted,
What time thou, Indra, with thy spiky weapon, thy deadly bolt, smotest the face of Vrtra.
HYMN LIII. Indra. 53
1 WE will present fair praise unto the Mighty One, our hymns to Indra in Vivasvans' dwellingplace-;
For he hath Never found wealth in those who seem to sleep: those who give wealth to men accept no
2 Giver of horses, Indra, giver, thou, of kine, giver of barley, thou art Lord and guard of wealth:
Mans' helper from of old, not disappointing hope, Friend of our friends, to thee as such we sing
3 Indra, most splendid, powerful, rich in mighty deeds, this treasure spread around is known to be
Gather therefrom, O Conqueror, and bring to us: fail not the hope of him who loves and sings to
4 Well pleased with these bright flames and with these Soma drops, take thou away our poverty with
seeds and kine.
With Indra scattering the Dasyu through these drops, freed from their hate may we obtain abundant
5 Let us obtain, O Indra, plenteous wealth and food, with strength exceeding glorious, shining to
May we obtain the Goddess Providence, the strength of heroes, special source of cattle, rich in
6 These our libations strengthinspiring-, Soma draughts, gladdened thee in the fight with Vrtra,
What time thou slewest for the singer with trimmed grass ten thousand Vrtras, thou resistless in
7 Thou goest on from fight to fight intrepidly, destroying castle after castle here with strength.
Thou, Indra, with thy friend who makes the foe bow down, slewest from far away the guileful Namuci.
8 Thou hast struck down in death KaraÑja, Parnaya, in Atithigvas' very glorious going forth.
Unyielding, when Rjisvan compassed them with siege, thou hast destroyed the hundred forts of
9 With alloutstripping- chariotwheel-, O Indra, thou farfamed-, hast overthrown the twice ten
Kings of men,
With sixty thousand nineandninety— followers, who came in arms to fight with friendless Susravas.
10 Thou hast protected Susravas with succour, and Turvayana with thine aid, O Indra.
Thou madest Kutsa, Atithigva, Ayu, subject unto this King, the young, the mighty.
11 May we protected by the Gods hereafter remain thy very prosperous friends, O Indra.
Thee we extol, enjoying through thy favour life long and joyful and with store of heroes.
HYMN LIV. Indra. 54
1 URGE us not, Maghavan, to this distressful fight, for none may comprehend the limit of thy
Thou with fierce shout hast made the woods and rivers roar: did not men run in crowds together in
2 Sing hymns of praise to Sakra, Lord of power and might; laud thou and magnify Indra who heareth
Who with his daring might, a Bull exceeding strong in strength, maketh him master of the heaven
3 Sing forth to lofty Dyaus a strengthbestowing- song, the Bold, whose resolute mind hath
High glory hath the Asura, compact of strength, drawn on by two Bay Steeds: a Bull, a Car is he.
4 The ridges of the lofty heaven thou madest shake; thou, daring, of thyself smotest through
When bold with gladdening juice, thou warredst with thy bolt, sharp and twoedged-, against the
5 When with a roar that fills the woods, thou forcest down on winds' head the stores which Susna
Who shall have power to stay thee firm and eagersouled- from doing still this day what thou of old
6 Thou helpest Narya, Turvasa, and Yadu, and Vayyas' son Turviti, Satakratu!
Thou helpest horse and car in final battle thou breakest down the nineandninety— castles.
7 A herolord- is he, King of a mighty folk, who offers free oblations and promotes the Law,
Who with a bounteous guerdon welcomes hymns of praise: for him flows down the abundant stream
below the sky.
8 His power is matchless, matchless is his wisdom; chief, through their work, be some who drink
Those, Indra, who increase the lordly power, the firm heroic strength of thee the Giver.
9 Therefore for thee are these abundant beakers Indras' drink, stonepressed- juices held in ladles.
Quaff them and satisfy therewith thy longing; then fix thy mind upon bestowing treasure.
10 There darkness stood, the vault that stayed the Waters flow: in Vrtras' hollow side the
raincloud- lay concealed.
But Indra smote the rivers which the obstructer stayed, flood following after flood, down steep
11 So give us, Indra, blissincreasing- glory give us great sway and strength that conquers people.
Preserve our wealthy patrons, save our princes; vouchsafe us wealth and food with noble offspring.
HYMN LV. Indra. 55
1 THOUGH even this heavens' wide space and earth have spread them out, nor heaven nor earth may be
in greatness Indras' match.
Awful and very mighty, causing woe to men, he whets his thunderbolt for sharpness, as a bull.
2 Like as the watery ocean, so doth he receive the rivers spread on all sides in their ample width.
He bears him like a bull to drink of Soma juice, and will, as Warrior from of old, be praised for
3 Thou swayest, Indra, all kinds of great manly power, so as to bend, as it were, even that famed
Foremost among the Gods is he through hero might, set in the van, the Strong One, for each arduous
4 He only in the wood is praised by worshippers, when he shows forth to men his own fair
A friendly Bull is he, a Bull to be desired when Maghavan auspiciously sends forth his voice.
5 Yet verily the Warrior in his vigorous strength stirreth up with his might great battles for
And men have faith in Indra, the resplendent One, what time he hurleth down his bolt, his dart of
6 Though, fain for glory, and with strength increased on earth, he with great might destroys the
dwellings made with art,
He makes the lights of heaven shine forth secure, he bids, exceeding wise, the floods flow for his
7 Drinker of Soma, let thy heart incline to give; bring thy Bays hitherward, O thou who hearest
Those charioteers of thine, best skilled to draw the rein, the rapid sunbeams, Indra, lead thee
8 Thou bearest in both hands treasure that never fails; the famed One in his body holds
O Indra, in thy members many powers abide, like wells surrounded by the ministering priests.
HYMN LVI. Indra. 56
1 FOR this mans' full libations held in ladles, he hath roused him, eager, as a horse to meet the
He stays his golden car, yoked with Bay Horses, swift, and drinks the Soma juice which strengthens
for great deeds.
2 To him the guidancefollowing- songs of praise flow full, as those who seek gain go in company to
To him the Lord of power, the holy synods' might, as to a hill, with speed, ascend the loving ones.
3 Victorious, great is he; in manly battle shines, unstained with dust, his might, as shines a
Wherewith the iron one, fierce even against the strong, in rapture, fettered wily Sushna fast in
4 When Strength the Goddess, made more strong for help by thee, waits upon Indra as the Sun
attends the Dawn,
Then. he who with his might unflinching kills the gloom stirs up the dust aloft, with joy and
5 When thou with might, upon the framework of the heaven, didst fix, across, airs' region firmly,
In the lightwinning- war, Indra, in rapturous joy, thou smotest Vrtra dead and broughtest floods
6 Thou with thy might didst grasp, the holderup- of heaven, thou who art mighty also in the seats
Thou, gladdened by the juice, hast set the waters free, and broken Vrtras' stony fences through
HYMN LVII. Indra. 57
1 To him most liberal, lofty Lord of lofty wealth, verily powerful and strong, I bring my hymn,
Whose checkless bounty, as of waters down a slope, is spread abroad for all that live, to give
2 Now all this world, for worship, shall come after thee, the offerers' libations like floods to
When the wellloved- one seems to rest upon the hill, the thunderbolt of Indra, shatterer wrought
3 To him the terrible, most meet for lofty praise, like bright Dawn, now bring gifts with
reverence in this rite,
Whose being, for renown, yea, Indrapower- and light, have been created, like bay steeds, to move
4 Thine, Indra, praised by many, excellently rich! are we who trusting in thy help draw near to
Lover of praise, none else but thou receives our laud: as earth loves all her creatures, love thou
this our hymn.
5 Great is thy power, O Indra, we are thine. Fulfil, O Maghavan, the wish of this thy worshipper.
After thee lofty heaven hath measured out its strength: to thee and to thy power this earth hath
6 Thou, who hast thunder for thy weapon, with thy bolt hast shattered into pieces this broad
Thou hast sent down the obstructed floods that they may flow: thou hast, thine own for ever, all
HYMN LVIII. Agni. 58
1 Never waxeth faint the Immortal, Son of Strength, since he, the Herald, hath become Vivasvans'
On paths most excellent he measured out midair-: he with oblation calls to service of the Gods.
2 Never decaying, seizing his appropriate food, rapidly, eagerly through the dry wood he spreads.
His back, as he is sprinkled, glistens like a horse: loud hath he roared and shouted like the
heights of heaven.
3 Set high in place over all that Vasus, Rudras do, immortal, Lord of riches, seated as High
Hastening like a car to men, to those who live, the God without delay gives boons to be desired.
4 Urged by the wind be spreads through dry wood as he lists, armed with his tongues for sickles,
with a mighty roar.
Black is thy path, Agni, changeless, with glittering waves! when like a bull thou rushest eager to
5 With teeth of flame, winddriven-, through the wood he speeds, triumphant like a bull among the
herd of cows,
With bright strength roaming to the everlasting air: things fixed, things moving quake before him
as he flies.
6 The Bhrgus established thee among mankind for men, like as a treasure, beauteous, easy to invoke;
Thee, Agni, as a herald and choiceworthy- guest, as an auspicious Friend to the Celestial Race.
7 Agni, the seven tongues' deftest Sacrificer, him whom the priests elect at solemn worship,
The Herald, messenger of all the Vasus, I serve with dainty food, I ask for riches.
8 Grant, Son of Strength, thou rich in friends, a refuge without a flaw this day to us thy
O Agni, Son of Strength, with forts of iron preserve thou from distress the man who lauds thee.
9 Be thou a refuge, Bright One, to the singer, a shelter, Bounteous Lord, to those who worship.
Preserve the singer from distress, O Agni. May he, enriched with prayer, come soon and early.
HYMN LIX. Agni. 59
1 THE other fires are, verily, thy branches; the Immortals all rejoice in thee, O Agni.
Centre art thou, Vaisvanara, of the people, sustaining men like a deepfounded- pillar.
2 The forehead of the sky, earths' centre, Agni became the messenger of earth and heaven.
Vaisvanara, the Deities produced thee, a God, to be a light unto the Arya.
3 As in the Sun firm rays are set for ever, treasures are in Vaisvanara, in Agni.
Of all the riches in the hills, the waters, the herbs, among mankind, thou art the Sovran.
4 As the great Worldhalves-, so are their Sons' praises; skilled, as a man, to act, is he the
Vaisvanara, celestial, truly mighty, most manly One, hath many a youthful consort.
5 Even the lofty heaven, O Jatavedas Vaisvanara, hath not attained thy greatness.
Thou art the King of lands where men are settled, thou hast brought comfort to the Gods in battle.
6 Now will I tell the greatness of the Hero whom Purus' sons follow as Vrtras' slayer:
Agni Vaisvanara struck down the Dasyu, cleave Sambara through and shattered down his fences.
7 Vaisvanara, dwelling by his might with all men, farshining-, holy mid the Bharadvajas,
Is lauded, excellent, with hundred praises by Purunitha, son of Satavani.