Research Material

My name is Jijith Nadumuri Ravi

Welcome to AncientVoice site. This site contains 11,500 plus pages related to Mahabharata. I have been reading on the epic Mahabharata for more than 20 years. Here I am putting some of the research results so that it will benefit people who are interested in the epic literature or are doing research on it for academic purposes or for the pure joy of doing it.

Earlier Studies

I have analyzed Mahabharata in Sanskrit versions, English translations and translations in my native language Malayalam. When I go down through the memory line, I remember that it was Amar Chitra Katha comic books published by Pai Co Classics that introduced to me the stories of Mahabharata. I remember that then I was around 10 years of age. As I remember it, they first published a few stories of the Pandavas with full graphic illustrations in Mahabharata. Then they published the whole of Mahabharata (abridged) as a series. I have passionately read every line of it and painted my own paintings inspired by the paintings found in those books. One thing that impressed me was a map of India with cities mentioned in Mahabharata (places visited by the Pandavas in their journeys) which appeared in one among the Mahabharata-Amar-Chitra-Katha series.

One year later I got a big book from one of my cousin:- the Mahabharata of Dr. PS Nair. It contained all of Mahabharata (yet abridged) and expanded my knowledge on the subject. I purchased a copy myself and it became my constant companion. Some time around the same time a novelist by the name of Indrajith had published Mahabharata as a narrative novel titled 'Kurukshetra-Bhoomi-yil' in one of the leading Malayalam weekly. I had read them also with great interest. During my college days, I got full access to Mahabharata complete version in college libraries, both in English and in Sanskrit. Once I started using internet I searched for Mahabharata, but much of the material on internet emerged only after 2003 (or I was not aware of any before that time). One of the earliest such source (2004?) was where they published Ganguli's English translation of Mahabharata. When I first visited this site, full text was not available. The huge Santi Parva and Anusasana Parva and many other Parvas (books / volumes) were being proofed and added.

Earlier my study was limited to locating the place names mentioned in Mahabharata on a map of India. It was done manually on sheets of white paper since I had no software skills. My first exposure to computers and software programming was when I was studying in the ninth standard. But then I used software to visualize solar-system and movement of planets, since that was the field of interest at that time. Interest on Mahabharata returned when I was studying as a pre-degree student thanks to the full volume of Mahabharata in college libraries. During my engineering days again my focus shifted to software engineering, astronomy and computer graphics. Finally when I was working as a scientist in ISRO my interest in the subject revived, thanks to the ISRO journals on archeological findings of Saraswati river and ancient cities like Dwaraka and Ahichatra.

Recent Studies and Works on Wikipedia

In the last 5 years I have studied Kisari Mohan Ganguli's English translation of Mahabharata available at Sacrad Text. I converted the raw text into a help-file (*.hlp) so that I can access every word in the text directly. Since I found very less material on Mahabharata in internet I decided to add what I know about Mahabharata into the net. The best place to do that was Wikipedia. I added several pages to Wikipedia (around 150 I think) on the subject. I also created illustrative maps and images for enhancing the clarity. Digital maps of ancient Indian kingdoms, ancient Indian cities, the probable routes traversed by Rama (in Ramayana) and the Pandavas were all created and added to Wikipedia. Since I am also an artist some time the interest shift to visualizing events in Mahabharata. Hence I also created digital paintings of the assembly house of Yudhishthira, the burning of Khandava forest, the construction of the assembly house at Indraprastha and many others like the images of Vyasa, Ugrasrava Sauti, Janamejaya, Aruni, Upamanyu etc. Some of it can be seen in my user page in Wikipedia:- Wikipedia User Jijith

Thus I have tried to focus all my expertise as a software professional, as a researcher and as an artist into the topic of exploring this great epic called Mahabharata.

Recently, I have subjected the full English text to software analysis. For this I wrote parsing software, which will analyze the English text sentence by sentence and then find out unique nouns in the whole text and then analyze bondings or affinities between nouns. One of my objective was to find the unique nouns contained in the epic Mahabharata. I could identify around 7500 unique nouns in Mahabharata. These nouns can be broadly classified into names of people (sages, kings, women, warriors, divinities etc), names of places (kingdoms, cities, rivers, mountains, lakes, forests, regions etc), names of tribes, names of castes and occupations, names of rituals, ritual-terms, philosophical terms, names of various bodies of knowledge, names of plants, animals and birds, names of food items, fruits and vegetables, battle-terms, names of weapons, names of various objects, materials and substances.

These results are published in the public domain licensed under Creative Commons. All the images, data-sheets and other illustrations can be freely used. I expect some references to me or to this site is given whenever the material available in this site is used elsewhere. I have been working hard on this topic for many years. Hence, if the material found in this site is found useful to you, some appreciation is always welcome :)

Jijith Nadumuri Ravi

List of Unique Nouns in Mahabharata

Find below the List of Unique Nouns in Mahabharata in alphabetical order:-

Alphabetical List of Unique Nouns in Mahabharata

List of Categories of Unique Nouns in Mahabharata

All the nouns numbering around 7500 are categorized into various categories for further analysis. The categories are not absolute compartments. For example one noun can fall in more than one category. Examples of categories are, Place Name, Tribe Names, Names of Kingdoms, Rivers, Lakes, Mountains and Forests, Names of Sages, Kings, Warriors and Women, Names of Rituals, Ritual Terms, Philosophical Terms, Military Terminologies, Names of Objects and Substances etc.

Find below the List of Categories of nouns in Mahabharata:-

Leaf Level: List of Categories of Unique Nouns in Mahabharata

Find below the List of Higher Level Categories of nouns in Mahabharata:-

Higher Level: Higher Level Categories

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Created by Jijith Nadumuri at 07 Feb 2010 09:25 and updated at 25 Dec 2011 16:21

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