Pitris

Created by Jijith Nadumuri at 01 Mar 2010 13:09 and updated at 01 Mar 2010 13:09

Mahabharata: 18 Parvas

01
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
02
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
03
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
04
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
05
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
06
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
07
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
08
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
09
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
10
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18

-

11
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27

12
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34!
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
13
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
14
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
15
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39

16
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

17
1
2
3

18
1
2
3
4
5
6

MAHABHARATA NOUN

See All Nouns, See All Categories

Mbh.1.1.27 Then appeared the man of inconceivable nature whom all the Rishis know and so the Viswe-devas, the Adityas, the Vasus, and the twin Aswins; the Yakshas, the Sadhyas, the Pisachas, the Guhyakas, and the Pitris.
Mbh.1.1.87 Of those, thirty hundred thousand are known in the world of the Devas; fifteen hundred thousand in the world of the Pitris: fourteen hundred thousand among the Gandharvas, and one hundred thousand in the regions of mankind.
Mbh.1.1.88 Narada recited them to the Devas, Devala to the Pitris, and Suka published them to the Gandharvas, Yakshas, and Rakshasas: and in this world they were recited by Vaisampayana, one of the disciples of Vyasa, a man of just principles and the first among all those acquainted with the Vedas.
Mbh.1.2.260 The Pitris then said, So shall it be.
Mbh.1.3.705 And with the cloth so woven, ye have established two courses of action appertaining respectively to the Devas and the Pitris.
Mbh.1.7.1062 With the butter that is poured upon my flame according to the injunctions prescribed in the Vedas, the Devas and the Pitris are appeased.
Mbh.1.7.1063 The Devas are the waters; the Pitris are also the waters.
Mbh.1.7.1064 The Devas have with the Pitris an equal right to the sacrifices called Darshas and Purnamasas.
Mbh.1.7.1065 The Devas therefore are the Pitris and the Pitris, the Devas.
Mbh.1.7.1067 The Devas and the Pitris eat what is poured upon me.
Mbh.1.7.1068 I am therefore called the mouth of the Devas and the Pitris.
Mbh.1.7.1069 At the new moon the Pitris, and at the full moon the Devas, are fed through my mouth, eating of the clarified butter that is poured on me.
Mbh.1.45.2316 And the Pitris in that hole were without food, emaciated, pitiable, and eagerly desirous of salvation.
Mbh.1.45.2326 The Pitris said, Venerable Brahmacharin, thou desirest to relieve us.
Mbh.1.45.2345 If thou meetest him, O, tell him, from thy kindness to ourselves, Thy Pitris, in sorrow, are hanging with faces downwards in a hole.
Mbh.1.46.2365 And from sorrow he spoke unto those Pitris in words obstructed by tears'
Mbh.1.46.2370 The Pitris replied, saying, O son, by good luck hast thou arrived at this spot in course of thy rambles.
Mbh.1.46.2373 Ye Pitris, this desire hath always existed in my heart that I would, with vital seed drawn up, carry this body to the other world.
Mbh.1.46.2382 And ye Pitris of mine, ye shall live for ever in blessedness and without fear'
Mbh.1.46.2383 Sauti continued, The Muni, having said so unto the Pitris, wandered over the earth again.
Mbh.1.62.3007 He that causeth even a single foot of this poem to be heard by Brahmanas during the performance of a Sraddha, maketh that Sraddha inexhaustible, the Pitris becoming ever gratified with the articles once presented to them.
Mbh.1.63.3080 But that very day the Pitris of Vasu came unto that best of monarchs and foremost of wise men, and asked him to slay deer for their Sraddha.
Mbh.1.63.3081 And the king, thinking that the command of the Pitris should not be disobeyed, went a-hunting thinking of Girika alone who was gifted with great beauty and like unto another Sri herself.
Mbh.1.74.4047 The Pitris have said that the son continueth the race and the line and is, therefore, the best of all religious acts.
Mbh.1.75.4149 And king Nahusha supported evenly the Pitris, the celestials, the Rishis, the Brahmanas, the Gandharvas, the Nagas, the Rakshasas, the Kshatriyas, and the Vaisyas.
Mbh.1.75.4156 He ruled the whole Earth, performed numerous sacrifices, worshipped the Pitris with great reverence, and always respected the gods.
Mbh.1.86.4828 Having his mind and passions under complete control, the king gratified by sacrifices the Pitris and the gods.
Mbh.1.100.5572 Then sacrifices in honour of the gods, the Rishis, and Pitris commenced, and no creature was deprived of life sinfully.
Mbh.1.119.6405 I shall offer oblations to the Pitris manes and the gods with speech, water and the fruits of the wilderness.
Mbh.1.120.6425 The Rishis answered, There will be a great gathering today, in the abode of Brahman, of celestials, Rishis and Pitris.
Mbh.1.126.6786 After the completion of the first rites in honour of the dead, let the virtuous Pandu, who had all along been the supporter of the dignity of the Kurus, have the first annual Sraddha sapindakarana performed with a view to installing him formally among the Pitris'
Mbh.1.161.8414 If thou, my father, diest and my brother followeth thee, the funeral cake of the Pitris will be suspended and they will be greatly injured.
Mbh.1.172.8762 O Gandharva, this sacred Ganga again, flowing through the celestial region is called there the Alakananda, It hath again in the region of the Pitris become the Vaitarani, difficult of being crossed by sinners, and, Krishna-Dwaipayana himself hath said so.
Mbh.1.176.9013 Hearing these words of Viswamitra, Vasishtha said, O sinless one, this cow hath been kept by me for the sake of the gods, guests, and the Pitris, as also for my sacrifices.
Mbh.1.180.9222 The Pitris, then, learning what the child of their race was about, all came from their own region unto the Rishi and addressing him said: Aurva, O son, fierce thou hast been in thy asceticism.
Mbh.1.181.9238 SECTION CLXXXII Chaitraratha Parva continued The Gandharva said, Vasishtha after this, continued the narration saying, Hearing these words of the Pitris, Aurva, O child, replied unto them to this effect: Ye Pitris, the vow I have made from anger for the destruction of all the worlds, must not go in vain.
Mbh.1.181.9245 Ye Pitris, when those wretches of Kshatriyas began to exterminate the Bhrigus together with unborn children of their race, it was then that wrath filled my soul.
Mbh.1.181.9256 Vasishtha continued, The Pitris replied saying, O, throw this fire that is born of thy wrath and that desireth to consume the worlds, into the waters.
Mbh.1.211.10396 All ceremonies in honour of the Pitris were suspended, and the sacred sound of Vashat and the whole circle of auspicious rites ceased.
Mbh.1.230.11242 Having reached the opposite shores of asceticism, O Bharata, he left his human form and went to the region of the Pitris.
Mbh.2.6.300 And they are ever worshipped by the gods and the Pitris, the Sadhyas, under-deities called Gana, by ascetics offering sacrifices, with souls under complete command, by peaceful Munis engaged without intermission in Vedic sacrifices with presents to Brahmanas.
Mbh.2.8.351 These and many others are present at the Sabha of the king of the Pitris manes.
Mbh.2.8.360 Such, O monarch, is the Sabha, of the illustrious king of the Pitris!
Mbh.2.11.438 The twenty tribes of the Gandharvas and Apsaras, as also their seven other tribes, and all the Lokapalas chief protectors of several regions, and Sukra, and Vrihaspati, and Vudha, and Angaraka Mangala, Sani, Rahu, and the other planets; the Mantras of the Sama Veda, the special Mantras of the same Veda; the rites of Harimat and Vasumat, the Adityas with Indra, the two Agnis mentioned by name viz Agnisoma and Indragni, the Marutas, Viswakarman, and the Vasus, O Bharata; the Pitris, and all kinds of sacrificial libations, the four Vedas.
Mbh.2.11.439 viz, Rig, Sama, Yajuh, and Atharva; all Sciences and branches of learning; Histories and all minor branches of learning; the several branches of the Vedas; the planets, the Sacrifices, the Soma, all the deities; Savitri Gayatri, the seven kinds of rhyme; Understanding, Patience, Memory, Wisdom, Intelligence, Fame, Forgiveness; the Hymns of the Sama Veda; the Science of hymns in general, and various kinds of Verses and Songs; various Commentaries with arguments, all in their personified forms, O king, and various Dramas and Poems and Stories and abridged Glosses, these also, and many others wait upon the Supreme Deity in that Sabha, Kshanas, Lavas, Muhurtas, Day, Night, Fortnights, Months, the six Seasons, O Bharata, Years, Yugas, the four kinds of Days and Nights viz, appearing to man, to the Pitris, to the gods, and to Brahma and that eternal, indestructible, undeteriorating, excellent Wheel of Time and also the Wheel of Virtue, these always wait there.
Mbh.2.11.441 The Adityas, Vasus, Rudras, Marutas, Aswinas, the Viswadevas Sadhyas, and the Pitris gifted with the speed of the mind; these all wait there upon the Grandsire.
Mbh.2.11.442 And, O bull amongst men, know thou that there are seven classes of Pitris, of which four classes have embodied forms and the remaining three without embodied forms.
Mbh.2.11.443 It is well known that the illustrious Vairajas and Agniswattas and Garhapattyas three classes of Pitris range in heaven.
Mbh.2.11.444 And those amongst the Pitris that are called the Somapas, the Ekasringras, the Chaturvedas, and the Kalas, are ever worshipped amongst the four orders of men.
Mbh.2.11.446 All these tribes of Pitris wait upon the Lord of the creation and cheerfully worship the Supreme Deity of immeasurable energy.
Mbh.2.12.465 O Brahmana, how didst thou also meet with my father, the exalted Pandu, now a guest in the region of the Pitris?
Mbh.2.45.1861 And thou wilt behold Siva, tall and white as the Kailasa cliff and seated on his bull, gazing unceasingly towards the direction south presided over by the king of the Pitris.
Mbh.3.3.198 For the acquisition of prosperity, I bow down to thee, O Bhaskara, blazing like unto gold or fire, who is worshipped of the gods and the Pitris and the Yakshas, and who is adored by Asuras, Nisacharas, and Siddhas.
Mbh.3.3.220 The Guhyas and the seven orders of the Pitris, both divine and human, have attained superiority by adoring thee alone.
Mbh.3.30.1433 O son of Pritha, thou ever worshippest Brahmanas, and gods, and the Pitris, with Swadhas, and other forms of worship!
Mbh.3.36.1903 And they duly performed all the rites in honour of the Pitris, the celestials and the Brahmanas
Mbh.3.41.2185 And there came also Yama himself, of great beauty, the powerful destroyer of all the worlds, accompanied by those lords of the creation, the Pitris, both embodied and disembodied.
Mbh.3.42.2263 He then, duly and according to the ordinance, gratified the Pitris with oblations of water.
Mbh.3.81.3949 And while living there, the resplendent one gratified with his oblations the Pitris, the gods and the Rishis, according to the rites inculcated in the scriptures.
Mbh.3.82.3990 The person who, devoted to the worship of the gods and the Pitris, batheth in this tirtha, obtaineth, it hath been said by the wise, merit that is equal to ten times that of the horse-sacrifice.
Mbh.3.82.4004 One that goeth to Jamvu-marga which is resorted to by the celestials, the Rishis, and the Pitris, acquireth the merit of the horse-sacrifice and the fruition of all his wishes.
Mbh.3.82.4009 He that goeth to the lake of Agastya and occupieth himself with the worship of the Pitris and celestials, fasting for three nights, acquireth, O king, the fruit of the Agnishtoma.
Mbh.3.82.4014 He who with regulated diet and vows worshippeth the Pitris and the gods there, obtaineth the fruit of a sacrifice that is capable of bestowing the fruition of all one's desires.
Mbh.3.82.4022 Having arrived then at the Narmada, that river celebrated over the three worlds, and given oblations of water to the Pitris and the gods, one acquireth the fruit of the horse-sacrifice.
Mbh.3.82.4034 He that with subdued soul batheth in the tirtha of the king of waters, and giveth oblations of water unto the Pitris and the gods, living there for three nights, blazeth forth like the Moon, and obtaineth also the fruit of the horse-sacrifice.
Mbh.3.82.4042 And bathing there and giving oblations of water to the Pitris, the Rishis, and the gods one acquireth, O bull of the Bharata race, the region of Varuna, and blazeth forth in effulgence of his own.
Mbh.3.82.4052 And, O thou best of the Kurus, by bathing there with subdued soul and rapt attention, and giving oblations of water unto the gods and the Pitris one ascendeth unto the region of Vishnu and is adored there.
Mbh.3.82.4068 Proceeding next to Vitasta and giving oblations of water unto the Pitris and the gods, a man, O Bharata, obtaineth the fruit of the Vajapeya sacrifice.
Mbh.3.82.4073 Men of wisdom say that a gift made here in honour of the Pitris, becometh inexhaustible.
Mbh.3.82.4074 The Rishis, the Pitris, the gods, the Gandharvas, several tribes of Apsaras, the Guhyakas, the Kinnaras, the Yakshas, the Siddhas, the Vidhyadharas, the Rakshasas, Daityas, Rudras, and Brahma himself, O king, having with subdued senses, accepted a course of austerities for a thousand years in order to move Vishnu to grace, cooked rice in milk and butter and gratified Kesava with oblations, each offered with seven Riks.
Mbh.3.83.4143 Bathing there and worshipping the Pitris and the gods, one obtaineth, O king, the merit of the horse-sacrifice and becometh successful in everything.
Mbh.3.83.4147 Gratified with the oblations those Rishis then addressed Rama and said, O Rama, O Rama, O thou of great good fortune, we have been gratified with thee, O thou of the Bhrigu race, for this thy regard for the Pitris, and thy prowess, O exalted one!
Mbh.3.83.4150 Thus addressed by them, Rama, that foremost of smiters, said with joined hands these words unto the Pitris, stationed in the firmament, If ye have been gratified with me, if I have deserved your favour, I desire this favour of the Pitris, viz, that I may have pleasure again in ascetic austerities.
Mbh.3.83.4153 The Pitris, hearing these blessed words of Rama, were highly gratified, and filled with joy they answered him saying, Let thy asceticism increase in consequence of thy regard for the Pitris.
Mbh.3.83.4157 And if one, bathing in these lakes, offereth oblations of the water thereof to the Pitris, the latter gratified with him will grant him desire, difficult of fulfilment in the world as also eternal heaven'
Mbh.3.83.4158 O king, having granted him these boons, the Pitris joyfully saluted Rama of the Bhrigu race and disappeared there and then.
Mbh.3.83.4166 Repairing next with subdued soul to the tirtha called Sree, one acquires, by bathing there and worshipping the Pitris and the gods, high prosperity.
Mbh.3.83.4168 Bathing there and worshipping one's own Pitris and the gods, a man earneth the fruit of the gift of a thousand Kapila kine.
Mbh.3.83.4169 Repairing next to the tirtha called Surya and bathing there with subdued soul and worshipping the Pitris and the gods, fasting all the while, one obtaineth the fruit of the Agnishtoma sacrifice and goeth finally to the region of the Sun.
Mbh.3.83.4177 There the Pitris are ever present along with the gods.
Mbh.3.83.4178 One should bathe there and worship the Pitris and the gods.
Mbh.3.83.4179 By so doing, one obtaineth the merit of the horse-sacrifice and goeth finally into the region of the Pitris.
Mbh.3.83.4194 The man that offereth there the syamaka grain in honour of the gods and the Pitris acquireth great religious merit.
Mbh.3.83.4196 Having bathed in that tirtha and worshipped the gods and the Pitris and resided there for one night, a man obtaineth the merit of the Agnishtoma sacrifice.
Mbh.3.83.4203 Bathing there and worshipping the gods and the Pitris, one never sinketh into hell but obtaineth the fruit of the Vajapeya sacrifice.
Mbh.3.83.4224 Proceeding next to the Devi tirtha that is in Madhuvati, one that bathes there and worships the gods and the Pitris obtains at the command of the Goddess the merit of the gift of a thousand kine.
Mbh.3.83.4292 One should bathe there and occupy oneself in the worship of the Pitris and the gods.
Mbh.3.83.4316 One should bathe there and worship the Pitris and the gods.
Mbh.3.83.4340 Arriving next at the tirtha called Pavana, one should offer oblations to the Pitris and the gods.
Mbh.3.84.4393 Bathing there and worshipping the Pitris and the gods, one obtaineth the merit of the horse-sacrifice.
Mbh.3.84.4397 Repairing to another tirtha there called Trisulakhata, one should bathe and set himself to worship the Pitris and the gods.
Mbh.3.84.4420 By offering oblations of water duly to the gods and the Pitris, at Saptaganga, Triganga and Sakravarta, which are all there, becometh adored in the regions of the virtuous.
Mbh.3.84.4447 Repairing to Rishikulya and bathing there, and living a month upon herbs, and worshipping the gods and Pitris, one is cleansed of all his sins, and obtaineth the region of the Rishis.
Mbh.3.84.4467 Journeying to the Saraswati, one should offer oblations unto the gods and the Pitris.
Mbh.3.84.4472 By worshipping the gods and the Pitris there, one obtains the merit of the Vajapeya sacrifice.
Mbh.3.84.4489 Whatever is offered there to the Pitris is said to become inexhaustible.
Mbh.3.84.4490 Bathing there at the Mahanadi, and offering oblations to the gods and the Pitris, a man acquireth eternal regions, and also rescueth his race.
Mbh.3.84.4513 Drinking of the water of a well which is there, and purifying one's self by a bath, he that offereth oblations to the gods and the Pitris is cleansed of all his sins and ascendeth to heaven.
Mbh.3.84.4584 Bathing in that tirtha and worshipping the gods and Pitris, one acquireth the merit of the horse-sacrifice and also ascendeth to the region of Indra.
Mbh.3.85.4605 Residing with purity at the confluence of the Sona and the Jyotirathi, and offering oblations of water to the gods and the Pitris, a man reapeth the merit of the Agnishtoma sacrifice.
Mbh.3.85.4633 Repairing next to Vena, he that offers oblations of water to the gods and the Pitris, obtains a car drawn by peacocks and cranes.
Mbh.3.85.4643 Proceeding next to the highly sacred tank called Payoshni, that best of waters, he that offers oblations of water to the gods and the Pitris acquires the merit of the gift of a thousand kine.
Mbh.3.85.4659 Arriving next at Medhavika, one should offer oblations of water to the gods and the Pitris.
Mbh.3.85.4663 He that, O king, after a bath, offereth oblations to the gods and the Pitris on the Kalanjara mountain, is, without doubt, regarded in heaven.
Mbh.3.85.4664 Proceeding next, O monarch, to the river Mandakini capable of destroying all sins and which is on that best of mountains called Chitrakuta, he that bathes there and worships the gods and the Pitris, obtains the merit of the horse-sacrifice and attains to an exalted state.
Mbh.3.85.4673 He that bathes there, O foremost of kings, and with subdued soul worships the gods and the Pitris, is cleansed of all his sins and attaineth to an exalted state.
Mbh.3.85.4680 Then, O king, should one proceed to Prayaga, whose praises have been sung by Rishis and where dwell the gods with Brahma at their head, the Directions with their presiding deities, the Lokapalas, the Siddhas, the Pitris adored by the worlds, the great Rishis-Sanatkumara and others, stainless Brahmarshis, Angiras and others, the Nagas, the Suparnas, the Siddhas, the Snakes, the Rivers, the Seas, the Gandharvas, the Apsaras, and the Lord Hari with Prajapati.
Mbh.3.87.4786 In Gayasira is a banian, which is called by the Brahmanas the Eternal banian, for the food that is offered there to the Pitris becometh eternal, O exalted one!
Mbh.3.96.5078 Endued with great energy and observant of truth and morality Agastya replied, saying, Ye Pitris, I will accomplish your desire.
Mbh.3.99.5201 Vaisampayana continued, At these words of Lomasa, Yudhishthira bathed there with his brothers and Krishna, and offered oblations of water, O Bharata, to the gods and the Pitris.
Mbh.3.99.5227 Then Rama of Bhrigu's race beheld in the body of Dasaratha's son the Adityas with the Vasus, the Rudras, the Sadhyas with the Marutas, the Pitris, Hutasana, the stellar constellations and the planets, the Gandharvas, the Rakshasas, the Yakshas, the Rivers, the tirthas, those eternal Rishis identified with Brahma and called the Valkhilyas, the celestial Rishis, the Seas and Mountains, the Vedas with the Upanishads and Vashats and the sacrifices, the Samans in their living form, the Science of weapons, O Bharata, and the Clouds with rain and lightning, O Yudhishthira!
Mbh.3.99.5237 And after the expiration of a year, the Pitris, beholding Rama dwelling there deprived of energy, his pride quelled, and himself sunk in affliction, said unto him, O son, having approached Vishnu, thy behaviour towards him was not proper.
Mbh.3.99.5242 Thus addressed by them, Rama, O son of Kunti, did what the Pitris bade him, and obtained back at this tirtha, O son of Pandu, the energy he had lost.
Mbh.3.134.6810 Thereat Vandin said, One only fire blazeth forth in various shapes; one only sun illumineth this whole world; one only hero, Indra, the lord of celestials, destroyeth enemies; and one only Yama is the sole lord of the Pitris
Mbh.3.134.6819 Vandin said, Nine is the number of the mantras used in kindling the fire in sacrifices to the Pitris; nine are the appointed functions in the processes of creation; nine letters compose the foot of the metre, Vrihati; and nine also is ever the number of the figures in calculation
Mbh.3.158.8016 On the birth of a son in their respective lines, the Pitris in their regions, both laugh and grieve, thinking, Will the sinful acts of this son of ours harm us, or will meritorious deeds conduce to our welfare?
Mbh.3.182.9123 Ye, who are so valiant, and engaged in asceticism, self-restraining exercises, and religious ordinances, and fond of exertion, after having performed great deeds and gratified the gods and Rishis and the Pitris, ye will at last in due course attain by your own acts the supreme region, the abode of all virtuous men!
Mbh.3.187.9416 O tiger among men, having entered his stomach, as I wandered around, I also beheld the whole tribe of the gods with their chief Sakra, the Sadhyas, the Rudras, the Adityas, the Guhyakas, the Pitris, the Snakes and the Nagas, the feathery tribes, the Vasus, the Aswins, the Gandharvas, the Apsaras, the Yakshas, the Rishis, the hordes of the Daityas and the Danavas, and the Nagas also.
Mbh.3.199.10102 His life is vain who hath no son; and his also who is out of pale of virtue: and his too who liveth on the food of other; and, lastly, his who cooketh for himself without giving therefrom unto the Pitris, the gods, and the guests, and who eateth of it before these all.
Mbh.3.199.10115 Thou wilt, O king, without doubt ascend to regions of everlasting bliss, in consequence of thy worship of the Pitris and the gods, and thy reverence for the Brahmanas, even though thy body is filled with phlegmatic humours and withal so dull and inert!
Mbh.3.199.10199 As long as the earth remains wet with water which a Brahmana hath touched with his feet, so long do Pitris drink water of cups made of lotus-leaves.
Mbh.3.199.10201 If his feet are washed, it is the Pitris who are delighted; and if he is fed it is Prajapati that is pleased.
Mbh.3.219.11128 After having performed a penance for ten thousand years, that being of great ascetic merit produced the terrible fire appertaining to the Pitris manes in order to begin the work of creation, and from his head and mouth respectively he created Vrihat and Rathantara day and night who quickly steal away life, c.
Mbh.3.219.11132 Having created these, he produced the five sons of the Pitris.
Mbh.3.295.14416 Markandeya continued, Thus addressed by her, the illustrious lord of Pitris, with a view to oblige her, began to unfold to her truly all about his intentions.
Mbh.3.296.14668 And after he had fallen asleep, Yama, accompanied by his messengers, presented himself before him, and tying him, began to take him away towards the region inhabited by the Pitris.
Mbh.3.311.15312 The Yaksha asked, What person, enjoying all the objects of the senses, endued with intelligence, regarded by the world and liked by all beings, though breathing, doth not offer anything to these five, viz, gods, guests, servants, Pitris, and himself, though endued with breath, is not yet alive'
Mbh.3.311.15444 He also must go to everlasting hell, who imputes falsehood to the Vedas, the scriptures, the Brahmanas, the gods, and the ceremonies in honour of the Pitris, He also goeth to everlasting hell who though in possession of wealth, never giveth away nor enjoyeth himself from avarice, saying, he hath none'
Mbh.4.56.2163 And there appeared on the scene three and thirty gods with Vasava at their head, and many Gandharvas and Rakshasas and Nagas and Pitris, together with the great Rishis.
Mbh.5.15.622 O beautiful lady, he hath been strengthened by the Rishis with the merits of offerings to the gods and the Pitris.
Mbh.5.16.731 Then the gods, the Pitris of the universe, the saints, and the principal Gandharvas, all met together, O Indra, and went to Nahusha and said, Be thou our king, and the defender of the Universe'
Mbh.5.16.751 Salya continued, Thus did the illustrious lord Indra, the chastiser of Paka, the giver of boons, bestow, after deliberation upon Kuvera the sovereignty over the Yakshas, and all the wealth of the world; upon Yama, the sovereignty over the Pitris; and upon Varuna, that over the waters'
Mbh.5.17.776 And so also were the Pitris, the Yakshas, the Snakes, the Rakshasas, the Gandharvas, and all the bands of celestial nymphs.
Mbh.5.33.1533 He who doth not perform the Sraddha for the Pitris, nor worshippeth the deities, nor acquireth noble-minded friends, is said to be a person of foolish soul.
Mbh.5.33.1577 By serving these five, men attain great fame in this world, viz, the gods, the Pitris, men, beggars, and guests.
Mbh.5.37.1921 He that accepts the teaching of the wise; he that is acquainted with the rules of morality; he that is liberal; he that eateth having first dedicated the food to the gods and Pitris; he that envieth none; he that is incapable of doing anything that injureth others; he that is grateful, truthful, humble and learned, succeedeth in attaining to heaven.
Mbh.5.38.2025 As a Brahmana without having studied the Vedas is not fit to officiate at a Sraddha in honour of the Pitris, so he that hath not heard of the six means for protecting a kingdom deserveth not to take part in political deliberations.
Mbh.5.42.2250 That imaginary god Yama holdeth his sway in the region of the Pitris, being the source of bliss to the virtuous and of woe to the sinful.
Mbh.5.72.3582 He that hath shame gratifieth the gods, the Pitris, and even his own self, and by this he obtaineth emancipation, which indeed, is the highest aim of all righteous persons'
Mbh.5.109.5007 It is here that the Pitris of the three worlds have their habitation.
Mbh.5.109.5009 Those celestials also that go by the name of Viswedevas always dwell in this region along with the Pitris.
Mbh.5.109.5010 Worshipped in sacrifices in all the worlds, they are equal sharers with the Pitris.
Mbh.5.118.5298 With offspring so begot as a raft, save they Pitris and thyself also.
Mbh.5.132.5892 Well-wishing Brahmanas duly worshipped and gratified the gods and the Pitris for your long life, wealth, and children, by adding Swaha and Swadha.
Mbh.5.188.8458 Saying these words while they stood obstructing the field, the Pitris caused that descendant of Bhrigu's race to place aside his weapons.
Mbh.6.17.837 On that day on which the battle commenced Soma approached the region of Pitris
Mbh.6.33.1552 They whose vows are directed to the Pitris attain to the Pitris; who direct their worship to the inferior spirits called Bhutas attain to Bhutas; they who worship me, attain even to myself.
Mbh.6.34.1603 I am Ananta among Nagas, I am Varuna among acquatic beings, I am Aryaman among the Pitris, and Yama among those that judge and punish
Mbh.6.43.1996 And then, O ruler of men, there came the gods, with Gandharvas and the Pitris, and the hosts of Siddhas and Charanas, from desire of witnessing the sight.
Mbh.6.120.6693 And the Rishis and the Pitris all applauded Bhishma of high vows.
Mbh.7.3.116 O thou that art the foremost one amongst the Kurus, I do not see that there is any one else among them, who is competent like thee in filling the treasury, in counsels, in the matter of disposing the troops in battle array, and in the use of weapons, Alas, he that was endued with a righteous understanding, he that always protected the Kurus from every danger, alas, he, having slain numberless warriors, proceedeth to the region of the Pitris.
Mbh.7.6.188 As Kapali amongst the Rudras, Pavaka among the Vasus, Kuvera among the Yakshas, Vasava among the Maruts, Vasishtha among Brahmanas, the Sun amongst luminous bodies, Yama among the Pitris, Varuna among aquatic creatures, as the Moon among the stars, and Usanas among the sons of Diti, so art thou the foremost of all leaders of forces.
Mbh.7.8.296 And the gods, the Pitris, and they that were his friends, all beheld that mighty car-warrior, viz, the son of Bharadwaja, thus slain.
Mbh.7.14.571 And that river, O best of kings, bore away in hundreds, to the region of the Pitris, the creatures that were slain by Drona in battle.
Mbh.7.35.1852 And Abhimanyu glorified by the Pitris, the gods, and Charanas, and Siddhas, as also by diverse classes of creatures on the earth, with praises about his heroism and skill in battle, looked resplendent like a sacrificial fire fed with clarified butter
Mbh.7.53.2595 He always contributed to the gratification of the Rishis, the Pitris, and the gods, and thereby made them happy, by practising Brahmacharya, study of the Vedas, obsequial rites, and all kinds of gifts.
Mbh.7.57.2672 The subjects, of all the four orders, were engaged in righteous and desirable acts, When the Rakshasas, about this time obstructed the offerings to the Pitris and the worship of the gods in Janasthana, Lord Rama, slaying them, caused those offerings and that worship to be once more given to the Pitris and the gods.
Mbh.7.65.2834 In his very sight the gods used to take the libations of clarified butter poured into the fire for them, and the Pitris the food that was offered to them, in Sraddhas.
Mbh.7.67.2877 Once on a time, the tall trees of the forest, the mountains, the gods, the Asuras, men, the snakes, the seven Rishis, the Apsaras, and the Pitris, all came to Prithu, seated at his ease, and addressing him, said, Thou art our Emperor.
Mbh.7.67.2907 The Pitris milked the Earth, getting Swaha as their milk in a vessel of silver.
Mbh.7.71.3130 Ye birds and snakes, ye Pitris and all wanderers of the night, ye regenerate Rishis and celestial Rishis, ye mobile and immobile creatures, ye all that I have not mentioned, ye will not succeed in protecting my foe from me!
Mbh.7.74.3231 If the Siddhas, the Rudras, the Vasus, with the Aswins, the Maruts with Indra: at their head the Viswadevas with other gods, the Pitris, the Gandharvas, Garuda, the Ocean, the mountains, the firmament, Heaven, Earth, the point of the compass cardinal and subsidiary, and the regents of those points, all the creatures that are domestic and all that are wild, in fact if all the mobile and the immobile beings together, become the protectors of the ruler of the Sindhus, yet, O slayer of Madhu, shalt thou behold Jayadratha slain by me tomorrow in battle with my arrows!
Mbh.7.107.4998 The gods, Gandharvas, and the Pitris, said, Behold, the Panchalas, and the Pandavas, with all their troops, are flying away'
Mbh.7.153.8216 The Siddhas and Gandharvas and Pisachas, and Nagas, and birds, and Pitris and ravens and large numbers of cannibals and ghosts, and Apsaras and celestials, all combined in highly applauding the son of Drona
Mbh.7.155.8329 He reverences the Pitris and the deities.
Mbh.7.198.11294 Everything that is done for propitiating Indra, and Yama, and Varuna, and Kuvera and Pitris and Tvashtri, and Soma, is really offered to thee.
Mbh.9.5.341 I have paid off my debt to the Pitris and to Kshatriya duty.
Mbh.9.5.353 Without doubt, the Pitris behold them worshipped in the assembly of the gods and rejoicing in heaven, in the company of Apsaras.
Mbh.9.35.2584 There the gods and the Pitris sport in joy, with sacred and auspicious flowers repeatedly rained over them, and all the creepers also were adorned with flowery loads.
Mbh.9.43.3095 The diverse gods, Indra and Vishnu, both of great energy, and Surya and Candramas, and Dhatri, and Vidhatri, and Vayu, and Agni, and Pushan, and Bhaga, and Aryaman, and Ansa, and Vivaswat, and Rudra of great intelligence, and Mitra, and the eleven Rudras, the eight Vasus, the twelve Adityas, the twin Ashvinis, the Viswedevas, the Maruts, the Saddhyas, the Pitris, the Gandharvas, the Apsaras, the Yakshas, the Rakshasas, the Pannagas, innumerable celestial Rishis, the Vaikhanasas, the Valakhilyas, those others among Rishis that subsist only on air and those that subsist on the rays of the Sun, the descendants of Bhrigu and Angiras, many high-souled Yatis, all the Vidyadharas, all those that were crowned with ascetic success, the Grandsire, Pulastya, Pulaha of great ascetic merits, Angiras, Kasyapa, Atri, Marichi, Bhrigu, Kratu, Hara, Prachetas, Manu, Daksha, the Seasons, the Planets, and all the luminaries; O monarch, all the rivers in their embodied forms, the eternal Vedas, the Seas, the diverse tirthas, the Earth, the Sky, the Cardinal and Subsidiary points of the compass, and all the Trees, O king, Aditi the mother of the gods, Hri, Sri, Swaha, Sarasvati, Uma, Sachi, Sinivali, Anumati, Kuhu, the Day of the new moon, the Day of the full Moon, the wives of the denizens of heaven, Himavat, Vindhya, Meru of many summits, Airavat with all his followers, the Divisions of time called Kala, Kashtha, Fortnight, the Seasons, Night, and Day, O king, the prince of steeds, Ucchaisravas, Vasuki the king of the Snakes, Aruna, Garuda, the Trees, the deciduous herbs, and the adorable god Dharma, all came there together.
Mbh.9.43.3108 The gods then, with Vasava at their head, and the Gandharvas, the Yakshas, the Rakshasas, the Munis, and the Pitris, all shouted, Victory to Skanda'
Mbh.9.43.3132 Similarly the Saddhyas, the Rudras, the Vasus, the Pitris, the Seas, the Rivers, and the Mountains, all endued with great might, gave commanders of forces, armed with lances and battle-axes and decked with diverse kinds of ornaments.
Mbh.9.48.3551 He next beheld him proceed to the region of the Pitris.
Mbh.9.48.3585 Then all creatures, with the Pitris, beholding Devala resolved to adopt the religion of Moksha, began to weep, saying, Alas, who will henceforth give us food'
Mbh.12.9.351 Leading a retired life and devoting myself to contemplation, I shall live upon ripe and unripe fruits and gratify the Pitris and the deities with offerings of wild fruits and spring water and grateful hymns.
Mbh.12.10.418 That man only is capable of leading a solitary life of happiness in the woods who is unable to support sons and grandsons and the deities and Rishis and guests and Pitris.
Mbh.12.11.469 The due performance of these eternal duties, viz, the worship of the gods, the study of the Vedas, and the gratification of the Pitris, as also regardful services unto the preceptors, these are called the austerest of penances.
Mbh.12.12.483 The Pitris, that support by rain the lives of even all disbelievers, observing the ordinances of the Creator as declared in the Vedas, are, O king, engaged in action
Mbh.12.12.499 In domesticity, it is said, are acts intended for Pitris, gods, guests.
Mbh.12.17.763 There are two well-known paths for us, viz, the path of the Pitris and the path of the gods.
Mbh.12.18.788 Rishis and Pitris?
Mbh.12.18.790 Alas, abandoned by all these, viz, gods, guest and Pitris, thou leadest a life, of wandering mendicancy, O king, having cast off all action.
Mbh.12.23.959 The gods, Pitris, guests, and servants, all depend for their sustenance upon the person leading a life of domesticity.
Mbh.12.23.1013 Proceed without delay to the river Vahuda and gratify duly, with oblations of water, the gods, Rishis and the Pitris, and never again set thy heart on sin'
Mbh.12.23.1023 The ruler who has punished thee has been himself purified, as also thyself, along with the Pitris'
Mbh.12.24.1036 Be freed first, O Bharata, from the debt thou owest to persons that may beg of thee, to the Pitris, and to the gods.
Mbh.12.28.1322 One possessed of knowledge should perform the rites laid down in respect of the Pitris and the gods, practise all religious duties, perform sacrifices, judiciously pursue virtue, profit, and pleasure.
Mbh.12.28.1340 What pure heart, one should practise first the vow of Brahmacharya and then beget children and then perform sacrifices, for paying off the debt one owes to the Pitris, the gods, and men.
Mbh.12.29.1506 That bull among men gratified the gods with Soma, the Brahmanas with wealth, the Pitris with Swadha, and the women with the accomplishment of all their wishes.
Mbh.12.31.1678 Possessed of great splendour, he gratified the gods and the Pitris.
Mbh.12.36.1944 Rice boiled in sugared milk, food mixed with the tila seed, meat, and cakes, that have not been dedicated to the gods, should not be taken by Brahmanas leading a domestic mode of life, Having first gratified the gods, Rishis, guests, Pitris, and the household deities, a Brahmana leading a domestic mode of life should then take his food.
Mbh.12.36.1963 An unlearned Brahmana is an enemy to all and is the destroyer of the food that is presented to the gods and Pitris.
Mbh.12.47.2364 Salutations to thee in thy form of Soma that is spoken of as the chief of all the regenerate ones and that gratifies with nectar the gods in the lighted fortnight and the Pitris in the dark fortnight.
Mbh.12.60.3412 He should be of a tranquil heart, tractable and attentive in making offerings to the gods and the Pitris.
Mbh.12.62.3452 Whatever presents of food dedicated to the gods and the Pitris are made unto Brahmanas that have transgressed all restraints or become impure in behaviour or addicted to wicked pursuits and cruel acts or fallen away from their legitimate duties, confer no merit on the giver.
Mbh.12.62.3464 Having studied the Vedas duly and the treatises on the duties of kings, O sinless one, having begotten children and performed other acts of a like nature, having quaffed the Soma and ruled over and protected all his subjects righteously, O foremost of speakers, having performed the Rajasuya, the horse sacrifice, and other great sacrifices, having invited learned Brahmanas for reciting the scriptures and made presents unto them according to their desires, having obtained victories small or great in battle, having placed on his throne the son of his loins or some Kshatriya of good birth for the protection of subjects, having worshipped the Pitris by performing with due rites the sacrifices laid down for honouring them, having attentively worshipped the gods by performing sacrifices and the Rishis by studying the Vedas, the Kshatriya, who in old age desires another mode of life, may, O king, adopt it by leaving that one which immediately precedes it, and by that means he is sure to obtain ascetic success.
Mbh.12.64.3577 They should perform sacrifices in honour of the Pitris, dig wells, and dedicate them to universal service, give water to thirsty travellers, give away beds and make other seasonable presents unto Brahmanas.
Mbh.12.64.3587 The gifts, and libations, and offerings to the Pitris of the man that disregards the king who is superior to every one, become fruitless.
Mbh.12.65.3608 That king, O Partha, who daily makes offerings unto the Pitris and large offerings unto all living creatures including men, attains to the object of the same mode of life.
Mbh.12.71.4055 The gods, men, Pitris, Gandharvas, Uragas, and Rakshasas, all depend upon sacrifices for their support.
Mbh.12.71.4057 The gods and the Pitris subsist on the offerings made in sacrifices.
Mbh.12.72.4073 They would then succeed in supporting and aggrandising the subjects and the deities, the Pitris and the children
Mbh.12.74.4216 The offerings with Swaha and Swadha in Sraddhas and sacrifices are always asked from children by the Pitris and the deities.
Mbh.12.88.5017 The gifts made by thee in this world support the gods, Pitris, men, Nagas, Rakshasas, birds, and animals.
Mbh.12.89.5036 The deities receive no worship, the Pitris no offerings in Sraddhas, and guests no hospitality, when sinfulness is not restrained.
Mbh.12.90.5177 The gods, the Rishis, the Pitris, and the Gandharvas, possessed of great energy, sing the praises, both here and hereafter, of that king whose conduct is righteous'
Mbh.12.97.5419 Amvarisha said, Having duly governed the whole earth bounded by the seas, having from desire of earning religious merit practised all those duties that are common to the four orders as declared by the scriptures, having practised with rigid austerity all the duties of the Brahmacharya mode, having waited with dutiful obedience upon my preceptors and other reverend seniors, having studied with due observances the Vedas and the scriptures on kingly duties, having gratified guests with food and drink, the Pitris with offerings in Sraddhas, the Rishis with attentive study of the scriptures and with initiation under proper forms into the mysteries of religion, and the gods with many excellent and high sacrifices, having duly observed Kshatriya duties according to the injunctions of the scriptures, having cast my eyes fearlessly upon hostile troops, I won many victories in battle, O Vasava!
Mbh.12.107.6101 If preceptors are worshipped, the very Rishis, and the gods, together with the Pitris, are all pleased.
Mbh.12.120.6752 It seems, O puissant one, that Chastisement, which is possessed of great energy and which is present everywhere, is the foremost of all beings among either gods and Rishis and high-souled Pitris and Yakshas and Rakshasas and Pisachas and Sadhyas, or living beings in this world including beasts and birds.
Mbh.12.121.6855 He repaired to the spot called Munjaprishtha held in high esteem by the Pitris and the celestial Rishis.
Mbh.12.121.6900 Yama the son of Vivaswat was made the lord of the Pitris.
Mbh.12.126.7183 Having performed my ablutions in that lake and offered with due rites oblations of water unto the Pitris and the dogs, I entered the asylum.
Mbh.12.134.7549 No injury should be inflicted on those houses in which the deities, the Pitris, and guests are worshipped.
Mbh.12.135.7575 Men conversant with duty have said that his wealth is useless who does not, with libations of clarified butter, feed the gods, the Pitris, and men.
Mbh.12.140.8602 He then, O Bharata, began the ceremonies in honour of the gods and the Pitris, by dividing that Charu into as many portions as were necessary, according to the injunctions of the scriptures, and by invoking the gods with Indra at their head for accepting their shares.
Mbh.12.140.8605 Viswamitra, however, having completed the rites in honour of the gods and the Pitris and having gratified them duly, himself ate that meat.
Mbh.12.145.8825 Saying these words, he ignited a fire with the help of some dry leaves, and filled with joy, said, I heard in former days from high-souled Rishis and gods and Pitris that there is great merit in honouring a guest.
Mbh.12.152.9220 It is here that the Pitris by thousands took leave of the world.
Mbh.12.157.9399 They who have no fear of an obligation to return to this world after death, they who have no fear of the next world, they who are not addicted to animal food and who have no liking for what is agreeable and no dislike for what is otherwise, they to whom good behaviour is ever dear, they in whom there is self-restraint, they to whom pleasure and pain are equal, they who have truth for their high refuge, they who give but not take, they who have compassion, they who worship Pitris, gods and guests, they who are always ready to exert themselves for the good of others, they who are universal benefactors, they who are possessed of great courage of mind, they who observe all the duties laid down in the scriptures, they who are devoted to the good of all, they who can give their all and lay down their very lives for others, are regarded as good and virtuous, O Bharata!
Mbh.12.161.9541 SECTION CLXII Yudhishthira said, Brahmanas and Rishis and Pitris and the gods all applaud the duty of truth.
Mbh.12.161.9589 It is for these reasons that the Brahmanas, the Pitris, and the gods, applaud Truth.
Mbh.12.164.9677 SECTION CLXV Bhishma said, For enabling such pious and impoverished Brahmanas as have been robbed of their wealth by thieves, as are engaged in the performance of sacrifices, as are well conversant with all the Vedas, and as are desirous of acquiring the merit of righteousness, to discharge their obligations to preceptors and the Pitris, and pass their days in reciting and studying the scriptures, wealth and knowledge, O Bharata, should be given
Mbh.12.165.9825 From them sprang all the creatures of the universe, including the gods, Pitris, Gandharvas, Apsaras, diverse kinds of Rakshasas, birds and animals and fishes, monkeys, great snakes, and diverse species of fowl that range the air or sport on the water, and vegetables, and all beings that are oviparous or viviparous or born of filth.
Mbh.12.170.10223 Some amongst them were selected for representing the Viswedevas, the Pitris, and the deities of fire.
Mbh.12.190.11392 They who are residents in the abodes of preceptors, they who lead lives of mendicancy, and others who live in the observance of vows and restraints to which they are pledged, derive from this mode the means they live upon, the offerings they make unto the Pitris and the deities, and, in short, their entire support.
Mbh.12.190.11398 Then again in the domestic mode of life the deities are gratified by sacrifices and other religious rites; the Pitris by the performance of obsequial rites; the Rishis by cultivation of Vedic knowledge, by listening to the instructions of preceptors, and by committing to memory the scriptures; and lastly the Creator by begetting children
Mbh.12.206.12514 And he made Yama the ruler of the Pitris and of all sinful men
Mbh.12.207.12572 These were called first the gods and the two classes of Pitris.
Mbh.12.207.12578 These were at first called the gods and the Pitris.
Mbh.12.209.12687 The highest of the high, and without change or deterioration himself, he created the Pitris, the gods, the Rishis, the Yakshas, the Rakshasas, the Nagas, the Asuras, and human beings.
Mbh.12.220.13376 He is said to subsist upon sacrificial remnants, who eats only what remains after feeding the gods, the Pitris, servants, and guests.
Mbh.12.220.13379 They who share their food with the deities and the Pitris pass their days in constant happiness with their sons and grandsons and at last, leaving off this body, attain to a very high end
Mbh.12.223.13558 The gods, men, the Pitris, the Gandharvas, the snakes, and the Rakshasas, were all under my sway in days gone by.
Mbh.12.227.14027 I always reside with those that are distinguished for liberality, for study of the scriptures, for sacrifices, for other scriptural rites, and for worship of Pitris, deities, preceptors, seniors, and guests.
Mbh.12.227.14053 They duly worshipped Pitris, deities, and guests, and ate every day what was left after gratifying these.
Mbh.12.227.14074 Indeed, without offering their goods to the deities in sacrifices and without sharing them with the Pitris, the gods, guests, and reverend seniors, they appropriated them to their own use shamelessly.
Mbh.12.230.14293 A month of human beings is equal to a day and night of the Pitris.
Mbh.12.230.14294 That division as regards the Pitris consists in this: the lighted fortnight of men is their day which is for the doing of acts; and the dark fortnight is their night for sleep.
Mbh.12.231.14366 After having thus assumed the form of Brahman he creates the worlds of the gods, the Rishis, the Pitris, and men; the rivers, the seas, and the oceans, the points of the horizon, countries and provinces, hills and mountains, and large trees, human beings, Kinnaras, Rakshasas, birds, animals domestic and wild, and snakes.
Mbh.12.233.14472 For a Brahmana leading a life of domesticity there is no means save the acceptance of gifts for the sake of the deities, or Rishis, or Pitris, or preceptor or the aged, or the diseased, or the hungry
Mbh.12.234.14541 The Brahmana leading a domestic mode of life should conquer wrath and envy, practise the virtues already named, and worshipping the deities in the five sacrifices, eat after having fed the deities, Pitris, and guests.
Mbh.12.242.14933 The scriptures ordain that what is offered to the deities and the Pitris in sacrifices and religious rites is meant for the service of guests like these.
Mbh.12.266.16258 The robber has no connection with men, with the deities, with the Gandharvas, and with the Pitris.
Mbh.12.268.16387 Then again the three classes of Pitris, viz, the Archishmats, the Varhishads, and the Kravyads, approve of the necessity of mantras in the case of the dead, and mantras are allowed to be efficient causes for attainment of the objects for which these ceremonies and rites have been directed to be performed.
Mbh.12.268.16388 When the Vedas say this so loudly and when again human beings are said to owe debts to the Pitris, the Rishis, and the gods, how can any one attain to Emancipation
Mbh.12.268.16397 Those that have betaken themselves to the Sannyasa, mode of life, that abstain from all acts, that are endued with patience, that are cleansed of wrath and every fault, and that are conversant with Brahma, succeed by such knowledge of Brahma in paying off the debts thou speakest of to the gods the Rishis, and the Pitris represented to be so very fond of libations poured in sacrifices
Mbh.12.283.17463 The drinkers of Soma, the drinkers of smoke, the drinkers of Ajya, the Rishis, and the Pitris came there with the Brahmanas.
Mbh.12.287.18025 An equitable apportionment of what one has among the deities, the Pitris, and guests, and adherence to servants, these, without doubt, constitute excellence.
Mbh.12.292.18289 All men, by taking birth, incur debts to gods, guests, servants, Pitris, and their own selves.
Mbh.12.292.18293 By performing the rites of the Sraddha one is freed from one's debts to the Pitris.
Mbh.12.295.18418 The Adityas, the Vasus, the Rudras, Agni, the Aswins, the Maruts, the Viswedevas, the Saddhyas, the Pitris, the Maruts, the Yakshas, the Rakshasas, the Gandharvas, the Siddhas and the other denizens of heaven, and, indeed, all other celestials whatever, O child, have all been crowned with success through their penances.
Mbh.12.300.18850 and the great snakes, and the Pitris, and all the mountains and hills, and the great and terrible oceans, and all the rivers, and the rain-charged clouds, and serpents, and trees, and Yakshas, and the cardinal and subsidiary points of the compass, and the Gandharvas, and all male persons and all female ones also.
Mbh.12.311.19562 It hath been also heard by us, O monarch that the senses of knowledge along with the four inner faculties, have sprung from the five Great elements called Pitris, and that the entire universe of mobile and immobile Beings has been filled with those Great elements
Mbh.12.317.19758 If through the brows, the man goes to the region of the Aswins; and if through the forehead, to that of Pitris.
Mbh.12.318.19885 Subsequently I heard the discourses of Rudra and the intelligent Viswarupa, of several of the deities, of the Pitris.
Mbh.12.318.19891 Thou art an ocean of the Srutis, as described, O Brahmana, in the world of both the deities and Pitris.
Mbh.12.321.20423 That sinful wretch who, in consequence of his recklessness, transgresses the ten boundaries that have been fixed by the Self-born himself, is obliged to pass his time in great affliction in the wild wastes that occur in the dominions of the king of Pitris
Mbh.12.326.20728 By practising penances and dutifully serving his preceptor and observing the duties of Brahmacharyya, O puissant one, he should pay off the debt he owes to the deities and the Pitris, and cast off all malice.
Mbh.12.328.20905 The path that is made up of the attribute of Tamas is called Pitri-yana the path of Pitris.
Mbh.12.334.21330 According to what ordinances should he perform the homa in honour of the gods and the Pitris?
Mbh.12.334.21335 And who is the Pitri of the Pitris?
Mbh.12.334.21336 Who is he that is superior to him, who is the deity of the deities and the Pitri of the Pitris?
Mbh.12.334.21363 Who are those Pitris whom these two Pitris of all beings adore,
Mbh.12.334.21367 Beholding that extraordinary conduct of the two original deities in themselves worshipping other deities and Pitris, the illustrious Rishi Narada took his seat there, well pleased with the honours he had received.
Mbh.12.334.21388 Even He is what we worship in all those rites that we perform in honour of the deities and the Pitris.
Mbh.12.334.21393 It is His ordinance that we should duly perform all the rites laid down in respect of the deities and the Pitris.
Mbh.12.334.21395 All of them obeyed the eternal law of the Supreme God Observing all the rites, in detail, that were ordained in honour of the deities and the Pitris, all those foremost of regenerate persons acquired all those objects which they sought.
Mbh.12.335.21466 After worshipping the Grandsires Pitris, he worshipped the Brahmanas.
Mbh.12.339.21894 Behold also, O best of men, the four foremost ones amongst the Pitris in their embodied forms, as also, the three attributes of Sattwa, Rajas, and Tamas which are formless dwelling in me.
Mbh.12.339.21895 The acts done in honour of the Pitris are superior in point of merit to those done in honour of the deities.
Mbh.12.339.21896 I am the Pitri of both the deities and the Pitris, and am existing from the beginning that is, from a time when they were not.
Mbh.12.339.21902 I further assured him that he would be an object of adoration with all the deities and Asuras, all the Rishis and Pitris, and the diverse creatures forming the creation.
Mbh.12.339.21977 That best of ascetics, viz, the regenerate Asita, then having heard the narrative from the deities, repeated it unto the Pitris, O king of kings.
Mbh.12.345.22872 SECTION CCCXLVI Vaisampayana said, On one occasion, while residing in the retreat of Nara and Narayana, Narada the son of Pramesthi, having duly accomplished the rites and observances in honour of the deities, set himself to perform thereafter the rites in honour of the Pitris.
Mbh.12.345.22873 Beholding him thus prepared, the eldest son of Dharma, viz, the puissant Nara addressed him, saying, Whom art thou worshipping, O foremost of regenerate persons, by these rites and observances in connection with the deities and the Pitris?
Mbh.12.345.22883 O righteous and illustrious one, I am per-forming these rites in honour of the Pitris for the sake of Narayana, and agreeable to those ordinances that have been laid down by himself.
Mbh.12.345.22885 In all sacrifices performed in honour of the Pitris, it is that Lord of the universe who is adored and worshipped.
Mbh.12.345.22891 Having first spread some blades of Kusa grass, the deities and the Pitris who were their children placed three Pindas thereon and in this way worshipped each other.
Mbh.12.345.22892 I wish to know, however, the reason why the Pitris in days of yore acquired the name of Pindas'
Mbh.12.345.22899 I am resolved to create those that are to be called Pitris,
Mbh.12.345.22900 Saying these words, he began to think of those high ordinances that should regulate the rites to be gone through in honour of the Pitris.
Mbh.12.345.22903 Led by this, I declare that these should be known henceforth by the name of Pitris.
Mbh.12.345.22904 Let these three that are of no particular shape, and that are only round, come to be regarded as Pitris in the world.
Mbh.12.345.22905 Even thus do I create the eternal Pitris.
Mbh.12.345.22915 Hence have the Pitris come to be called by the name of Pinda.
Mbh.12.345.22917 Agreeably to the words uttered by Vrishakapi on that occasion, the Pitris receive the worship offered by all.
Mbh.12.345.22918 They who perform sacrifices in honour of and adore the Pitris, the deities, the preceptor or other reverend senior guests arrived at the house, kine, superior Brahmanas, the goddess Earth, and their mothers, in thought, word, and deed, are said to adore and sacrifice unto Vishnu himself.
Mbh.12.347.23097 The Soma-drinking Pitris became, it is said, his teeth.
Mbh.12.347.23174 Whatever acts are performed in honour of the gods or the Pitris, whatever gifts are made, whatever penances are performed, have Vishnu for their refuge, who is established upon his own supreme ordinances.
Mbh.13.10.611 On one of these occasions, the Sudra, O king, addressing the Rishi said, I desire to perform the rites that are ordained for the Pitris.
Mbh.13.10.618 After the rites in honour of the Pitris had been accomplished, the Rishi, was dismissed by the Sudra, whereupon he returned to his own abode
Mbh.13.10.623 It was in this way that those two, viz, that Sudra who had passed a life of penances and that regenerate Rishi who had in kindness given the former some instructions in the matter of the rites performed in honour of the Pitris, became reborn, the one as scion of a royal race and the other as the member of a priestly family.
Mbh.13.10.661 O sinless one, gratified with me, and impelled by the desire of doing me good, thou, O Brahmana, wert pleased to give me certain instructions in the rites I performed on one occasion in honour of my Pitris.
Mbh.13.14.904 Let Brahma and Siva and Kasyapa, the Rivers, those deities that preside over the mind, the soil, all deciduous herbs, those Chhandas Rhymes that are regarded as bearers of the libations poured in sacrifices, the Rishis, Earth, the Oceans, the sacrificial presents, those syllables that are uttered for completing the cadences of Samans, the Rikshas, the Pitris, the Planets, the spouses of the deities, the celestial maidens, the celestial mothers, the great cycles, kine, Chandramas, Savitri, Agni, Savitri, the knowledge of the Vedas, the seasons, the year, small and big divisions of time, eg,
Mbh.13.14.1398 Among the Maruts thou art Sakra, among the Pitris thou art Devarat, among all the regions for the residence of created beings thou art the region of Brahman, and amongst all the ends that creatures attain to, thou art Moksha or Emancipation.
Mbh.13.14.1552 The innumerable Brahmanas there present, the deities and the Asuras, the Nagas, the Pisachas, the Pitris, the birds, diverse Rakshasas, diverse classes of ghosts and spirits, and all the great Rishis, then bowed down unto that great Deity.
Mbh.13.16.1658 Thou art again, the door, called Chandramas, of that which is called the Pitriyana the path of the Pitris
Mbh.13.22.3213 The learned, however, say that with respect to such acts as have reference to the Pitris, the Brahmana that is sought to be employed, should be examined in the matter of both his conduct and competence'
Mbh.13.23.3277 Bhishma said, Having purified oneself by baths and other purificatory acts and then going through the well-known auspicious rites, one should carefully do all act relating to the deities in the forenoon, and all acts relating to the Pitris in the afternoon.
Mbh.13.23.3286 Such stained food, if offered to the deities and Pitris is never accepted by them but is appropriated by Rakshasas.
Mbh.13.23.3288 The food that is distributed to guests without having been previously dedicated to the deities or the Pitris with the aid of libation on the sacred fire, which has been stained in consequence of a portion thereof having been eaten by a person that is wicked or of irreligious behaviour, should be known to form the portion of Rakshasas'
Mbh.13.23.3291 All Brahmanas that have been outcasted on account of the commission of heinous sins, as also Brahmanas that are idiots and out of mind, do not deserve to be invited to Sraddhas in which offerings are made to either the deities or the Pitris.
Mbh.13.23.3302 Listen now to me as I mention who the Brahmana is that has been ordained for acts done in honour of the deities and the Pitris.
Mbh.13.23.3313 The wealth that one has acquired by the sale of Vedic lore, or which has been earned by a women, or which has been gained by meanness such as giving false evidence in a court of law, should never be given to Brahmanas or spent in making offerings to the Pitris.
Mbh.13.23.3317 If performed by a Kshatriya the words that should be uttered are, Let thy Pitris be gratified,
Mbh.13.23.3336 That Brahmana, O king, who eats on occasions of such rites as are performed in honour of the deities or the Pitris by Brahmanas and Kshatriyas and Vaisyas, without having performed his ablutions, incurs the sin of uttering an untruth for a cow.
Mbh.13.23.3340 Yudhishthira said, I desire, O grandsire, to know by giving unto whom the things dedicated to the deities and the Pitris, one may earn the amplest rewards'
Mbh.13.23.3364 They who themselves eat without offering portions thereof unto their spouse or their sacred fires or their servants or their guests, and they who abstain from performing the rites laid down in the scriptures for honouring the Pitris and deities, have to sink in hell.
Mbh.13.23.3398 I have thus expounded to thee, O Bharata, what the rites are in honour of the deities and the Pitris which are performed by people for the sake of the other world, what the ordinances are in respect of making gifts, and what the views are of the Rishis of former times in respect of both the articles of gift and the manner of giving them
Mbh.13.25.3436 One who gives oblations of water unto one's Pitris at Saptaganga and Triganga and Indramarga, obtains ambrosia for food, if one has still to undergo rebirth.
Mbh.13.25.3444 Bathing in the asylum that is sacred to the Krittakas and offering oblations of water to the Pitris, and then gratifying Mahadeva, one becomes pure in body and mind and ascends to heaven.
Mbh.13.25.3446 By bathing in the Devadaru forest and offering oblations of water to the Pitris and dwelling there for seven nights with a pure body and mind, one attains to the region of the deities on departing from this world.
Mbh.13.25.3453 He that bathes in Analamva or in eternal Andhaka, or in Naimisha, or the tirtha called Swarga, and offers oblations of water to the Pitris, subduing his senses the while, acquires the Merit of a human sacrifice
Mbh.13.25.3454 Bathing in Ganga hrada and the tirtha known by the name of Utpalavana and daily offering oblations of water there for a full month to the Pitris, one acquires the merit of a Horse-sacrifice.
Mbh.13.25.3455 Bathing in the confluence of the Ganga and the Yamuna as also at the tirtha in the Kalanjara mountains and offering every day oblations of water to the Pitris for a full month, one acquires the merit that attaches to ten Horse-sacrifices.
Mbh.13.25.3459 Bathing in the tirtha that is sacred to the Maruts, as also in that which is situate in the retreat of the Pitris, and also in that which is known by the name of Vaivaswata, one becomes cleansed of all one's sins and becomes as pure and sanctified as a tirtha.
Mbh.13.25.3460 Repairing to Brahmasaras as also to the Bhagirathi and bathing there and offering oblations to the Pitris every day for a full month, abstaining from food all the while, one is sure to attain to the region of Soma, Bathing in Utpataka and then in Ashtavakra and offering oblations of water to the Pitris every day for twelve days in succession, abstaining the while from food, one acquires the merits of a Horse-sacrifice.
Mbh.13.25.3465 Bathing in Visala in Karavirapura and offering oblations of water unto one's Pitris, and performing one's ablutions in Devahrada too, one becomes identified with Brahma and shines in glory as such.
Mbh.13.25.3468 Bathing in Ramahrada and offering oblations of water to the Pitris in the river Vipasa Beas, and observing a fast for twelve days, one becomes cleansed of all sins.
Mbh.13.26.3576 They who wish to make their birth, life and learning fruitful, should repair to Ganga and gratify the Pitris and the deities by offering them oblations of water.
Mbh.13.26.3588 As the solar ray is to the deities in heaven, as Chandramas is to the Pitris, as the king is to human beings, even such is Ganga unto all streams
Mbh.13.29.3770 It is through the Brahmanas that the Pitris and the deities become gratified.
Mbh.13.31.3949 They who are devoted to the worship of the deities and guests and dependants, as also of the Pitris, and they who eat the remnant of the food that is offered to deities, Pitris, guests and dependants, succeed in crossing all calamities and obstacles.
Mbh.13.31.3953 For these reasons, do thou also, O son of Kunti, always worship with reverence the deities, the Pitris, the Brahmanas, and guests arrived at thy mansion and as the consequence of such conduct thou art sure to attain to a desirable end
Mbh.13.33.4059 The Brahmanas, O ruler of men, who are highly blessed, are elder in respect of their origin than the Pitris, the deities, human beings belonging to the three other orders, the Snakes and the Rakshasas.
Mbh.13.33.4060 These regenerate persons are incapable of being vanquished by the deities or the Pitris, or the Gandharvas or the Rakshasas, or the Asuras or the Pisachas.
Mbh.13.34.4093 In that house where Brahmanas do not eat, the Pitris refuse to eat.
Mbh.13.34.4095 When the Brahmanas are gratified, the Pitris also are gratified.
Mbh.13.34.4100 Those particular offerings in sacrifices with which one gratifies the Brahmanas go to gratify both the Pitris and the deities.
Mbh.13.37.4248 By paying off the debt one owes to the deities by performing sacrifices, that to the Rishis by studying the Vedas, that to the Pitris by procreating children, that to the Brahmanas by making presents unto them and that to guests by feeding them, in due order, and with purity of intention, and properly attending to the ordinances of the scriptures, a householder does not fall away from righteousness
Mbh.13.44.4608 SECTION XLIV Yudhishthira said, Tell me of that, O grandsire, which is the root of all duties, which is the root of kinsmen, of home, of the Pitris and of guests.
Mbh.13.57.5662 By performing Sraddhas every day in honour of one's Pitris manes, one acquires a large number of children.
Mbh.13.58.5734 The deities and human beings and Gandharvas and Pitris and Uragas and Rakshasas and even immobile beings, all resort to a tank full of water as their refuge.
Mbh.13.58.5761 Such a man is applauded and reverenced in the world of the Pitris.
Mbh.13.58.5769 Trees gratify the deities by their flowers; the Pitris by their fruits; and all guests and strangers by the shadow they give.
Mbh.13.59.5807 Performed in view of such men, O Yudhishthira, a sacrifice in which the water that is sprinkled for dedicating gifts constitutes the oblations in honour of the Pitris, and devotion and worship rendered unto such superior men, serves to free one of the debts one owes to the deities
Mbh.13.60.5877 That would constitute thy third sacrifice, O Yudhishthira, in which offerings are made unto the deities, the Pitris, and the Brahmanas.
Mbh.13.62.5999 That man of tranquil soul who makes a gift of earth gratifies by that act the Pitris dwelling in their own region and the deities also hailing from the region that is theirs.
Mbh.13.62.6080 Without doubt, the offerings one makes unto the Pitris at such a Sraddha become inexhaustible.
Mbh.13.63.6110 The man who gratifies with gifts of food the Pitris, the deities, the Rishis, the Brahmanas, and guests arrived at his abode, acquires merit whose measure is very large.
Mbh.13.63.6118 Like tillers expecting auspicious showers of rain, the Pitris always expect that their sons and grandsons would make offerings unto them of food in Sraddhas.
Mbh.13.64.6205 By making gifts, under constellation Visakha, of a bull, and a cow that yields a copious measure of milk, a cart full of paddy, with a Prasanga for covering the same, and also cloths for wear a person gratifies the Pitris and the deities attains to inexhaustible merit in the other world.
Mbh.13.64.6206 Such a person never meets with any calamity and gratifies the Pitris and the deities and attains to inexhaustible merit in the other world.
Mbh.13.64.6212 By making unto Brahmanas a gift under the constellation Mula, of fruits and roots, with a restrained soul, one gratifies the Pitris and attains to a desirable end.
Mbh.13.65.6227 King Harischandra said that the gift of gold is sin-cleansing, leads to long life, and becomes productive of inexhaustible merit unto the Pitris.
Mbh.13.66.6261 Sesame seeds were created by the Self-born Brahman as the best food for the Pitris.
Mbh.13.66.6262 Hence, gifts of sesame seeds always gladden the Pitris greatly.
Mbh.13.66.6264 He who adores the Pitris with offerings of sesame seeds is regarded as worshipping the deities at all the sacrifices.
Mbh.13.66.6302 When a man performs a Sraddha in honour of the Pitris on earth belonging to another person, the Pitris render both the gift of that earth and the Sraddha itself futile
Mbh.13.67.6387 The Pitris have Swadha for theirs.
Mbh.13.68.6450 Like the gift of water, Yama, from a desire of doing good to the Pitris, applauds the gift of lamps to light dark places.
Mbh.13.68.6451 Hence, the giver of a lamp for lighting a dark place is regarded as benefiting the Pitris.
Mbh.13.68.6453 The giving of lamps enhances the visual power of the deities, the Pitris, and one's own self
Mbh.13.69.6486 What creatures can be more sacred than kine when with the very dung of kine altars whereon Sraddhas are performed in honour of the Pitris, or those whereon the deities are worshipped, are cleansed and sanctified?
Mbh.13.69.6493 Bhishma said, A cow should never be given unto one that is not righteous in behaviour, or one that is sinful, or one that is covetous or one that is untruthful in speech, or one that does not make offerings unto the Pitris and deities.
Mbh.13.70.6546 Wending to the region of the Pitris I was taken to the presence of the king of the dead.
Mbh.13.71.6674 Engaged in performing Sraddhas in honour of the Pitris and in all acts of righteousness, they used to make, according to the extent of their power, gifts of kine, and as the reward of those acts they have attained to heaven and are shining in effulgence for such righteousness.
Mbh.13.75.6892 It is Truth that gratifies the deities, the Pitris and the Brahmanas.
Mbh.13.77.7066 He who makes a gift of a cow, O king, always succeeds in acquiring the merits that attach to gifts of Havya and Kavya, to the offer of oblations of water unto the Pitris, to other religious acts whose performance brings peace and happiness, to the gift of vehicles and cloths, and to the cherishing of children and the old'
Mbh.13.79.7144 By giving away a cow of the complexion of the smoke of straw, with a calf and a vessel of white brass for milking her, and covered with a piece of cloth, one attains to great honours in the region of the Pitris.
Mbh.13.83.7440 That man who with senses withdrawn from every other object will recite this account unto Brahmanas, on occasions when Havya and Kavya are offered, or at sacrifices, or on occasions of adoring the Pitris, succeeds in conferring upon his ancestors an inexhaustible felicity fraught with the fruition of every wish.
Mbh.13.84.7483 The Pitris do not come in their visible forms for taking the cake.
Mbh.13.84.7488 On that night as I slept, the Pitris appeared to me in a dream.
Mbh.13.84.7492 By such conduct thou hast honoured and maintained the authority of thyself, the scriptures, the auditions of the Vedas, the Pitris and the Rishis, the Grandsire Brahman himself, and those seniors, viz, the Prajapatis.
Mbh.13.87.7981 That ritual is auspicious, worthy of praise, productive of fame and progeny, and is regarded as a sacrifice, O scorcher of foes, in honour of the Pitris.
Mbh.13.87.7982 Gods or Asuras or human beings, Gandharvas or Uragas or Rakshasas, Pisachas or Kinnaras, every one should always worship the Pitris.
Mbh.13.87.7983 It is seen that people worship the Pitris first, and gratify the deities next by offering them their adorations.
Mbh.13.87.7984 Hence, one should always worship the Pitris with every care
Mbh.13.87.7985 It is said, O king, that the Sraddha performed in honour of the Pitris is performable afterwards.
Mbh.13.87.7986 But this general rule is restrained by a special one which directs that the Sraddha in honour of the Pitris should be performed on the afternoon of the day of the New moon
Mbh.13.87.7991 By adoring the Pitris on the first day of the lighted fortnight, one obtains in one's abode beautiful spouses capable of producing many children all possessed of desirable accomplishments.
Mbh.13.88.8010 SECTION LXXXVIII Yudhishthira said, O thou of great puissance, tell me what that object is which, if dedicated to the Pitris, becomes inexhaustible!
Mbh.13.88.8014 With sesame seeds and rice and barley and Masha and water and roots and fruits, if given at Sraddhas, the Pitris, O king, remain gratified for the period of a month
Mbh.13.88.8017 With fishes offered at Sraddhas, the Pitris remain gratified for a period of two months.
Mbh.13.88.8023 Payasa mixed with ghee is as much acceptable to the Pitris as beef.
Mbh.13.88.8024 With the meat of the Vadhrinasa the gratification of the Pitris lasts for twelve years
Mbh.13.88.8025 The flesh of the rhinoceros, offered to the Pitris on the anniversaries of the lunar days on which they died, becomes inexhaustible.
Mbh.13.88.8027 In this connection, O Yudhishthira, there are some verses, originally sung by the Pitris, that are sung in the world.
Mbh.13.89.8049 By making offerings in honour of the Pitris under the constellation Jyeshtha with devotion and humility, one attains to sovereignty, O foremost one of Kuru's race.
Mbh.13.90.8062 In all acts, however, that relate to the worship of the deities and the Pitris, an examination has been said to be proper.
Mbh.13.90.8065 In Sraddhas, however, O monarch, the man of intelligence should examine the Brahmanas to be employed for assisting the doers of the Sraddha in getting through the ritual and making gifts unto them of the offerings made to the Pitris.
Mbh.13.90.8070 Persons conversant with the Vedas say that the offerings made at Sraddhas, if eaten by such Brahmanas, go to fill the stomachs of Rakshasas instead of filling those of the Pitris, O, Yudhishthira.
Mbh.13.90.8071 That person who having eaten at a Sraddha does not abstain that day from study of the Vedas or who has sexual congress that day with a Sudra woman, must know that his Pitris, in consequence of such acts of his, have to lie for a month on his dung.
Mbh.13.90.8075 That man of little intelligence who makes gifts of such articles unto such men knowing their dispositions, obliges, by such conduct, his Pitris to eat human ordure in the next world.
Mbh.13.90.8105 He who performs Sraddhas for feeding only his friends and whose Havi does not gratify the deities and the Pitris, fails to ascend to Heaven.
Mbh.13.90.8116 Such offerings gratify neither the gods nor the Pitris.
Mbh.13.90.8118 As those libations of ghee that are poured upon the extinguished ashes of a sacrificial fire never reach either the gods or the Pitris, after the same manner a gift that is made to a dancer or a singer or a Dakshina presented to a lying or deceitful person, produces no merit.
Mbh.13.90.8121 The Pitris of the person making it have to fall down from the path of the deities.
Mbh.13.91.8164 He said unto him, O Mini, this rite that thou hast conceived, is a sacrifice in honour of the Pitris.
Mbh.13.91.8173 Unto the Viswedevas also, who are always the companions of the Pitris, the Self-born then ordained a portion of the offerings.
Mbh.13.91.8177 Those deities that are called by the name of Pitris were created by the Self-born.
Mbh.13.91.8181 The Pitris referred to above as those created by the Self-born number seven.
Mbh.13.91.8193 Among offerings made to the Pitris or with the Havya and Kavya offered to the deities, the potherb called Sudarsana Menispermum tomentosum, Rox should not be included.
Mbh.13.91.8194 Havi mixed with this is not acceptable to Pitris.
Mbh.13.92.8197 SECTION XCII Bhishma said, After Nimi had acted in the way described above, all the great Rishis began to perform the sacrifice in honour of the Pitris called the Sraddha according to rites laid down in the ordinance.
Mbh.13.92.8198 Firmly devoted to the discharge of all duties, the Rishis, having performed Sraddhas, began to also offer oblations unto the Pitris of sacred waters, with attention.
Mbh.13.92.8199 In consequence, however, of the offerings made by persons of all classes unto the Pitris, the Pitris began to digest that food.
Mbh.13.92.8206 At these words of Soma, the deities and the Pitris then proceeded, O Bharata, to the Grandsire where he was seated on the summit of the mountains of Meru'
Mbh.13.92.8212 Hearing these words of the deity of fire, the Pitris became easy of heart.
Mbh.13.92.8221 This other Mantra also should be uttered, viz, unto Soma who is fond of the Pitris.
Mbh.13.92.8224 While crossing river, one should offer oblations of water unto one's Pitris, naming them all.
Mbh.13.92.8225 Indeed, when one comes upon a river one should gratify one's Pitris with oblations of water.
Mbh.13.92.8227 When one crosses a stream on a car unto which is yoked a couple of oxen of variegated hue, or from them that cross a stream on boats, the Pitris expect oblations of water.
Mbh.13.92.8228 Those that know this always offer oblations of water with concentrated attention unto the Pitris, Every fortnight on the day of the New moon, one should make offerings unto one's deceased ancestors.
Mbh.13.92.8229 Growth, longevity, energy, and prosperity become all attainable through devotion to the Pitris.
Mbh.13.92.8231 They are numbered among the Pitris.
Mbh.13.93.8267 He who eats what remains after serving the deities, the Pitris, and relatives and dependants, is said to eat Vighasa.
Mbh.13.93.8270 Indeed, they sport and enjoy all sports of delight in those regions, with the deities and guests and the Pitris in their company, and surrounded by their own children and grandchildren.
Mbh.13.93.8469 Throwing on the ground the heap of lotuses which they had gathered with much toil, they plunged once more into it for offering oblations of water to the Pitris.
Mbh.13.93.8544 The Pitris, the Rishis, and the deities become all pleased with him.
Mbh.13.97.8738 The goddess Earth said, O Madhava, the Rishis, the deities, the Pitris, and men should be worshipped, and sacrifices should be performed, by a householder.
Mbh.13.97.8744 The householder should daily offer oblations of food and water, or of fruits, roots and water, for the gratification of the Pitris, and the Vaiswadeva offering should be performed with rice boiled, and oblations of clarified butter unto Agni, Soma, and Dhanwantari.
Mbh.13.98.8815 I shall also set forth in their due order what garlands are agreeable to the Rakshasas, what to the Uragas, what to the Yakshas, what to human beings, and what to the Pitris, in proper order.
Mbh.13.98.8883 The Yakshas and Rakshasas and Pannagas, as also guests and all homeless persons, are supported by the food that are offered by persons leading the domestic mode of life, Indeed, the deities and the Pitris derive their sustenance from such offerings.
Mbh.13.100.8957 When worshipped with proper rites, the highly blessed Pitris, Rishis possessed of wealth of asceticism, and the household deities, all become gratified.
Mbh.13.104.9495 Having done this, one should go through the worship of the Pitris and the deities, agreeably with the ordinances of the Vedas.
Mbh.13.104.9515 One should never perform any act in honour of the Pitris at night time.
Mbh.13.104.9527 One should bathe by dipping one's head in water before one sits down to perform any act in honour of the Pitris of the deities.
Mbh.13.108.9896 By reciting the names of the Tirthas, by performing ablutions there, and by offering oblations to the Pitris in those places, one's sins are washed off.
Mbh.13.111.10069 He who eats without having performed the rites in honour of the deities or those in honour of the Pitris or without having offered even oblations of water to both the Rishis and the Pitris, has to take birth as a crow.
Mbh.13.112.10168 The deities, Rishis, Pitris, and men, all praise food.
Mbh.13.115.10242 In Sraddhas, however, that are performed in honour of the Pitris, persons for their own good should make offerings of diverse kinds of meat.
Mbh.13.115.10314 One should never eat meat of animals not dedicated in sacrifices and that are, therefore, slain for nothing, and that has not been offered to the gods and Pitris with the aid of the ordinances.
Mbh.13.115.10325 Mann himself has said that meat which is sanctified with mantras and properly dedicated, according to the ordinances of the Vedas, in rites performed in honour of the Pitris, is pure.
Mbh.13.115.10336 Hence, there is no longer any necessity of sanctifying those animals for offering them to the deities and the Pitris.
Mbh.13.115.10337 Served with flesh according to the ordinance, the Pitris become gratified.
Mbh.13.116.10391 All deer of the wilderness were dedicated to the deities and the Pitris in days of old, O king, by Agastya.
Mbh.13.116.10404 That flesh which is dedicated in sacrifices performed in honour of the deities and the Pitris is called Havi and, as such, is worthy of being eaten.
Mbh.13.117.10496 Greedy I was of wealth, I never dedicated, with faith and reverence, any food to the deities and the Pitris although duty required me to dedicate food unto them.
Mbh.13.121.10642 If the Brahmana be gratified, the Pitris and the deities are also gratified.
Mbh.13.123.10721 I was always devoted to the worship of the deities, the Pitris, and the Brahmanas.
Mbh.13.125.10828 What pleases what deity, what pleases the Pitris, the Rishis, the Pramathas associates of Mahadeva, the goddess Sri, Chitragupta the recording assistant of Yama, and the mighty Elephants at the cardinal points of the compass, what constitutes the religion of the Rishis, the religion, which has many mysteries and which is productive of high fruits, the merits of what are called great gifts, and the merits that attach to all the sacrifices, he who knows these, O sinless one, and knowing acts according to his knowledge, becomes freed from stains if he has stains and acquires the merits indicated.
Mbh.13.125.10839 In it is contained the ritual in respect of the Sraddha in which have been declared the mysteries connected with the Pitris.
Mbh.13.125.10848 Once on a time, a celestial messenger, coming to the court of Indra of his own accord, but remaining invisible, addressed the chief of the deities in these words, At the command of those two deities who are the foremost of all physicians, and who are endued with every desirable attribute, I have come to this place where I behold human beings and Pitris and the deities assembled together.
Mbh.13.125.10855 After the celestial messenger had said these words connected with righteousness and duty, the deities who were seated towards the east, the Pitris also, applauding that ranger of the sky, began as follows'
Mbh.13.125.10856 The Pitris said, Welcome art thou, and blessings upon thee!
Mbh.13.125.10859 The Pitris of that man who indulges in sexual congress on the day he performs a Sraddha, or eats at a Sraddha have to lie for the period of a whole month on his vital seed.
Mbh.13.125.10866 The Pitris of that man who act according to this ordinance become gratified with him and remain always cheerful.
Mbh.13.125.10870 How does it, by being so consigned, gratify the deities and how does it rescue the Pitris?
Mbh.13.125.10873 How do the Pitris of that man whose spouse eats the ball become the eaters thereof?
Mbh.13.125.10877 The Pitris said, Great is this question which thou hast asked.
Mbh.13.125.10880 The very deities and the Munis applaud acts done in honour of the Pitris.
Mbh.13.125.10881 Even they do not know what the certain conclusions are of the ordinances in respect of the acts done in honour of the Pitris.
Mbh.13.125.10882 Excepting the high souled, immortal, and excellent Markandeya, that learned Brahmana of great fame, who is ever devoted to the Pitris, none amongst them is conversant with the mysteries of the ordinances in respect of the Pitris.
Mbh.13.125.10883 Having heard from the holy Vyasa what the end is of the three rice-balls offered at the Sraddha, as explained by the Pitris themselves in reply to the question of the celestial messenger, I shall explain the same to thee.
Mbh.13.125.10887 That deity, thus gratified, O thou of great intelligence, gratifies in return the other deities and the Pitris also with them.
Mbh.13.125.10889 The Pitris, who are ever desirous of progeny, confer children on the woman of the house.
Mbh.13.125.10891 With that ball the Pitris are gratified and as the result thereof they grant the fruition of all wishes unto the person offering it.
Mbh.13.125.10900 Bhishma continued, After the Pitris said so, a Rishi of austere penances, named Vidyutprabha, whose form shone with splendour like that of the sun, spoke.
Mbh.13.125.10901 Having heard those mysteries of religion as propounded by the Pitris, he addressed Sakra, saying, Stupefied by folly, men slay numerous creatures born in the intermediate orders, such as worms and ants and snakes and sheep and deer and birds.
Mbh.13.125.10904 When this question was asked, all the gods and Rishis endued with wealth of penances and the highly blessed Pitris, applauded that ascetic'
Mbh.13.125.10936 After the celestial preceptor had said this, the highly blessed deities, with the Maruts, and the highly blessed Rishis questioned the Pitris, saying, Ye Pitris, at what acts of human beings, who are generally endued with little understanding, do ye become gratified?
Mbh.13.125.10938 By performing what acts can men become freed from the debt they owe to the Pitris?
Mbh.13.125.10941 The Pitris said, Ye highly blessed ones, the doubt existing in your minds has been properly propounded.
Mbh.13.125.10946 By these acts of men, they can free themselves from the debt they owe to the Pitris
Mbh.13.125.10951 Hearing these words of the Pitris, Vriddha-Gargya, possessed of wealth of penances and high energy, became filled with wonder so that the hair on his body stood erect.
Mbh.13.125.10955 The Pitris said, If a bull of blue complexion, upon being set free, raises a small quantity of water with its tail, the Pitris of the person that has set that bull free become gratified with that water for full sixty thousand years.
Mbh.13.125.10956 The mud such a bull raises with its horns from the banks of a river or lake, succeeds, without doubt, in sending the Pitris of the person that sets the animal free to the region of Soma.
Mbh.13.125.10961 The merit acquired by the giver of the Pinda to the Pitris takes the form of the growth of his race.
Mbh.13.125.10962 Verily, he who performs these acts with faith, becomes freed from the debt he owes to the Pitris.
Mbh.13.126.11000 In presenting the offerings to the deities, in giving and accepting alms, in presenting the ingredients of the Arghya and in offering oblations of water mixed with sesame seeds to the Pitris, a vessel of copper should be used.
Mbh.13.126.11003 Dharma said, The offerings made in all rites in honour of the deities and in those in honour of the Pitris should never be given away to a Brahmana that has accepted service under the king, or that rings the bell or attends to subsidiary duties in acts of worship or at Sraddhas, or that keeps kine, or that is engaged in trade, or that follows some art as a profession, or that is an actor, or that quarrels with friends or that is destitute of Vedic studies, or that marries a Sudra woman.
Mbh.13.126.11005 He fails, again, to gratify his Pitris by doing such an act.
Mbh.13.126.11006 From the house of that person whence a guest returns unsatisfied, the Pitris, the deities, and the sacred fires, all return disappointed in consequence of such treatment of the guest.
Mbh.13.126.11011 His Pitris become filled with fear.
Mbh.13.126.11019 He who offers the Pitris rice boiled in sugared milk, sitting with face directed to the south at noontide in the shade caused by an elephant's body, in the month of Bhadrapada, under the constellation Magha, acquires great merits.
Mbh.13.126.11021 The man who makes such an offering to the Pitris under such circumstances, is regarded as performing a great Sraddha each year for thirteen years in succession
Mbh.13.127.11047 The Pitris of such a person become annoyed with him
Mbh.13.127.11049 His Pitris become enraged with him, and his race and the family become extinct'
Mbh.13.127.11050 Sree said, That sinful house, in which eating and drinking vessels and seats and beds lie scattered, and in which women are beaten, the deities and Pitris leave in disgust.
Mbh.13.127.11051 Verily, without accepting the offerings made unto them by the owners of such houses, the deities and the Pitris fly away from such a sinful habitation'
Mbh.13.127.11065 The Pitris of the man who allows such a woman to come near the place where the Sraddha is being performed by him, do not become gratified with him for thirteen years.
Mbh.13.128.11080 That man who offers for the four months of the rainy season sesame and water unto the Pitris, and food, according to the best of his power, unto a Brahmana well-conversant with the duties, who duly pours libations on the sacred fire, and makes offerings of rice boiled in sugared milk, who gives lamps in honour of the Pitris, with sesame and water, verily he who does all this with faith and concentrated attention acquires all the merits that attach to a hundred sacrifices in which animals are offered to the deities.
Mbh.13.128.11085 His Pitris, together with the deities are never gratified with him.
Mbh.13.128.11091 His Pitris also, when the time comes for him for performing the Sraddha, become gratified with him.
Mbh.13.129.11094 SECTION CXXIX Lomasa said, The Pitris of those men who, without having wedded wives of their own, betake themselves to the wives of other people, become filled with disappointment when the time for the Sraddhas comes.
Mbh.13.129.11096 Without doubt, the Pitris of such people cut them off without desiring to have any intercourse with them.
Mbh.13.129.11097 The offerings they make fail to gratify the deities and the Pitris.
Mbh.13.129.11110 That man who, rising at early dawn and purifying himself by a bath, attires himself in white robes and with the concentrated attention makes gifts unto Brahmanas of vessels full of sesame seeds, who makes offerings unto the Pitris of water with sesame seeds and honey, and who gives lamps as also the food called Krisara acquires substantial merits.
Mbh.13.129.11116 I have thus recited the ancient ordinance, laid down by the Rishis, that is highly applauded by both the Pitris and the deities in their respective regions
Mbh.13.130.11117 SECTION CXXX Bhishma said, The Rishis there assembled, together with the Pitris and the deities, then, with concentrated attention, questioned Arundhati the spouse of Vasishtha who was endued with great ascetic merit.
Mbh.13.130.11133 After Arundhati had said these words, all the deities and Pitris applauded her, saying, Excellent, Excellent' Indeed, all the beings there were highly gratified and all of them worshipped Arundhati'
Mbh.13.130.11181 Endued with great splendour, he addressed all the deities and the Pitris, saying Ye have heard the mysteries relating to duty, as propounded by the high-souled Chitragupta.
Mbh.13.130.11188 These five are avoided by the Pitris, the deities, the Snataka Brahmanas, and other regenerate persons that are devoted to the practice of penances
Mbh.13.131.11189 SECTION CXXXI Bhishma said, Then all the highly blessed deities and the Pitris, and the highly blessed Rishis also, addressing the Pramathas, said Ye are all highly blessed beings.
Mbh.13.132.11215 Renuka, proceeding to where those elephants are, addressed them, saying, Ye mighty creatures, I have been commanded by the deities and the Pitris to question you about the mysteries of religion and duty.
Mbh.13.132.11230 Hearing these words of the mighty elephants, the deities and the Pitris and the highly blessed Rishis, all applauded Renuka
Mbh.13.134.11267 The deities and the Pitris eat, for ever the Havya and the Kavya offered by such a creature.
Mbh.13.134.11272 He succeeds, besides this, in becoming the favourite, for all time, of the Rishis and the deities and the Pitris.
Mbh.13.141.11638 He should pour libations in honour of the Pitris and the deities.
Mbh.13.141.11653 Well-cleaned and well-rubbed, his house should also be every day fumigated with the smoke of clarified butter poured on his sacred fire in honour of the deities and the Pitris.
Mbh.13.141.11785 Thus residing near enough to the region of the Pitris, they duly subsist by drinking the rays of Soma.
Mbh.13.141.11789 They pour libations of clarified butter on the sacred fire, and adore the Pitris under proper forms.
Mbh.13.141.11797 With corn wealth acquired by the Unchha mode, they should discharge the following duties, viz, the pouring of libations on the sacred fire, occupying a fixed seat employing oneself the while in the sacrifice called Dharmaratri, performance of she Soma-sacrifice, acquisition of especial knowledge, the giving of sacrificial presents which forms the fifth, the daily performance of sacrifices, devotion to the worship of the Pitris and the deities, hospitality towards all.
Mbh.13.142.11811 Performing ablutions thrice a day, worshipping the Pitris and the deities, pouring libations on the sacred fire, performing those sacrifices and rites that go by the name of Ishti-homa, picking up the grains of Nivara-paddy, eating fruit and roots, and using oil that is pressed out from Inguda and castor-seeds are their duties.
Mbh.13.143.11958 He should worship the Pitris and gods and guests.
Mbh.13.149.12531 He whose acts are never futile, He that cleanses those that worship Him, those that hear of Him and those that think of Him, He that is endued with pre-eminent energy and strength, He that transcends Indra in all attributes, He that accepts all His worshippers, He that is the Creation itself in consequence of His being the Causes thereof, He that upholds His self in the same form without being ever subject to birth, growth, or death, He that sustains all creatures in their respective functions in the universe, He that controls the hearts of all creatures CLI, CLXII; He that deserves to be known by those who wish to achieve what is for their highest good; He who is the celestial physician in the form of Dhanwantari, or He who cures that foremost of all diseases, viz, the bonds that bind one to the world; He that is always engaged in Yoga; He that slays great Asuras for establishing Righteousness; He that is the Lord of that Lakshmi who sprang from the ocean when it was churned by the deities and the Asuras, or, He that cherishes both the goddesses of prosperity and learning; He that is honey in consequence of the pleasure He gives to those that succeed in having a taste of him; He that transcends the senses or is invisible to those that turn away from Him; He that is possessed of great powers of illusion manifested in His beguiling Mahadeva and the deities on many occasions; He that puts forth great energy in achieving mighty feats; He that transcends all in might CLXIII, CLXXII; He that transcends all in intelligence; He that transcends all in puissance; He that transcends all in ability; He that discovers the universe by the effulgence emanating from his body; He whose body is incapable of being ascertained by the eye or any other sense organ of knowledge; He that is possessed of every beauty; He whose soul is incapable of being comprehended by either deities or men; He that held on his back, in the form of the vast tortoise, the huge mountain, Mandara, which was made the churning staff by the deities and the Asuras when they set themselves to churn the great ocean for obtaining therefrom all the valuables hid in its bosom; or, He who held up the mountains of Govardhana in the woods of Brinda for protecting the denizens of that delightful place, who were especial objects of His kindness, from the wrath of Indra who poured incessant showers for days together with a view to drowning every thing CLXXIII, CLXXX; He that can shoot His shafts to a great distance, piercing through obstruction of every kind; He that raised the submerged Earth, having assumed the form of the mighty Boar; He on whose bosom dwells the goddess of Prosperity; or He that is identical with Kama, the lord of Rati; He that is the Refuge of those that are righteous; He that is incapable of being won without thorough devotion; or, He that is incapable of being immured or restrained by any one putting forth his powers; He that is the delight of the deities, or, He that is the embodiment of fullness of joy; He that rescued the submerged Earth; or He that understands the hymns addressed to him by His devotees; He that is the Master of ell eloquent persons or He that dispels the calamities of all those who know him CLXXXL, CLXXXVIII; He that is full of blazing effulgence He that suppressed the afflictions of His adorers; or, He that assumes the form of Yama, the universal Destroyer, for chastising all persons that fall away from their duties; He that assumed the form of a Swan for communicating the Vedas to the Grandsire Brahman; or, He that enters into the bodies of all persons; He that has Garuda, the prince of the feathery denizens of the welkin, for His vehicle; He that is the foremost of snakes in consequence of His identity with Sesha or Ananta who upholds on his head the vast Earth, or, He that has the hood of the prince of snakes for His bed while He lies down to sleep on the vast expansion of water after the dissolution of the universe; He whose navel is as beautiful as gold; He that underwent the severest austerities in the form of Narayana at Vadari on the breast of Himavat; He whose navel resembles a lotus; or, He from whose navel sprang the primeval lotus in which the Grandsire Brahma was born; He that is the Lord of all creatures CLXXXIX, CXCVII; He that transcends death; or, He that wards off Death from those that are devoted to him; He that always casts a kind eye on His worshippers; or, He that sees all things in the universe; He that destroys all things; or, He that drenches with nectar all those that worship Him with single-minded devotion; He that is the Ordainer of all ordainers; or, He that unites all persons with the consequences of their acts; He that himself enjoys and endures the fruits of all acts, or, He that assumed the form of Rama, the son of Dasaratha, and going into exile at the command of His sire made a treaty with Sugriva the chief of the Apes for aiding him in the recovery of his kingdom from the grasp of his elder brother Vali in return for the assistance which Sugriva promised Him for recovering from Ravana His wife Sita who had been ravished by that Rakshasa and borne away to his island home in Lanka, He that is always of the same form; or, He that is exceedingly affectionate unto His worshippers; He that is always moving; or, He that is of the form of Kama who springs up in the heart of every creature; He that is incapable of being endured by Danavas and Asuras or, He that rescued His wife Sita after slaying Ravana, or, He that shows compassion towards even Chandalas and members of other low castes when they approach Him with devotion, in allusion to His friendship, in the form of Rama, for Guhaka the chief of the Chandalas, inhabiting the country known by the name of Sringaverapura; He that chastises the wicked; or, He that regulates the conduct of all persons by the dictates of the Srutis and the Smritis; He whose soul has true knowledge for its indication; or, He that destroyed Ravana, the foe of the gods, having assumed the form of Rama that was full of compassion and other amiable virtues; He that destroys the foes of the deities or, He that slays those who obstruct or forbid the giving of presents unto deserving persons CXCVII, CCVIII; He that is the instructor in all sciences and the father of all; He that is the instructor of even the Grandsire Brahma; He that is the abode or resting place of all creatures; He that is the benefactor of those that are good and is free from the stain of falsehood; He whose prowess is incapable of being baffled; He that never casts his eye on such acts as are not sanctioned or approved by the scriptures; He that casts his eye on such acts as are sanctioned or approved by the scriptures; or, He whose eye never winks or sleeps; He that wears the unfading garland of victory called by the name of Vaijayanti; He that is the Lord of speech and that is possessed of great liberality insomuch that He rescued the lowest of the low and the vilest of the vile by granting them His grace CCLX, CCXVIII; He that leads persons desirous of Emancipation to the foremost of all conditions, viz, Emancipation itself; or, He that assumes the form of a mighty Fish and scudding through the vast expanse of waters that cover the Earth when the universal dissolution comes, and dragging the boat tied to His horns, leads Manu and others to safety; He that is the leader of all creatures; or, He that sports in the vast expanse of waters which overwhelm all things at the universal dissolution; He whose words are the Veda and who rescued the Vedas when they were submerged in the waters at the universal dissolution; He that is the accomplisher of all functions in the universe; He that assumes the form of the wind for making all living creatures act or exert themselves; or, He whose motions are always beautiful, or, who wishes His creatures to glorify Him; He that is endued with a thousand heads; He that is the Soul of the universe and as such pervades all things; He that has a thousand eyes and a thousand legs; CCXIX, CCXXVI; He that causes the wheel of the universe to revolve at His will; He whose soul is freed from desire and who transcends those conditions that invest Jiva and to which Jiva is liable; He that is concealed from the view of all persons that are attached to the world; or, He that has covered the eyes of all persons with the bandage of nescience; He that grinds those that turn away from him; He that sets the days a-going in consequence of His being identical with the Sun; He that is the destroyer of all-destroying Time itself; He that conveys the libations poured on the sacred fire unto those for whom they are intended; or, He that bears the universe, placing it on only a minute fraction of His body; He that has no beginning; or, He that has no fixed habitation He that upholds the Earth in space in the form of Sesha, or, rescues her in the form of the mighty boar or supports her as a subtil pervader CCXXVII, CCXXXV; He that is exceedingly inclined to grace, insomuch that He grants happiness to even foes like Sisupala; He that has been freed from the attributes of Rajas passion and Tamas darkness so that He is pure or stainless Sattwa by itself; or, He that has obtained the fruition of all His wishes; He that supports the universe; He that feeds or enjoys the universe; He that is displayed in infinite puissance; He that honours the deities, the Pitris, and His own worshippers; He that is honoured or adored by those that are themselves honoured or adored by others; or, He whose acts are all beautiful and enduring; He that accomplishes the purposes of others; or, He that is the benefactor of others; He that withdraws all things unto Himself at the universal dissolution; or, He that destroys the foes of the deities or of His worshippers; He that has the waters for his home; or, He that is the sole Refuge of all creatures or He that destroys the ignorance of all creatures CCXXXVI, CCXLVI; He that is distinguished above all, He that cherishes the righteous, He that cleanses all the worlds, He that crowns with fruition the desires of all creatures, He whose wishes are always crowned with fruition, He that gives success to all, He that bestows success upon those that solicit Him for it CCXLVII, CCLVI; He that presides over all sacred days; or, He that overwhelms Indra himself with His own excellent attributes, He that showers all objects of desire upon His worshippers, He that walks over all the universe, He that offers the excellent flight of steps constituted by Righteousness unto those that desire to ascend to the highest place; He that has Righteousness in His abdomen; or, He that protects Indra even as a mother protects the child in her womb; He that aggrandises His worshippers, He that spreads Himself out for becoming the vast universe, He that is aloof from all things though pervading them; He that is the receptacle of the ocean of Srutis CCLVII, CCLXIV; He that is possessed of excellent arms ie, arms capable of upholding the universe; He that is incapable of being borne by any creature, He from whom flowed the sounds called Brahman or Veda, He that is the Lord of all Lords of the universe, He that is the giver of wealth, He that dwells in His own puissance, He that is multiform, He that is of vast form, He that resides in the form of Sacrifice in all animals, He that causes all things to be displayed CCLXV, CCLXXIV, He that is endued with great might, energy, and splendour; He that displays Himself in visible forms to His worshippers, He that scorches the unrighteous with His burning energy, He that is enriched with the sixfold attributes of affluence, etc,
Mbh.13.149.12563 The Rishis, the Pitris, the deities, the great primal elements, the metals, indeed, the entire mobile and immobile universe, has sprung from Narayana.
Mbh.13.150.12571 What is that Mantra for recitation which bestows success if recited on the occasion of setting out on a journey or in entering a new building, or at the commencement of any undertaking, or on the occasion of sacrifices in honour of the deities or of the Pitris?
Mbh.13.150.12599 They are Mrityu, Kala, the Viswedevas, the Pitris endued with forms, the great Rishis possessed of wealth of penances, the Munis, and others crowned with success and devoted to penances and emancipation.
Mbh.13.150.12672 The man who recites these names on the occasions of performing the rites in honour of the deities or the Pitris, helps the Pitris and deities eat the sacrificial Havya and Kavya.
Mbh.13.155.12925 The sacrifices of the deities were all seized, and the Swadha of the Pitris was also misappropriated.
Mbh.13.158.13165 He is the soul of the deities and human beings, and Pitris.
Mbh.13.158.13236 He it is that has created the deities, the Asuras, the human beings, the world, the Rishis, the Pitris, and all creatures.
Mbh.13.159.13257 When one sets oneself to the acquisition of the well-known aggregate of three viz, Righteousness, Wealth, and Pleasure, or to the achievement of Emancipation, or to that of fame and prosperity, or to the treatment and cure of disease, or to the worship of the deities and the Pitris, one should take care to gratify the regenerate ones.
Mbh.13.162.13575 With well-cooked frumenty, Yavaka, Krisara, and Havi clarified butter, one should worship the Pitris and the deities in the Sraddha called Ashtaka.
Mbh.13.165.13692 Then comes the three-eyed Lord of Lima; then Skanda the generalissimo of the celestial forces; then Visakha; then Agni the eater of sacrificial libations; then Vayu the god of wind; then Chandramas; then Aditya the god of the sun, endued with effulgence; then the illustrious Sakra the lord of Sachi; and Yama with his spouse Dhumorna; and Varuna with Gauri; Kuvera the lord of treasures, with his spouse Riddhi; the amiable and illustrious cow Surabhi; the great Rishi Visravas; Sankalpa, Ocean, Gangs: the other sacred Rivers; the diverse Maruts; the Valkhilyas crowned with success of penances; the island-born Krishna; Narada; Parvata; Viswavasu; the Hahas; the Huhus; Tumvuru; Chitrasena; the celestial messenger of wide celebrity; the highly blessed celestial maidens; the celestial Apsaras, Urvasi, Menaka, Rambha; Misrakesi, Alamvusha, Viswachi, Ghritachi, Panchachuda, Tilottama, the Adityas, the Vasus, the Aswins, the Pitris; Dharma Righteousness; Vedic lore, Penances, Diksha, Perseverance in religious acts, the Grandsire, Day and Night, Kasyapa the son of Marichi, Sukra, Vrihaspati, Mangala the son of Earth, Vudha, Rahu, Sanischara, the Constellations, the Seasons, the Months, the Fortnights, the Year, Garuda, the son of Vinata, the several Oceans, the sons of Kadru, viz, the Snakes, Satadru, Vipasa, Chandrabhaga, Saraswati, Sindhu, Devika, Prabhasa, the lakes of Pushkara, Ganga, Mahanadi, Vena, Kaveri, Narmada, Kulampuna Visalya, Karatoya, Amvuvahini.
Mbh.13.166.13727 Devoted to the practice of the Kshatriya order, do thou, O son of Pritha, gratify the Pitris and the deities.
Mbh.14.29.1177 The Pitris then said, O foremost of all victorious men, it behoves thee not to slay these inferior Kshatriyas.
Mbh.14.30.1179 SECTION XXX The Pitris said, In this connection is cited this old history.
Mbh.14.32.1307 All these acts of mine are for the sake of the deities, the Pitris, the Bhutas, together with guests,
Mbh.14.37.1506 They make gifts, accept gifts, offer oblations to the Pitris, and pour libations on the sacrificial fire.
Mbh.14.42.1716 Him all conclaves of learned Brahmanas, deities and Asuras, and Yakshas, and Pisachas, the Pitris, and birds, and bands of Rakshasas, and bands of ghostly beings, and all the great Rishis, praise
Mbh.14.43.1723 Yama is the lord of the Pitris; Ocean is the lord of all rivers.
Mbh.14.51.2206 Human beings, Pitris, deities, sacrificial animals, beasts and birds, and all other creatures mobile and immobile, by always devoting themselves to penances, become crowned with success by penance alone.
Mbh.14.90.4182 The Pitris residing in their own region have all been rescued by thee.
Mbh.14.90.4183 Others also who have not attained to the position of Pitris have equally been rescued by thee for countless Yugas.
Mbh.14.92.4302 Among them were also men who never took any food unless it was placed before them by others solicitous of feeding them, and those who never ate anything without having first served the deities, the Pitris, and guests, and those who never washed the food which they took.
Mbh.14.92.4378 Those for whom I had kept this milk are the highly blessed Pitris.
Mbh.14.92.4381 Through the curse of the Pitris he became a mongoose.
Mbh.14.92.4382 He then began to gratify the Pitris in order to bring about an end of his curse.
Mbh.15.1.21 The holy Vyasa also used to often meet with the old monarch and recite to him the histories of old Rishis and celestial ascetics and Pitris and Rakshasas.
Mbh.15.2.47 On days of performing the rites ordained for the Pitris, as also in the Sraddhas performed for his sons and all well-wishers, the high-souled Kuru king Dhritarashtra, gave away unto Brahmanas, as each deserved, as profuse measures of wealth as he liked.
Mbh.15.14.621 It was even in this way, O king, that that monarch made gifts for the advancement in the other world of his sons and grandsons and Pitris as also of himself and Gandhari.
Mbh.15.26.992 Dost thou, O king of kings, adore with devotion the Pitris and the deities?
Mbh.16.2.64 They showed disregard for Brahmanas and the Pitris and the deities, They insulted and humiliated their preceptors and seniors.
Mbh.18.5.282 The Pitris of that man who recites even a small portion of this history at a Sraddha, obtain inexhaustible food and drink.
Mbh.18.5.300 In the region of the Pitris fifteen lakhs, it should be known, are current; while in that of the Yakshas fourteen lakhs are in vogue.
Mbh.18.5.302 Narada recited the Mahabharata to the gods; Asita-Devala to the Pitris; Suka to the Rakshasas and the Yakshas; and Vaishampayana to human beings.
Jijith.JPG
Jijith Nadumuri Ravi
Research data published for the interest of people researching on Mahabharata.
Suggestions are welcome: email:moc.liamg|rnhtijij#moc.liamg|rnhtijij
Reference:- Mahabharata of Krishna Dwaipayana Vyasa, translated to English by Kisari Mohan Ganguli; Source of Plain Text: www.sacred-texts.com; Wikified at AncientVoice.

Search more about this:-

Share:- Facebook

Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License