Sraddhas

Created by Jijith Nadumuri at 06 Mar 2010 06:13 and updated at 06 Mar 2010 06:13

Mahabharata: 18 Parvas

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MAHABHARATA NOUN

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Mbh.1.85.4760 He gratified the gods by his sacrifices; the pitris, by Sraddhas; the poor, by his charities; all excellent Brahmanas, by fulfilling their desires; all persons entitled to the rites of hospitality, with food and drink; the Vaisyas, by protection; and the Sudras, by kindness.
Mbh.3.189.9573 And men will cease to gratify the gods by offerings of Sraddhas.
Mbh.3.199.10117 One should feed Brahmanas with care on occasions of Sraddhas, although those among them that are cursed or fallen should be excluded.
Mbh.3.199.10120 If they that are to be employed in Sraddhas happen to be dumb, blind, or deaf, care should be taken to employ them along with Brahmanas conversant with the Vedas.
Mbh.7.57.2674 Seniors had never to perform Sraddhas of their juniors
Mbh.7.65.2834 In his very sight the gods used to take the libations of clarified butter poured into the fire for them, and the Pitris the food that was offered to them, in Sraddhas.
Mbh.7.71.3126 That end which overtakes the wretch of ruthless soul who without supporting a righteous and obedient protege casts him off, or him who, without giving unto a deserving neighbour the offerings in Sraddhas, giveth them away unto those that deserve them not, that end which is his who drinks wine, or his who insults those that are worthy of respect, or his who is ungrateful, or his who speaketh ill of his brothers, that end shall soon be mine if I do not stay Jayadratha!
Mbh.12.74.4216 The offerings with Swaha and Swadha in Sraddhas and sacrifices are always asked from children by the Pitris and the deities.
Mbh.12.89.5036 The deities receive no worship, the Pitris no offerings in Sraddhas, and guests no hospitality, when sinfulness is not restrained.
Mbh.12.97.5419 Amvarisha said, Having duly governed the whole earth bounded by the seas, having from desire of earning religious merit practised all those duties that are common to the four orders as declared by the scriptures, having practised with rigid austerity all the duties of the Brahmacharya mode, having waited with dutiful obedience upon my preceptors and other reverend seniors, having studied with due observances the Vedas and the scriptures on kingly duties, having gratified guests with food and drink, the Pitris with offerings in Sraddhas, the Rishis with attentive study of the scriptures and with initiation under proper forms into the mysteries of religion, and the gods with many excellent and high sacrifices, having duly observed Kshatriya duties according to the injunctions of the scriptures, having cast my eyes fearlessly upon hostile troops, I won many victories in battle, O Vasava!
Mbh.12.109.6203 They that perform Sraddhas on the proper lunar days, with pure minds, from desire of offspring, succeed in overcoming all difficulties.
Mbh.12.121.6918 The deity of Sraddhas viz, Manu, gave it unto his sons for the sake of true righteousness and wealth.
Mbh.12.227.14109 Persons who are illiterate and ignorant have begun to be fed at Sraddhas
Mbh.12.296.18495 Compassion, abstention from injury, heedfulness, giving to others what is due to them, Sraddhas in honour of deceased ancestors, hospitality to guests, truthfulness, subjugation of wrath, contentedness with one's own wedded wives, purity both internal and external, freedom from malice, knowledge of Self, and Renunciation, these duties, O king, are common to all the orders.
Mbh.12.342.22547 Aditi reminded Vivaswat at that time of the curse of Vudha, and it is for that reason that Vivaswat, the deity who is adorned in Sraddhas, coming out of the womb of Aditi, came to be called by the name of Martanda.
Mbh.13.22.3228 Yudhishthira said, If Brahmanas observant of the vow of Brahmacharyya in this world solicit the offerings one makes unto one's deceased ancestors in Sraddhas I ask, can the Sraddha be regarded well-performed, if the performer actually makes over those offerings unto such Brahmanas.
Mbh.13.22.3229 Bhishma said, If, having practised the vow of Brahmacharyya for the prescribed period of twelve years and acquired proficiency in the Vedas and their branches, a Brahmana himself solicits the offering made in Sraddhas and eats the same, he is regarded to fall away from his vow.
Mbh.13.22.3236 Those foolish men who do give unto a Brahmana observant of the vow of Brahmacharyya the offerings made in Sraddhas unto one's deceased ancestors, have to go, O monarch into regions of great misery'
Mbh.13.23.3276 SECTION XXIII Yudhishthira said, I desire thee, O grandsire, to tell me what the ordinances are that have been laid down by the acts touching the deities and the deceased ancestors on occasions of Sraddhas'
Mbh.13.23.3287 The food offered by the three regenerate classes in Sraddhas, in which Mantras are either not uttered or uttered incorrectly and in which the ordinances laid down in the scriptures are not complied with, if distributed to guests and other people, is appropriated by Rakshasas.
Mbh.13.23.3291 All Brahmanas that have been outcasted on account of the commission of heinous sins, as also Brahmanas that are idiots and out of mind, do not deserve to be invited to Sraddhas in which offerings are made to either the deities or the Pitris.
Mbh.13.23.3299 Those Brahmanas whose antecedents are not known or are vile, and they that are Putrika-putras, do not, O king, deserve to be invited on occasions of Sraddhas
Mbh.13.23.3301 Persons who have been subjugated by their wives, or they who live by becoming the paramours of unchaste women, or they who abstain from their morning and evening prayers do not deserve, O king, to be invited to Sraddhas'
Mbh.13.23.3303 Indeed, I shall tell thee what those merits, are in consequence of which one may become a giver or a recipient of gifts in Sraddhas notwithstanding the faults mentioned above
Mbh.13.23.3304 Those Brahmanas that are observant of the rites and ceremonies laid down in the scriptures, or they that are possessed of merit, or they that are conversant with the Gayatri, or they that are observant of the ordinary duties of Brahmanas, even if they happen to betake themselves to agriculture for a living, are capable, O king, of being invited to Sraddhas.
Mbh.13.23.3305 If a Brahmana happens to be wellborn, he deserves to be invited to Sraddhas notwithstanding his profession of arms for fighting the battle of others
Mbh.13.23.3307 The Brahmana who pours libations every day on the sacred fire, or who resides in a fixed habitation, who is not a thief and who does the duties of hospitality to guests arrived at his house, deserves, O king, to be invited to Sraddhas.
Mbh.13.23.3308 The Brahmana, O chief of Bharata's race, who recites the Savitri morning, noon, and night, or who subsists upon eleemosynary charity, who is observant of the rites and ceremonies laid down in the scriptures for persons of his order, deserves, O king, to be invited to Sraddhas
Mbh.13.23.3309 That Brahmana who having earned wealth in the morning becomes poor in the afternoon, or who poor in the morning becomes wealthy in the evening or who is destitute of malice, or is stained by a minor fault, deserves, O king, to be invited to Sraddhas.
Mbh.13.23.3311 One who is not observant of vows, or who is addicted to falsehood in both speech and conduct, who is a thief, or who subsists by the sale of living creatures or by trade in general, becomes worthy of invitation to Sraddhas, O king, if he happens to offer all to the deities first and subsequently drink Soma.
Mbh.13.23.3312 That man who having acquired wealth by foul or cruel means subsequently spends it in adoring the deities and discharging the duties of hospitality, becomes worthy, O king, of being invited to Sraddhas.
Mbh.13.23.3339 That person, belonging to any of the three higher orders, O Yudhishthira, who at Sraddhas and on other occasions distributes food with the aid of Mantras, unto such Brahmanas as do not study the Vedas and as are not observant of vows, or as have not purified their conduct, certainly incurs sin'
Mbh.13.46.4800 There are no Sraddhas which they are called upon to perform.
Mbh.13.57.5662 By performing Sraddhas every day in honour of one's Pitris manes, one acquires a large number of children.
Mbh.13.62.6081 Hence, on occasions of Sraddhas, the man of learning should recite these verses on the subject of the merits that attach to gifts of earth, in the presence and hearing of the invited Brahmanas when engaged in eating.
Mbh.13.63.6118 Like tillers expecting auspicious showers of rain, the Pitris always expect that their sons and grandsons would make offerings unto them of food in Sraddhas.
Mbh.13.66.6306 No earth need be purchased here for performing Sraddhas.
Mbh.13.68.6430 The gift of sesame at Sraddhas is applauded.
Mbh.13.69.6486 What creatures can be more sacred than kine when with the very dung of kine altars whereon Sraddhas are performed in honour of the Pitris, or those whereon the deities are worshipped, are cleansed and sanctified?
Mbh.13.71.6674 Engaged in performing Sraddhas in honour of the Pitris and in all acts of righteousness, they used to make, according to the extent of their power, gifts of kine, and as the reward of those acts they have attained to heaven and are shining in effulgence for such righteousness.
Mbh.13.88.8014 With sesame seeds and rice and barley and Masha and water and roots and fruits, if given at Sraddhas, the Pitris, O king, remain gratified for the period of a month
Mbh.13.88.8017 With fishes offered at Sraddhas, the Pitris remain gratified for a period of two months.
Mbh.13.89.8034 SECTION LXXXIX Bhishma continued, Listen to me, O Yudhishthira, as I tell thee what those optional Sraddhas are that should be performed under the different constellations and that were first spoken of by Yama unto king Sasavindu
Mbh.13.90.8060 SECTION XC Yudhishthira said, It behoves thee, O foremost one of Kuru's race, to tell me unto what kind of Brahmanas, O grandsire, should the offers made at Sraddhas be given away'
Mbh.13.90.8065 In Sraddhas, however, O monarch, the man of intelligence should examine the Brahmanas to be employed for assisting the doers of the Sraddha in getting through the ritual and making gifts unto them of the offerings made to the Pitris.
Mbh.13.90.8070 Persons conversant with the Vedas say that the offerings made at Sraddhas, if eaten by such Brahmanas, go to fill the stomachs of Rakshasas instead of filling those of the Pitris, O, Yudhishthira.
Mbh.13.90.8072 The offerings made at Sraddhas if presented to a Brahmana who sells Soma, become converted into human ordure; if presented to a Brahmana who is engaged in the practice of Medicine, they become converted into pus and blood; if presented to one who lives by setting up a deity, they fail to produce any fruit; if presented to one who lives upon the interest of loans they lead to infamy; if presented to one who is engaged in trade, they become productive of no fruits either here or hereafter.
Mbh.13.90.8074 They who present the Havya and Kavya offered at Sraddhas unto such Brahmanas as are divested of the duties ordained for them and of those rules of good conduct that persons of their order should observe, find such presents productive of no merits hereafter.
Mbh.13.90.8079 Whatever offerings made at Sraddhas are eaten by one with his head wrapped round with a cloth, whatever is eaten by one with face southwards, and whatever is eaten with shoes or sandals on all goes to gratify the Asuras.
Mbh.13.90.8081 Dogs, and such Brahmanas as are polluters of lines, should not be allowed to cast their eyes upon the offerings made at Sraddhas.
Mbh.13.90.8082 For this reason, Sraddhas should be performed in a spot that is properly hedged around or concealed from the view.
Mbh.13.90.8092 He who reads the Atharva-siras, who is devoted to the observance of Brahmacharya practices, and who is steady in observance of righteous vows, who is truthful and of righteous conduct, and who is duly observant of the duties laid down for his order, they also that have undergone fatigue and labour for bathing in the waters of tirthas, that have undergone the final bath after performing sacrifices with proper Mantras that are freed from the sway of wrath, that are not restless, that are endued with forgiving dispositions, that are self-restrained masters of their senses, and they are devoted to the good of all creatures, these should be invited to Sraddhas.
Mbh.13.90.8103 For these reasons, O king, thou shouldst properly examine the Brahmanas before inviting them to Sraddhas.
Mbh.13.90.8105 He who performs Sraddhas for feeding only his friends and whose Havi does not gratify the deities and the Pitris, fails to ascend to Heaven.
Mbh.13.90.8111 The Havi and the Kavi offered at Sraddhas should be served unto them that are neither friends nor foes but are only indifferent or neutral.
Mbh.13.90.8114 The offerings made at Sraddhas should not be given to him even as libations should not be poured on the ashes of the sacrificial fire.
Mbh.13.90.8115 When the offerings made at Sraddhas are exchanged by the performers with one another instead of being given away unto worthy persons, they come to be regarded as Pisacha presents.
Mbh.13.90.8124 The offerings made at Sraddhas should be given unto those that are devoted to knowledge.
Mbh.13.90.8126 Those men should never be fed on occasions of Sraddhas who speak ill of Brahmanas in course of conversation in the midst of assemblies.
Mbh.13.90.8130 Whether one likes them or feels a dislike for them, one should give unto such Brahmanas the offerings made at Sraddhas.
Mbh.13.91.8136 What are those Sraddhas in which fruits and roots are to be offered?
Mbh.13.91.8137 What species' also of paddy should be avoided in Sraddhas?
Mbh.13.91.8168 Who else than the Self-born could ordain this ritual in Sraddhas?
Mbh.13.91.8169 I shall presently tell thee, O son, the excellent ordinance laid down in respect of Sraddhas.
Mbh.13.91.8174 The Earth also, as the goddess that sustains the offerings made at Sraddhas, should then be praised under the names of Vaishnavi, Kasyapi, and the inexhaustible
Mbh.13.91.8179 For all these shares have been ordained of the offerings made at Sraddhas.
Mbh.13.91.8180 By adoring all these deities at Sraddhas, the ancestors of the persons performing them become freed from all sins.
Mbh.13.91.8183 I shall now mention the names of those high-souled deities who deserve shares of the offerings made at Sraddhas.
Mbh.13.91.8188 The species of paddy which should not be offered at Sraddhas are those called Kodrava, and Pulka.
Mbh.13.91.8190 The other articles that should not be offered at Sraddhas are the flesh of the domesticated hog, the meat of all animals not slaughtered at sacrifices, Nigella sativa, salt of the variety called Vid, the potherb that is called Sitapaki, all sprouts like those of the bamboo, and also the Trapa bispinosa.
Mbh.13.91.8191 All kinds of salt should be excluded from the offerings made at Sraddhas, and also the fruits of the Eugenia Jamblana.
Mbh.13.91.8192 All articles, again, upon which any one has spat or upon which tears have fallen should not be offered at Sraddhas.
Mbh.13.92.8198 Firmly devoted to the discharge of all duties, the Rishis, having performed Sraddhas, began to also offer oblations unto the Pitris of sacred waters, with attention.
Mbh.13.92.8202 Approaching Soma they said, Alas, great is our affliction in consequence of the food that is offered to us at Sraddhas.
Mbh.13.92.8207 The deities, O illustrious one, with the food that is offered us in sacrifices and Sraddhas, we are being exceedingly afflicted.
Mbh.13.92.8213 It is for this reason also that in making offerings at Sraddhas a share is first offered to the deity of fire, O king.
Mbh.13.92.8233 Through Sraddhas performed on earth the deceased members of one race become freed from a position of misery.
Mbh.13.92.8234 I have thus, O prince of Kuru's race, expounded to thee agreeably with the scriptures, the ordinances in respect of Sraddhas.
Mbh.13.94.8595 Let him feed friends at Sraddhas performed by him!
Mbh.13.115.10242 In Sraddhas, however, that are performed in honour of the Pitris, persons for their own good should make offerings of diverse kinds of meat.
Mbh.13.115.10243 Thou hast said so while discoursing formerly upon the ordinances in respect of Sraddhas.
Mbh.13.125.10876 I desire to bear this, that is, what are the ends attained by the rice-balls offered at Sraddhas when thus disposed of by being cast into the water, given to the spouse, and thrown into the blazing fire!
Mbh.13.126.10996 As regards Rishis possessed of wealth of penances, they always avoid all creatures both before and behind, as also all that is impure while performing Sraddhas
Mbh.13.126.11003 Dharma said, The offerings made in all rites in honour of the deities and in those in honour of the Pitris should never be given away to a Brahmana that has accepted service under the king, or that rings the bell or attends to subsidiary duties in acts of worship or at Sraddhas, or that keeps kine, or that is engaged in trade, or that follows some art as a profession, or that is an actor, or that quarrels with friends or that is destitute of Vedic studies, or that marries a Sudra woman.
Mbh.13.127.11064 The deities do not accept the libations poured upon the fire on the occasion of Sraddhas and rites in their honour or on the occasion of those rites that are performable on ordinary lunar days or on the especially sacred days of the full moon and the new moon, if they behold a woman in her season of impurity or one that is the daughter of a mother afflicted with leprosy.
Mbh.13.127.11068 It is by observing all these that the offerings made at Sraddhas become inexhaustible'
Mbh.13.128.11082 That man who thinks it all right when a Sudra ignites the fire upon which he is to pour libations or who does not see any fault when women who are incompetent to assist at Sraddhas and other rites are allowed to assist at them, really becomes stained with sin.
Mbh.13.129.11094 SECTION CXXIX Lomasa said, The Pitris of those men who, without having wedded wives of their own, betake themselves to the wives of other people, become filled with disappointment when the time for the Sraddhas comes.
Mbh.13.145.12143 There are others who are observant of vows and who are devoted to the duty of performing Sraddhas.
Mbh.14.90.4028 The grandsires have been gratified with Sraddhas.
Mbh.15.2.47 On days of performing the rites ordained for the Pitris, as also in the Sraddhas performed for his sons and all well-wishers, the high-souled Kuru king Dhritarashtra, gave away unto Brahmanas, as each deserved, as profuse measures of wealth as he liked.
Mbh.15.3.118 I have with thy help made large gifts and performed Sraddhas repeatedly
Mbh.15.11.553 O foremost of men, let not Dhritarashtra perform those Sraddhas.
Mbh.15.39.1661 On twelfth day, the king, properly purified, duly performed the Sraddhas of his deceased relations, which were characterised by gifts in abundance.
Mbh.17.1.20 He then duly performed the Sraddhas of all those deceased kinsmen of his.
Jijith.JPG
Jijith Nadumuri Ravi
Research data published for the interest of people researching on Mahabharata.
Suggestions are welcome: email:moc.liamg|rnhtijij#moc.liamg|rnhtijij
Reference:- Mahabharata of Krishna Dwaipayana Vyasa, translated to English by Kisari Mohan Ganguli; Source of Plain Text: www.sacred-texts.com; Wikified at AncientVoice.

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