Rigveda: Talageri:- Uncategorized Nouns

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Acknowledgements

Acknowledgements, And, Back, Belgian, Books, Bryant, Dileep, Elst, Erdosy, Gnoli, Griffith, Home, However, India, Indian, Indians, Karanth, Koenraad, Mair, Nichols, Ralph, Rigveda, Shri Sita Ram Goel, Sudhir Subrahmanya, This, Vedic RSis, ViSvabandhu, VOI, Winn, Witzel Skj

Preface

Abraham, According, AdivAsI, Again, All, Amorites, And, AnukramaNIs, Argob, Aryan, Aryans, Aryans”, AryAvarta, Australian Aborigines, Bachan, Back, Bharatas, Bhargava’s, Bible, But, But Griffith, Canaan, Canaanites, Christianity, Destruction, Deuteronomy, Egypt, Epic, European, Footnotes, God, Gods”, God”, Griffith, Griffith’s, Heshbon, Hindu, Hinduism, Hittites, Hivites, Home, However, India, Indian, Indians, India”, Indices, Indo, Indo Aryan, Indo European, Inhabitants, Isaac, Israel, Jacob, Jebusites, Jericho, Jews, Jordan, Lord, MaNDala, MaNDala VIII, Manual, Max, Minus, Moab, Moses, Most, Native Americans, Numbers, Original, Other, Palestine, Perizzites, PREFACE, Punjab, PurANas, Puranic, PUrus, References, Rigveda, Rigvedic, Roman, RSis, Saptasindhu, Sihon, The, The Bible, The Punjab, The Rigveda, The System, Therefore, This, Thus, Top, Traditinal, Traditional, Translations, UNESCO, United Nations, VAlakhilya, Vedic, Vedic Aryans, VIII, Voice, Western, What, When, While, ‘But, ‘Say

1. The AnukramaNIs

AbhitApa Saurya, AbhIvarta ANgiras, Actual, Actual Composer, Aditi, Agastya, Agastya MaitrAvaruNI, AghamarSaNa MAdhucchandas, Agneya, Agni, Agni BArhaspatya, Agni CakSuSa, Agni DhISNya AiSvaraya, Agni SaucIka, Agni Saucika, Agni TRpasa, Agniyuta Sthaura, Aindra, AjamILha, AkRSTa MASA, All, AmahIyu ANgiras, AmbarISa, AmbarISa VArSAgira, AMhomuk VAmadevya, AnAnata PArucchepi, AndhIgu SyAvASvI, ANga Aurava, ANgiras, ANgirases, Anila VAtAyana, AnukramaNI, AnukramaNIs, ApAlA AtreyI, Apratiratha Aindra, AprI, Arbuda KAdraveya Sarpa, Arcan HairaNyastUpa, ArcanAnas, ArcanAnas Atreya, AriSTanemi TArkSya, AruNa Vaitahavya, AsaNga, Asita KASyapa, ASTAdaMSTra VairUpa, ASTaka VaiSvAmitra, ASvamedha, ASvasUktin, Atreya, Atreyas, Atri, Atri Bhauma, Atri SAnkhya, Avasyu Atreya, AvatsAra KASyapa, AyAsya ANgiras, Ayu KANva, Babhru Atreya, Back, BAhuvRkta Atreya, Bandhu, Baru ANgiras, BharadvAja, BhAradvAja, BharadvAja BArhaspatya, Bharga PrAgAtha, BhArgava, BhAvayavya, BhayamAna, BhikSu ANgiras, BhiSag AtharvaNa, BhRgu, BhUtAMSa KASyapa, Bhuvana Aptya, Bindu ANgiras, Bloomfield, Books, BrahmAtithi KANva, BRhaddiva AtharvaNa, BRhaduktha VAmadevya, BRhanmati ANgiras, BRhaspati ANgiras, Budha, Budha Saumya, But, CakSu MAnava, CakSu Saurya, CCAIHO, Chapter, Chhanda, CitramahA VAsiSTha, Classical, Consider, DakSiNA PrAjApatya, Damana YAmAyana, Devala KASyapa, DevamunI Airammada, DevApi ArSTiSeNa, DevarAta, DevaSravas, DevaSravas YAmAyana, DevatA, DevAtithi KANva, DevavAta, DharuNa ANgiras, Dhruva ANgiras, Dialogue, DIrghatamas Aucathya, Divya ANgiras, DRLhacyuta Agastya, DroNa, Durmitra, Duvasyu VAndana, Dvita Aptya, Dvita Atreya, Dyumna ViSvacarSaNI Atreya, DyumnIka, Ekadyu NaudhAsa, EtaSa, EvayAmarut Atreya, Even, Fictitious Composers, Footnotes, For, Garga BharadvAja, GAthin KauSika, GAthina, GAtu Atreya, GaupAyanas, GaurivIti SAktya, GaurIvIti SAktya, GaviSThira Atreya, Gaya Atreya, Gaya PlAta, Gharma Saurya, Ghora, GhoSA KAkSIvatI, Ghosh, Gilbert Murray, Gods, Gopavana Atreya, GoSUktin KANva, Gotama RAhUgaNa, Greek, GRtsamada, GRtsamada Saunahotra, GRtsamada Saunaka, Harimanta ANgiras, Haryata PrAgAtha, HavirdhAna ANgi, HCIP, Hence, HiraNyagarbha PrAjApatya, HiraNyastUpa ANgiras, Home, However, Hymn, Hymns, IdhmavAha DArLhacyuta, III, Indra, Indra MuSkavAn, Indra VaikuNTha, IndramAtara DevajAmaya, IndrANI, Indrapramati, IrimbiTha KANva, ISa Atreya, ITa BhArgava, Jamadagni, Jamadagni BhArgava, JaratkarNa Sarpa AirAvata, JaritR, Jaya Aindra, JetA MAdhucchandas, JuhU BrahmajAyA, JUti, KakSIvAn, KakSIvAn Dairghatamas, Kali PrAgAtha, KANva, KaNva Ghaura, KaNvas, Kapota NairRta, Karikrata, KarNaSrut VAsiSTha, KASirAja, KaSyapa, KaSyapa MArIca, Kata VaiSvAmitra, Kautsa, KavaSa AilUSa, Kavi BhArgava, Ketu Agneya, Kosambi, Kosambi’s, KRSa KANva, KRSNa Angiras, KRSna ANgiras, KRtnu BhArgava, KumAra, Kumara, KumAra YAmAyana, KUrma GArtsamada, Kurusuti KANva, KuSika AiSIrathI, KuSika Saubhara, Kutsa, Kutsa ANgiras, Laba Aindra, LopAmudrA, LuSa DhAnaka, Madhucchandas, Madhucchandas VaiSvAmitra, MaitrAvaruNI, MAnava, MaNDala, MaNDala III, MaNDala VII, MaNDala VIII, MaNDalas, MaNDala…”, MAndhAtA YauvanASva, Manu Apsava, Manu SamvaraNa, Manu Vaivasvata, MAnya, Manyu, Manyu TApasa, MArIca, Maruts, MAtariSvan KANva, Matitha YAmAyana, Matsya SAmmada, Maurice, MedhAtithi, MedhAtithi KANva, Medhya KANva, MedhyAtithi KANva, Most, MRLIka, MRLIka VAsiSTha, Mudgala BhArmyaSva, MUrdhanvAn VAmadevya, Nabhahprabhedana VairUpa, NAbhAka KANva, NAbhAnediSTha MAnava, NahuSa, NAhuSa, Nara BharadvAja, NArada, NArada KANva, NArAyaNa, Nema BhArgava, Next, Nidhruvi KASyapa, NIpAtithi, NIpAtithi KANva, NodhAs Gautama, Not, NRmedha ANgiras, PaNis, ParASara, Parucchepa, Parucchepa DaivodAsI, Parvata, Parvata KANva, PataNga PrAjApatya, Paura Atreya, Paurukutsa, PAvaka, Pavitra ANgiras, PAyu BhAradvAja, PAyu BharadvAja, PrabhUvasu ANgiras, Pracetas ANgiras, PragAtha KANva, PrAgAtha KANva, Prajapati, PrajApati, PrajApati ParameSThin, PrajApati VAcya, PrajApati VaiSvAmitra, PrajAvAn PrAjApatya, PraskaNva KANva, Pratardana, Pratardana DaivodAsI, Pratha VAsiSTha, PratibhAnu Atreya, PratikSatra Atreya, Pratiprabha Atreya, Pratiratha Atreya, Prayasvanta Atreya, Prayoga BhArgava, Priyamedha, Priyamedha ANgiras, PRSadhra KANva, PRSni, PRthu Vainya, Punarvatsa KANva, PUraNa VaiSvAmitra, PUru Atreya, Puruhanman ANgiras, Purumedha, PurumILha ANgiras, PurumILha Sauhotra, PurUravas AiLa, PuSTigu KANva, PUtadakSa, Quoting, RahUgaNa ANgiras, RakSohA BrAhma, RAma JAmadagnya, RAtahavya Atreya, RAtrI BhAradvAjI, Rebha KASyapa, RebhAsUnu KASyapas, ReNu VaiSvAmitra, Repetitions”, RGE, Rigveda, Rigvedic, Rigvedic Repetitions, Rivers, RjiSvan, RjiSvan BhAradvAja, RjrASva, RjrASva VArSAgira, RomaSA, RSabha VairAja SAkvara, RSabha VaiSvAmitra, RSi, RSis, RSyaSRnga, Sabara KAkSIvata, SacI PaulomI, SadApRNa Atreya, SAdhana Aptya, Sadhri VairUpa, Sadhvamsa KANva, Sahadeva, SakapUta NArmedha, Sakti, SAktya, SaMvanana ANgiras, SamvaraNa PrAjApatya, SaMvarta ANgiras, Samyu BArhaspatya, Sankha YAmAyana, Sankusuka YAmAyana, Sapratha, Saptagu ANgiras, SaptaRSis, Saptavadhri Atreya, Sapti VAjambhara, SaramA, SArisRkva, SArNga, SArparAj, Sarvahari, SarvAnukramaNI, SAryAta MAnava, Sasa Atreya, SAsa BhAradvAja, SaSakarNa KANva, SaSvatI, Sata VaikhAnasa, Sataprabhedana VairUpa, SatyadhRti VAruNi, SatyaSravas Atreya, Sauhotra, Saunaka, Savya ANgiras, Shown, Sibi AuSInara, Sikata NivAvarI, SindhudvIpa, SindhukSit Praiyamedha, SirimbiTha BhAradvAja, SiSu ANgiras, Sobhari KANva, Soma, SomAhuti BhArgava, Specific, SraddhA KAmAyanI, SruSTigu KANva, Srutabandhu, Srutavida Atreya, Stambhamitra, Subandhu, SudAs, SudAs Paijavana, SudIti PurumILha, Suhastya GhauSeya, Suhotra BharadvAja, SukakSa ANgiras, SukIrti KAkSIvata, Sumitra Kautsa, Sumitra VAdhryaSva, Sunahotra BharadvAja, SunahSepa AjIgarti, SUnu Arbhava, SuparNa KANva, SurAdhas, SUryA SAvitrI, Sutambhara Atreya, Suvedas SairISI, Svasti Atreya, SyAvASva Atreya, Syena Agneya, SyUmaraSmi BhArgava, TAnva PArthya, TapurmUrdhan BArhaspatya, The, The AnukramaNIs, The AprI, The Rigveda, There, Therefore, This, TiraScI ANgiras, Total, Trasadasyu, Trasadasyu Paurukutsa, TriSirAs TvASTra, TriSoka KANva, Trita Aptya, TryaruNa, TryaruNa TraivRSNa, Ucathya ANgiras, Ula VAtAyana, Under, Untrustworthiness, Upamanyu VAsiSTha, Upastuta VArSTihavya, UrdhvagrAvA Arbuda, Urdhvasadman YAmAyana, Uru ANgiras, Urucakri Atreya, UrukSaya ANgiras, UrvaSI, USanA KAvya, UtkIla KAtya, VAcya, VaiSvAmitra, VaiSvAmitra GAthina, VAk AmbhRNI, VAmadeva, VAmadeva Gautama, Vamra VaikhAnasa, VaruNa, VaSa ASvya, VAsiSTha, VasiSTha, VasiSTha MaitrAvaruNI, VasiSTha MaitrAvarunI, VasiSTha MaitrAvaruNI Sakti, VasiSThas, VasukarNa VAsukra, Vasukra Aindra, VasukRt VAsukra, Vasumanas RauhidaSva, Vasurocis, VasuSruta Atreya, VasUyava Atreya, VAtajUti, VAtaraSanas, Vatsa Agneya, Vatsa KANva, VatsaprI BhAlandana, Vavri Atreya, Vedic, Vena BhArgava, VibhrAt Saurya, Vihavya ANgiras, VII, VIII, Vimada Aindra, Vindu ANgiras, Viprabandhu, ViprajUti, VirUpa ANgiras, ViSNu PrAjApatya, ViSvaka KArSNI, ViSvakarmA Bhauvana, ViSvamanas VaiyaSva, ViSvAmitra, ViSvAmitra GAthina, ViSvAmitras, ViSvasAman Atreya, ViSvavArA AtreyI, ViSvavAsu Devagandharva, VItahavya, VivasvAn Aditya, VivRhA KASyapa, Volume, VRSa JAna Atreya, VRSagaNa VAsiSTha, VRSAkapi Aindra, VRSAnaka, Vsukra VAsiSTha, VyAghrapAda VAsiSTha, VyaSva, With, Yaj, Yajata Atreya, YakSmanASana PrAjApatya, Yama Vaivasvata, YamI VaivasvatI, YayAtI

2. The Composers of the Rigveda

AbhitApa, Aditya, Agastyas, AGASTYAS, AghamarSaNa, Agneya, AGNEYAS, Agni, Agni BArhaspatya, Aindra, AINDRAS, All, ANga, ANgi, ANgiras, Angirases, ANGIRASES, ANgirases, AnukramaNIs, Apart, Apratiratha, AprI, AriStanemi TArkSya, AtharvaNa, AtharvaNas, Atri, ATRIS, Atris, Aurava, AURAVAS, Back, Bhara, BharadvAja, Bharata, Bharatas, BHARATAS, BhArgava, BhdradvAjI, BhRgu, BhRgus, BHRGUS, But, CakSu, Chapter, Clarifications, Cyavana BhArgava, DakSiNA, Damana, DevaSravas, DraviNam, Family, FAMILY WISE HYMNS AND VERSES, FAMILY WISE NUMBER HYMNS AND VERSES, Footnotes, GAthina, GaurivIti SAktya, Gharma, Gharma Saurya, God, Gods, Gotama, Gotama RAhUgaNa, Griffith, Griffith’s, GRtsamada, GRTSAMADAS, GRtsamadas, HavirdhAna, HiraNyagarbha, Home, HOR, Hymn, III, Indra, Indra VaikuNTha, Indrapramati, Indra’s, ISamUrjam, Jamadagni, Jaya, JOINT, Joint ANgirases, Joint Atris, Joint KaNvas, Joint SaptaRSis, Joint ViSvAmitras, JyotiSA, Kali, KANva, KaNva, KANva RSi, KANVAS, KaNvas, KaSyapa, KaSyapas, KASYAPAS, Ketu, Kevala, KumAra, Kutsa, Kutsa ANgiras, Kutsas, Laba, Madhucchandas, MaitrAvaruNI, MaNDala, MaNDala III, MaNDala VII, MaNDala VIII, MaNDalas, Manyu, Manyu TApasa, Mathita, Mathita YAmAyana, MRLIka, MuSkavAn, NArAyaNa, Navagvas, NRmedha, One, Our, Outside, Paijavana, ParameSThin, PataNga, PrajApati, PrajApati ParameSThin, PrAjApatya, PRAJAPATYAS, PrajAvAn, PRthvI, PurUravas AiLa, RAhUgaNa, RAtrI, Renu, Rigveda, RSi, RSi Kutsa, RSis, SairISI, Sankha, Sankhasuka, Saptagu, Sapti VAjambhara, Sarvahari, SaucIka, Saunahotra, Saurya, Saurya RSis, SAURYAS, SavasA, SiSnA, SiSnadeva, SUcI, SudAs, SunahSepa AjIgarti, SUrya, SusandRSam, Suvedas SairISI, Syena, TABLE, Tapa, TApasa, The, The Composers, The Kutsas, These, This RSi, Those, Tradition, TriSanku, Unknown, UNKNOWN, Upastuta, Upastuta VArSTihavya, UrdhvakRSana, Uru ANgiras, UrvaSI, USanA KAvya, VaiSvAmitra, Vaivasvata, VaivasvatI, VAja, VAmadeva Gautama, Vamra VaikhAnasa, VAsiSTha, VasiSTha, VasiSTha RSis, VASISTHAS, VasiSThas, VasukarNa, VasukarNa VAsukra, Vasukra, VAsukra, Vasukra Aindra, Vasukri, VasukRta VAsukra, Vatsa, Verse, VibhrAjanjyotiSA, VibhrAT, VII, VIII, Vimada, ViSNu, ViSvAmitra, ViSvAmitras, VISVAMITRAS, ViSvAmitra’s, VivasvAn, VRSAkapi, Yaj, YakSmanASana, Yama, YAmAyana, YAMAYANAS, YamI, YamI VaivasvatI

3. The Chronology of the Rigveda

AbhyAvartin, Absolutives, According, Actually, Adhrigu, Agastya, Agneya, Agni, Aitareya BrAhmaNa, All, AmbarISa VArSAgira, Among, Amore, And, AND THE SYSTEM ASCRIPTIONS, AndhIgu SyAvASvI, ANgiras, ANgirases, Anu, AnukramaNIs, Anus, Any, Appendix, APPENDIX, AprI, Arjuneya, Asas, Ascriptions, Asterisks, Asuras, ASvamedha, ASvin, ASvins, AtharvaNa, Atharvana, Atharvaveda, Atithigva, Atithigva DivodAsa, Atithigvas, Atithigva’s, Atri, Atris, AuSija, AuSijas, AuSija’s, AvatsAra, Ayu, Babhru, Back, Baton Rouge, Besides, Between, BhAnu, BharadvAja, BhAradvAja, BharadvAjas, Bharata, Bharatas, Bhauma, BhRgu, BhRgu RSi, BhRgu RSis, BhRgus, Books, BrahmA, BrAhmaNa, Brahmanic, BRhaduktha, BRhaspati, Bright”, But, But MaNDala, CAyamAna, Chapter, Chaucer, Chronologically, Clearly, Click, Come, COMPOSERS, Composers, Conclusion, Curiously, DabhIti, Dadhyanc, Dairghatamas, DAnastuti, DAsa, DaSadyu, DaSagvas, Dasyus”, DevaSravas, DevavAta, Dhvasanti, Dhvasra, DIrghaSravas, DIrghatamas, DivodAsa, DivodAsa’s, DivodAsa”, Druhyu, Druhyus, Early, Early Family, Early Family MaNDalas, Early MaNDalas, Early Period, Eight MaNDala Rigveda, Electrical, Eleven Kings, Even, Even Griffith, Family, Family MaNDalas, Family Structure, FAMILY STRUCTURE, Finally, Firstly, Five, Footnotes, Formation, Forty, From, Further, GaupAyanas, GaurivIti SAktya, General, Geography, Ghora, Ghora ANgiras, Ghora’s, GhoSA, Ghosh, Gifts’, Give, Gods, Gotama, Grassmann, Griffith, Griffith’s, GRtsamada, GRtsamadas, HCIP, Hence, Hence SAyaNa, Here, Heroes”, Hiatus, HiraNyastUpa, His, Home, However, Hymn, Hymn VII, Hymns, III, IkSvaku, IkSvAku, IkSvAkus, Incidentally, Index, Indian, Indo Iranian Homeland, Indra, Indra Agni, Indra’s, Indra”, Indrota, Interrelationships, INTERRELATIONSHIPS AMONG, Introductions, Jamadagni, JetA, Kak, KakSIvAn, KakSIyAn, Kali, KANva, KaNva, KaNvas, Karanja, KaSyapa, KASyapa, KaSyapas, Kavi, Keith, King, King Purukutsa, Kings, KRSNa, KumAra Agneya, Kutsa, Kutsa RSis, Kutsas, Late, Late MaNDala, Late MaNDala VIII, Late MaNDalas, Later, Later Family, Later Family MaNDalas, Law, Likewise, Lord, Lords, Louisiana State University, Macdonell, Madhucchandas, Maghavan, MaitrAvaruNI, Major, MAmateya, MAna, MaNDala, MaNDala Detail, MaNDala III, MaNDala Rigveda, MaNDala VII, MaNDala VIII, MaNDalas, MaNDalas III, MaNDalas VIII, MaNDalas”, MaNDala… The, MandhAtA, Manu, Many, Manyu, MedhAtithi, Middle, Middle MaNDalas, Middle Period, Minor, Minor Kings, Misinterpreted, MISINTERPRETED WORDS, Mitra, Most, MRLIka, Mythical, NAbhAka, NAbhAka KANva, NahuSas, NaighaNTuka, Names, NArya, Narya, Navagvas, Needless, Nevertheless, Nine MaNDala Rigveda, NodhAs, Non, Not, Note, Now, Old, Only, Our, ParASara, ParNaya, Parucchepa, Parucchepa’s, Paura, Paurukutsa, Pavitra ANgiras, Period, Periods, Pijavana, PrajApati, PrajApati VAcya, PrAjApatya, PraskaNva, Pratardana, Pratardana DaivodAsI, PrAtardanI, Priests, Prime, Priyamedha, Prof, PRthuSravas, PurANas, PUru, PUru King, Purukutsa, Purukutsa’s, PurumILha, PUrus, PUru’s, Rebha, References, REFERENCES COMPOSERS, REFERENCES KINGS AND, Regarding, Rgveda, Rigveda, Rigvedic, RjiSvan, RjiSvan ANgiras, RjrASva, RjrASva VArSAgira, RNa, Roth, RSabha, RSi, RSi Atri, RSi KakSIvAn, RSi Kutsa, RSis, RSIS, RSis Kutsa, RSi”, RuSama, Sahadeva, Sambara, SamvaraNa, SaptaRsi, SaptaRSi, Saptavadhri, SaryAtA, SaryAta, SAryAta, Savya, SAyaNa, SAyana’s, Seven RSis, Shakespeare, Six, Six MaNDala Rigveda, Sobhari, Soma, Soma MaNDala, Somaka, SPECIAL CATEGORY, Splitting, SRnjaya, Srutaratha, Stressed, Structure, Subhash, Subjects, Such, SudAs, SudAs’, Sun, SunahSepa, Sun’s, Surprisingly, SUrya, SuSNa, SvarbhAnu, Svitrya, SyAvASvI Atreya, System, SyUmarASmI, That, The, The Agastya, The Atri MaNDala, The BharadvAja MaNDala, The Bharata Dynasty, The BhRgu, The BhRgus, The Chronology, The Early MaNDalas, The Early Period, The Family, The Family MaNDalas, The Family MaNDalas VII, The Family Structure, The Final Period, The Formation, The GRtsamada MaNDala, The Kutsa, The Kutsas, The Late MaNDalas, The Late Period, The Later Family MaNDalas, The MaNDalas, The MedhAtithi, The Middle, The Middle MaNDalas, The Middle Period, The Order, The Parucchepa, The Prakritic, THE RIGVEDA, The Rigveda, The Savya, The Structure, THE STRUCTURE AND FORMATION, The System, The Ten MaNDala Rigveda, The TRkSi Dynasty, The VAlakhilya, The VAmadeva MaNDala, The VasiSTha MaNDala, The ViSvAmitra MaNDala, The Western, Their, Then, There, Therefore, These, These Kings, These MaNDalas, They, This, This Atithigva, Those, Three Kings, Thus, Thy, TrAsadasyava, TrAsadasyavam”, Trasadasyu, Trasadasyu’s, TriSoka, TrkSi, TRkSi, TRkSi Kings, TRkSi Kings Purukutsa, TRkSim…, TRkSis, TurvaSa, TurvaSas, TUrvayANa, TUrvayANa”, TurvIti, Twilight, Two, Ultimately, Unfortunately, Unlike, Upastuta, USanA, USanA KAvya, USij, USij”, Using ViSvAmitra, VadhryaSva, VaiSvAmitra, Vajra, VAmadeva, VAmadeva MaNDala, VAmadevas, VAmadevya, Vamra, Vandana, VArSAgiras, VaruNa, VaSa, VasiSTha, VasiSThas, VasiSTha’s, VasiSTha”, Vasukra, Vayya, Vedic, Vedic Aryans, Vedic Mythology, VII, VIII, Vimada, ViSvaka, ViSvAmitra, ViSvAmitras, ViSvAmitra’s, VivasvAn’s, Vol, VyaSva, Waters, Western, What, When, Whereby, Whether, While, Why, With, Words, Yadu, Yadus, ‘eagerly, ‘Praise, ‘quickly, ‘vehement’

4. The Geography of the Rigveda

Abode, According, Adityas, Afghanistan, Africa, Agni, Agni Vaidyuta, AgniSToma, Aitareya BrAhmaNa, All, Although, America, American, AMSumatI, Ancient, And, ANgirases, Animal, AnitabhA, AnukramaNIs, Anus, ApagA, ApayA, ApayAyAm SarasvatyAm, Appendix, APPENDIX, AprI, Aptya, ApUpa, ArjIka, ArjIkA, ArjIkIyA, Armenian, Aryan, Aryans, Aryan”, AryAvarta, Asia, Asia”, AsiknI, ASmanvatI, Assan, ASvins, AtharvaNa, Atharvaveda, Atharvaveda…”, Athwya, AtirAtra, AuSija, AuSija’s, Avesta, Axis, Back, Baluch, Bara, BARTH, Beas, BERGAIGNE, BharadvAja, Bharata Kings, Bharata Period, Bharata RSi, Bharatas, BhAratI, Bhargava, BhArgava, BhRgu, BhRgu RSi, BhRgu RSis, BhRgus, Bibalus, Bibos, Bihar, Book, Both, Both Vivasvat, BrahmAvarta, BRhaspati, Bubalus, But, CALLED NEGATIVE, Central, Central Asia, ChacharaulI, Chapter, Chenab, Chinese, Clearly, Click, Come, Cristatus, Curiously, Dadhyanc, DaivodAsI, DASarAj, Dasyus, Deer, Delhi, Delhi”, DevavAta, DivodAsa, DRSadvatI, DRSadvatyAm, Druhyus, Early, Early Family MaNDalas, Early MaNDala, Early Period, East, Elaphus, Elephant, Ephedra, Epic, Europe, European, Europeans, Even, Evidence, EVIDENCE, Family MaNDalas, Far, Firstly, Five, Five Rivers, Five Rivers”, Footnotes, Further, Gadli, GandhAra, GandhArI, GandhArIs, GandhArI”, Gandharva, Gandharvas, Gandharvas…”, Gandharva’s, GaNgA, GaNgA YamunA Doab, Ganges, Gangetic, GaurI, Gaurus, General, Geography, Ghosh, Gilgit, Goddess, Goddesses, Gods, Gomal, GomatI, GORI, Gotama RAhUgaNa, Great, Great Goddesses, Griffith, Griffith’s, GRtsamadas, HanumAn CAlIsA, Hapta HAndu, Harappa, HaraxvaitI, HariyUpIyA, HariyUpIyA YavyAvatI, HAro, Haro, Haroiiu, Haryana, HCIP, Helmand, Hence, Here, Heroes, HILLEBRANDT, Hindu, Hinduism, Hoffman, Holy Ones, Home, However, IASA, IAW, III, ILA, IlA Ford, ILaspada, IlAspada, ILAyAspada, ILA’s, Incidentally, India, Indian, Indo, Indo European, Indo Europeans, Indo Iranian, Indra, Indra’s, Indus, Induses”, Indus”, Indus…, Iran, Iranian, Iranians, Ireland, Irish, JAhnAvI, JAhnavI, JahnAvI, JahnAvI”, JahnAvyAm, JahndvI, Jahnu, Jahnu’s, Jahnu”, Jamadagni, Jamadagni BhArgava, Jhelum, JhnAvI, Kabul, Kaithal, Kashmir, KASI, KASirAja, KaSu, KaSyapa, KaSyapas, Kavi, KavI BhArgava, Kevala, Key Rivers, KIkaTa, KIkaTas, King, Kings, Koer, Kopar, Krumu, KubhA, KUHN, Kunar, Kurrum, Kuruksetra, KurukSetra, KuSavA, KuSikas, Kutsas, Land, Lanka, Late MaNDala, Late MaNDalas, Late Period, Late Periods, Let, Linger, Lithuanian, Longman, Lower Indus, Macdonell, MadhyadeSa, Magadha, MahAbhArata, MahI, MaitrAvaruNI, MAnas, MaNDala, MaNDala III, MaNDala VII, MaNDala VIII, MaNDalas, MaNDalas VIII, Manu, MAnuSa, ManuSa…, Mark Kenoyer, MarudvRdhA, Maruts, Maruvardhvan, Maximus, Mbh, MBH, Mehatnu, Michael Witzel, Middle, Middle MaNDala, Middle Period, Mohenjodaro, MUjavat, NAbhA, Nahus, NAMES, Negative, Neither, Nevertheless, New Delhi, Nor, Northwestern Rivers, Nothing, Observing, Odana, One, Orient, Overnight Sacrifice, Panjkora, Pargiter, Parjanya, ParSu, ParSus, ParuSNI, ParuSNyAm, PavamAna, Pavo, Place, Possible, Pra, Pradesh, Praise, Pramaganda, Pratardana, Prayiyu, PRthus, Punjab, PurANamokah, Puranic, PuroLAS, PUru, Rajesh Kochhar, RAmAyaNa, RasA, RaupyA, Ravana’s, Ravi, Rgveda, Rgvedic, Rhipaean, Rice, Rigveda, Rigvedic, Rigvedic Aryans, Rigvedic Geography, River, Rivers, RSabha VaiSvAmitra, RSi, RSi Atri, RSi SyAvASva, RSis, Sahadeva, Sahadeva’s, Sanskrit, Saptasindhava, Saptasindhu, Saptasindhu”, SAraka, SAraka… There, SarasvatI, Sarayu, Sarayu”, SaryaNAvAn, Satlaj, SAyaNa, Scholiasts, Secondly, See, Seven, Seven Streams, Shergadh, Shine, Siddhas, SiMSumAra, Since, Sindhu, Siritoi, SohAn, Sohan, Soma, Soma PavamAna, SomAhuti BhArgava, Somaka, Soma’, Some, South, South Asia, Southeast Asia, Species, Spotted, SRnjaya, Srughna……”, SudAs, SudAs’s, Sun, Sun’s, Susartu, SusomA, SuSomA, SuSoma, SutudrI, Sutudri, SuturI, SuvAstu, SvetI, Sveti, SvetyAvarI, Swat, Thanesar”, That, That GandhArI, The, THE, The AsiknI, The Bharatas, The Buffalo, The Central Rivers, The Chital, The East, The Eastern Rivers, The Evidence, THE EVIDENCE ANIMAL NAMES, THE EVIDENCE PLACE NAMES, THE EVIDENCE RIVER, The Family, The GaNgA, The Geography, The Gods, The Indian Bison, The Indus, The KaSyapas, The MahAbhArata, The MaNDala, The Peacock, The Punjab, The Rigveda, THE RIGVEDIC RIVERS, The Rigvedic Rivers, The Saptasindhu, The SarasvatI, The Uttar, The Vedic People, The Westward Expansion, The YavyAvatI, Their, Their History, Then, There, Thereupon, These, They, Thirdly, This, Though, Three Great Goddesses, Thrita, Through, Thus, Tiger, Tigers, Tirindra, TIrthayAtrA Parva, Together, Trita, Trita Aptya, TRSTAmA, Tugra, TvaSTR, TvaSTR’, TvaSTR”, Unless, Urals, USanA KAvya, USanA KAvyA, Uttar, Uttar Pradesh, VAlmIki, VAlmIki RAmAyaNa, VAmadeva, VAmadeva Gautamas, Vana Parva, Vara, VasiSTha, VasiSThas, Vayiyu, Veda SaMhitAs, Vedic, Vedic Aryan, Vedic Aryans, Vena, VII, VIII, Vindhyas, VipAS, ViSvAmitra, ViSvAmitras, VitastA, Vivanhvant, VivasvAn’s, Vivasvat, VPHG, VyAghrapAda VAsiSTha, Western, What, Whatever, Whether, While, Within, Witzel, XXII, Yajurveda, Yama, YAmAyana, YamunA, YamunAyAm, YamunA…, YAska, YavyAvatI, Yet, Yima, Your, Zoroastrian, Zoroastrians, ‘small’, ‘the, ‘to

5. The Historical Identity of the Vedic Aryans

AbhyAvartin, According, Afghanistan, Agastya, Agastyas, Agni, AIHT, AiLas, Airya, AjamILha, All, Although, Among, And, AndhIgu SyAvASvI, ANgirases, Anu, Anus, Apart, AprI, Arya, Aryan, Aryans, Aryas, Asia, ASvins, Atharvaveda, Atreya, Atri, Atri RSi, Atri RSis, Atris, Austrics, Back, Battle, Beauteous One, BhadrASva, BharadvAja, Bharata, Bharatas, Bharata’s Agni”, BhAratI, Bharga PrAgAtha, Bhauma, BhImasena, BhRgus, Biblical, Book, Both, Brahmanism, But, CAyamAna, Central, Central Asia, Chapter, Clearly, Click, DAsa, DASarAj, DAsas, Dasyu, Dasyus, Dasyus”, DevaSravas, DevavAta, DhRtarASTra, Dhvasanti, Dhvasra, DivodAsa, DivodAsa’s, Dravidians, Druhyus, Early, Early Period, Eire, English, Even, FAMILIES, Families, Far, Footnotes, Four, Ganges Jumna, Geography, Germanic, God, Goddess, Goddess BhAratI, Goddesses, Gods, God’s, Good, Great Goddesses, Griffith, Griffith’s, GRtsamadas, Haryata PrAgAtha, Hence, Here, Hero, Home, However, III, IkSvAku, IkSvAkus, ILA, Ill, Incidentally, India, Indian, India’s, Indo, Indo European, Indo Europeans, Indo Iranians, Indoaryans, Indra, Iranian, Iranians, Irish, Irishman, IVA, Jamadagni, Kali PrAgAtha, KaNva, KANva, KaNva RSi, KaNvas, KASI, KaSyapas, KAThaka, Kavi CAyamAna, Kevala ANgirases, Kevala BhRgus, KuSika, KuSika Saubhara, Kutsa, Late, Late Period, Likewise, Lord, Lunar Race, MahI, MaNDala, MaNDala III, MaNDala VIII, MaNDalas, MaNDala”, MandhAtA, MandhAtA’s, Manu, ManuSa, Maruts, MatInAra, May, Middle, Middle Period, Mitra, Moreover, Mudgala, Nine, Noble”, North, Not, One, Only, PaNis, Pargiter, ParIkSita, Parucchepa DaivodAsI, Paurava, People, Pijavana, PrabhAkara, PragAtha, PragAtha KANva, Pratardana, PratIpa, Priestly, Punjab, PurANas, Puranic, PUrave…, PUru, PurujAti, Purukutsa, PUrus, PUruSa, PuruSa, PuruSanti, PUru”, RaudrASva, Rigveda, Rigveda”, Rigvedic, RkSa, RSi, RSis, RuSama PavIru, Sahadeva, SaMhitA, Sanskrit, Santanu, SarasvatI, SAyaNa’s, Sobhari, Sobhari KANva, Solar Race, Soma, Somaka, Some, South, South Russia, SRnjaya, SruStigu KANva, Srutarvan, SudAs, SudAs’, Sun, SuSanti, SyAvASva, SyAvASva Atreya, Table, Ten Kings, That, The, The Agastyas, The AiLas, The Anus, The AprI, The Aryas, THE ARYAS, The Atris, The Bharata PUru, The Bharatas, The BhRgus, The Five, The GRtsamadas, The Historical Identity, The KaNvas, The KaSyapas, The Kings, THE KINGS AND TRIBES, The PUrus, The Rigveda, THE RIGVEDA, The RSis, THE RSIS AND PRIESTLY, The Tribes, The Vedic, The Vedic Aryans, The ViSvAmitras, The Yadus, Their, There, Therefore, These, They, This, Three, Three Goddesses, Tradition, Traditional, Trasadasyu, Trasadasyu’s, TRkSi, TRkSis, TurvaSa, TurvaSas, Two, Unfortunately, VadhryaSva, VAmadeva, Varuna, VasiSTha, VasiSThas, VasiSTha’s, VAyu PurANa, Veda SaMhitAs, Vedic, Vedic Aryan, Vedic Aryans, Vedic Gods, VicitravIrya, Vidathin, VII, VIII, ViSvAmitra, ViSvAmitras, ViSvAmitra’s, VItahavya, VRcIvans, VRjinIvant, VRtra, Wealth…, When, While, Yadu, Yadus, Yajurveda

6. The Indo-Iranian Homeland

AbAn, AbAn YaSt, AbhyAvartin CAyamAna, About, About TUrvayANa, According, Achaemenian, Achaemenians, Achaemenid, ADarbAyjAn, Adi, Adityas, Afghanistan, AfrIn, After, Again, Agastyas, Ages”, Agni, Ahi VRtra, Ahura, Ahura Mazda, Ahuras, AIHT, AiLa, AirizAm, Airyana, Airyana VaEjah, Airyana VaEjah”, Akademie, Alans, Alexander”, Alinas, All, Although, AmbarISa, AmbaSThas, American, Among, Anauoi, Anauon, Anava, And, ANgiras, ANgiras BhRgu, ANgiras RSi, ANgirases, ANgiras”, Angra, Angra Mainyu, Angras, Annals, Anu, Anu Druhyu”, AnukramaNIs, Anus, Any, Anzan, AprI, Apsaras, Aptya, Arachosia, Aral, Aral Sea, Area, Areia, Areia”, Arejataspa, Ariana, ArianE, Ariani, ArjAsp, ArjAspa, ArjAspa’s, ArjAsp”, ArjIka, ArjIkIyA, ArNa, Artha, Arya, Aryan, Aryans, Aryans’…”, Aryas, Aryas”, AryAvarta, Asia, Assyrian, ASTAdhyAyI, Asuras, ASvin, ASvins, AtharvaNa, Atharvaveda, Athravan, Athravans, Athwya, Atris, AuSijas, Avesta, Avestan, Azhi Dahaka, Back, Bactria, Bactrian, Bactrians, Bactria”, Bad Spirit Angra Mainyu, BahrAm YaSt, Balkh, Baluchis, Baluchistan, Balx, BAx, Bax, BC”, Before, BehrAm, BhagavadgItA, BhalAnas, Bhandarkar Research Institute, Bharad, BharadvAjas, Bharata, BhArata, Bharatas, Bhargava, BhArgava, BhArgavas, BhayamAna, BhRgu, BhRgu RSis, BhRgu RSis AtharvaNa, BhRgus, BhRgus”, Bidarfsha, Bihar, Bisotun, Black, Black Sea, Book, Both, Boyce, BrahmA, BrahmaNaspati, BrahmAvarta, BRhaddevatA, BRhaspati, BunEr, Burrow, But, Cama Memorial Volume, Cambridge History, CarAtar, Carx, Caspian Ocean, Caspian Sea, Caucasus, Caxra, CAyamAnas, Central, Central Asia, Certain, Chapter, Charax, CHI, Chorasmia, Chorasmians, Cithra, Citraratha, Clearly, Click, Compendium, Composers, Dadhyanc, DaEva, DaEvas, Dahana, Dairghatamas AuSija, Dards, Darius I’s, Darius’s, Darmetester, DAsa, Dasa, DaSagvas, DASarAj, DAsas, DaSt, Dasyus, Deva, Deva Asura, Devas, Dharma, DIrghatamas, DivodAsa, Djakonov, Drangian, Drangiana, DRSadvatI, Druhyu, Druhyus, Early, Early Avesta, Early MaNDalas, Early Period, EARLY PERIOD, East, Elam, Eleven, Elsewhere, Epic Puranic, Epics, Episches, Erdosy, Esarhaddon, Etymology, European, Europeans, Even, Evidence, Family MaNDala, Family MaNDalas, Faridun, FarvardIn, FarvardIn YaSt, Footnotes, For, Frada, FrazdAnu, From, Further, Furthermore, Gandarewa, GandhAra, GandhArI, Gandharvas, Gaotema, Gaotemas, GAthAs, Gathic, GAthic, Gautama, Gautamas, Gava, Gawd, GAwdAr, GAyatrI, GayOmard, GaznI, Geographical, Ghazna, Gherardo, Gilzay, Given, Gnoli, Gnoli’s, God, Gods, Goldman, Goldman’s, Good Spirit, GORI, GPW, Grammar, Great RSis, Greek, Greeks, Griffith, Griffith’s, GRtsamadas, Gujarat, GulAmAn, HaEtumant, HaEtumant…”, Halul, HAmOn, HAmUn, HamUn”, HAndu, Haoma, Hapta, Hapta HAndu, Harai, Haraiti Barez, HarauvatI, Harax, HariyUpIyA, HarOiium, HarOiva, Haryana, Haryana Uttar Pradesh, HazadaEva, Helmand, Helmut Humbach, Hence, Hence Skj, Herat, Here, Here Gnoli, Herodotus, Herodotus’, Hilmand, Hilmand…”, Hindu, HindUkuS, Histories, History, Hodiwala, Hoffman, Home, Homeland, However, Humayaka, Humbach, Hushdiv, HvaspA, Hymns, Hyrcanians, IASA, Identity, III, IIS, IkSvAku, IkSvAkus, Incidentally, India, Indian, Indian Punjab, India”, Indices, Indo, Indo Aryan, Indo Aryans, Indo European, Indo Europeans, Indo Iranian, Indo Iranians, Indoaryan, Indoaryan Iranian, Indoaryans, Indoaryans”, Indra, Indra’s, Indus, Information, Iran, Iranian, Iranian Geographical, Iranians, Iranian”, Irano Indian, Iran”, ISAnAsastaruSa Rnjate, Isidore, IStaraSmi, IStASva, ISTASva, Italian Archaeological Mission, Jaimini, JaiminIya, Jamadagni, Jamadagnis, JamSId, Janamejaya’s, KAbul, KAbulistAn, Kaikaus, Kaikayas, Kaikeyas, KaikobAd, KakSIvAn, KakSIvAns, KAma, Kandahar, KAnIta, KanIta, KaNvas, Karapans, Kasaoya, Kashmir, KaSu, KaSyapas, KauTilya, KavaSa, KavAta, Kavi, Kavi CAyamAna, Kavi KavaSa, Kavi KavAta, Kavi Usadhan, Kavi Usan, Kavi ViStAspa, Kavis, KavyAn, Kayanian, Kayanians, Kekayas, Kevala, Khivas, Khordah, Khordah Avesta, KhwArizm, KIkaTa, KIkaTas, Krishna, KRmilA, KRSNa, KUh, Kurram, Kurrum, KurukSetra, Kutsa, Kutsa Ayu Atithigva, Kutsas, Lake FrazdAnu, Land, Late, Late MaNDalas, Late Period, Late Periods, Later, Later Iranian, Lesser Avesta, Let, Likewise, Logically, Lord, Ludwig’s, LUgar, LuhrAsp, Lunar, Macedonian, Madai, Madhya, Madhya Pradesh, Madrakas, Madras, Magi, MahAbhArata, Maharashtra, MANDALA, MaNDala, MaNDala III, MaNDala VII, MANDALA VIII, MaNDala VIII, MaNDalas, MaNDalas VIII, Manu, ManUchIhr, ManuS, MAnuSa, ManuSCithra, Manusha, Manusha”, Manu’, Margiana, Markwart, Maruts, Mata, Mathra, Mazdayasnians, Medes, Median, Median RagA, Michael, Michael Witzel, Middle, Middle MaNDalas, MIDDLE PERIOD, Middle Period, Middle Periods, Middle Persian, Mihr, Mihr YaSt, MImAMsA, Minocher, Minoo, Mitra, MokSa, More, Moreover, Mount, Mount Manusha, Mount ZeredhO, Mourv, MUjavat, MuZA, NAbhA PRthivyA, NAdhyAongha, Navagvas, NavarASTra, NAydAg, Neither, Nirukta, Nisaya, NodhAs, North Polar, Northern Central Asia, Not, Note, Now, NWFP, NyAyIS, Oktor Skj, Old Persian, OM…”, One, Only, OPers, Originally, Outside, Oxus, Oxus River”, PadapAtha, Pahlavi, Pakhtoons, Pakistan, Pakthas, Pal, PANini, Paradise, ParaSu, Pargiter, ParSava, ParSavas, Parsee, ParSu, ParsumaS, ParSus, ParSuwaS, ParSu’ Wilson, PArthava, PArthavas, Parthian, Parthians, Parucchepa, ParuSNI, ParusNSI, PER WESTERN SCHOLARS, Period, Persa, Persian, Persians, Phrygians, Pishachas, Post Avestan, Pradesh, Pre Avestan Period, Pre Rigvedic, Pre Rigvedic Period, Prima, Proper Avestan Period, Proto, Proto Aryan, Proto Indoaryan, Proto Indoaryans, PRthu, PRthus, PRthuSravas, PRthuSravas KAnIta, Pune, Punjab, Punjab Haryana, PurANas, Puranic, PUru, PUrus, PUrva, Qal‘at, RagA, Raga, Raga”, Rajas, Rajasthan, RAma, RAmAyaNa, RaNhA, RasA, Ray, RaYa, Rbhu, RbhukSan, Rbhus, References, Rgveda, RgvidhAna, Rigveda, Rigvedic, Rigvedic ANgirases, Rigvedic BhRgu RSis, Rigvedic BhRgus, Rigvedic India, Rigvedic Period, Rigvedic RSis, Rigvedic Somaka, Rigvedic SurAdhas, Rigvedic Trita, RjrASva, RjrASva’s, Robert, RSi, RSi BRhaspati, RSis, RuSama, RuSama PavIru, RuSamas, Russia, Sahadeva, Sahr, Sairimas, SAkala, SAkalya, Sakas, SAmaveda, SaMhitAs, SankarAcArya, Sapta, Sapta Sindhava, Saptasindhu, SarasvatI, Sarayu, Sarayu”, Sarmatians, SaryaNAvat, Saunahotra, Saunahotras, Saunaka, Saunaka BhArgava”, Saunakas, SauvIras, Sayana, SAyaNa, SBE, Schmitt, Scholars, Sea, See Weber’s, Sennacherib, Seven Rivers”, Seven Streams, ShAhname, Shalmaneser, Sheheriarji, Significantly, SilA, Similarly, Simyus, Since, Sindhu, SindhUn, Siritoi, SIrOzas, SIstAn, SIstanic, SIstAn”, Situation, Sitzungsberichte, Siva, Sivapura, Sivas, Sivi, Sivis, Skj, Sogdiana, Sogdians, Solar, Soma, SomAhuti, Somaka, Some, South, South Asia, South Russia, Southern, Spenta Mainyu, Spitama, Spitama ZarathuStra, Spitamas, SRnjaya, Stathmoi Parthikoi, SudAs, SudAs’, SudAs’s, Sukhtankar, Sukra, SurAdhas, SuSoma, SuSomA, SutudrI, SuvIras, Suxta, Svitnya, Svitnyebhi, Svityanca, TaittirIya, TArIx, Tavadia, Tehran, That, The, The ANgirases, THE ANGIRASES AND BHRGUS, The AnukramaNIs, The Avesta, The Avestan, THE AVESTAN EVIDENCE, The BhRgus, The Cambridge, The Cambridge History, The DASarAj, The Druhyus, The Early Period, The Historical, THE HISTORICAL IDENTITY, The Indo Iranian Homeland, The Iranian Migrations, THE IRANIAN MIGRATIONS, THE IRANIANS, The Iranians, The KurukSetra, The Late, The Late Period, The Manusha, The Middle, The Middle Period, The North, The Post Rigvedic, The Post Rigvedic Situation, The Pre Rigvedic, The Pre Rigvedic Period, The Punjab, The PurANas, The Rigveda, The VisprAt, The West, The YaSts, Theory, There, Therefore, These, They, This, This MaNDala, ThraEtaona, ThraEtaona’s, Three, Thrita, Thus, Tiglath Pileser III, Tigris, Tilak, Tiridates, Tirindira, Tirindira ParSava, Tirindra, Towards, Traitana, Treaties, TriSiras, TriSTubh, Trita, TRtsus, Turanians, Turas, Turkey, Turks, Turning, TurvaSas, TUrvayANa, Two, Unlike, Urva, UrvA, Usan, USanA, USanA KAvya, USas, USi, Usijs, USInara, UStavaitI, Uttar, Uttar Pradesh, VaEjah, VaEjO, VaEkArAta, VaiSampAyana, VAja, VAjas, VAlmIki, VAmadevas, Vandaremaini, VaNuhI DAityA, Vara, Vara PRthivyA, VarAna, Vara”, VArSAgira, VArSAgiras, VaruNa, VasiSTha, VasiSThas, VasiSTha’s, Vassal, Vasus, VAtsyAyana, Vedas, Vedic, Vedic Aryan, Vedic Aryans, Vedic Myths, Vedic RSis, Vedischen Ritual, VendidAd, Verethraghna, Verses, Victory, Vidarafshnik, VidEvdAd, VidEvdAt, VII, VIII, VipAS, ViSANins, ViSNu, Vispered, ViStAspa, ViSvAmitra, ViSvAmitras, ViSvAmitra’s, Vivasvant, VourukaSa, VRSadarbhas, VRtra, VRtraghna, VRtrahan, VyAsa, West, Western, Western Scholars, What, When, While, Wilson, Wissenschaften, WiStAsp, With, Without, Witzel, Witzel’s, XIva, XIX, XnAnta, XvarAnah, XvAstrA, XVIII, XwAja, XwArizm, XXXVIII, Yadu, Yadu TurvaSa, Yadus, Yajurveda, Yama, YamunA”, Yash, Yasht, YAska, Yasna, YaSt, YaSts, Yaudheyas, Yima, Young, Zamin, ZamyAd, ZamyAd YaSt, Zara, ZarAnumaiti, ZarathuStra, ZarathuStra’s, ZCR, Zend, ZeredhO, Zira, Zoro, Zoroaster, Zoroaster’s, Zoroaster’s Time, Zoroastrian, Zoroastrian Iran, Zoroastrian RaYa, Zoroastrianism, Zoroastrianism”, Zoroastrians, ZTH, ‘Airyas’, ‘early, ‘from, ‘from Tirindira, ‘helper, ‘is, ‘kings’, ‘late, ‘one, ‘Persians’, ‘Proto Indoaryan’, ‘quickly, ‘small’, ‘the

7. The Indo-European Homeland

Abkhaz Circassian, About, According, ADOSS, Afanasievo…, Afghan, Afghanistan, Afghanistan”, Africa, African, After, Again, AGSL, Ahura Mazda, AIHT, Aila, Aitareya BrAhmaNa, AlaknandA, Alans, Albanian, Albanians, Albanian…, Alinas, All, Allowing, Altai, America, American, American Indians, Among, Anatolia, Anatolian, Anatolia”, Ancient, Ancient Chinese, And, And Central, And Dyen, Andronovo, ANgAra, ANgAra’s, Angelos, ANgiras, Angirases, ANgirases, Angra, Another, Anthony, Anthropology, Antoine, Anu, Anus, ANUS, Anvita Abbi, Apart, Apparently, Appendix, Appendix One, Appendix Three, Appendix Two, Arabic, Archaeological, Archaeologically, Archaeology, ARCHAEOLOGY AND LINGUISTICS, Archaic Dialectology, Arctic, Armenia, Armenian, Armenians, Armenian…, Arya, Aryan, Aryanisation”, Aryanised”, Aryanising”, Aryans, Aryans ‘must, Aryan”, Aryas, Asia, Asian, Asian Steppe, Asiatic, ASritAH, Assam, Assamese, Assyrian, Asteroid, AtharvaNas, Athravans, Austria, Austric, Austro Asiatic, Austroasiatic, Austronesian, Austronesian Languages, Avesta, Avestan, Axe, Back, Bactria, Bactria Sogdiana, Bactria Sogdiana”, Bactrians, BAIAP, Baldi, Balkans, Baltic, Baltic Slavonic, Baluchis, Band, BangANI, Bangani, Basically, Battle, Battle Axe, Because, Bernard Karlgren, Besides, BhAgavata, BhAgIrathI, BhalAnas, Bharatas, Bhargava, BhRgu, BhRgus, Bible, Black Sea, Bloch, Book, Bosporus, Bounteous”, BrAhmaNa, BrahmANDa III, Brahmans, Brahmin, Brahui, Brigit, Britain, Bronze Age, Bryant, Brythonic, Buck, Buddhism, Burrow, But, But Erdosy, Caldwell, Cambridge, Carl, Caspian, Caspian Sea, Caspian Sea”, Caspian Steppe, Caspian”, Cattle”, Caucasian, Caucasus, CCAIHO, Celt, Celtic, Celtic Gods, Celtic Italic, Celtic…, Celts, Central, Central Anatolia, Central Asia, Central Asian, Central Asian Steppe, Central Asia…, Central Asia…”, Central India, Ceylon, Chang, Chapter, Charles River, Chatterji, Chi, Chicago, China, Chinese, Chinese Turkestan, Chinese… Germanic, Christianity, Christians, Chronicles, Church Slavonic, Clans Peter Zoller, Classes, Classical, Classical Sanskrit, Classical Sanskrit… Early Sinhalese, Clearly, Click, Colin, College, Comparative, Consequently, Conversely, Corded, Corded Ware, Cowgill, Czech Republic”, Dards, DAsa, DASarAj, DAsas, DASrAj, DasyavevRka, Dasyu, Dasyus, Dasyus”, Delhi Haryana, Department, Descent, DevayAnI, Diane, Diversification, DivodAsa, DNA, Does, Downham, Draugas, Dravidian, Dravidian Words, Driem, Drogha, Druad, Drug, Drugh, Druh, Druhyu, Druhyus, DRUHYUS, Druhyus Druhyus, DruhyuSu AnuSu, Druhyus”, Druhyu”, Drui, Druid, Druids, Druj, Dryad, Dublin, Dutch, Dyen, Dyen’s, Earlier, Early, Early Period, East, Eastern India, East”, Economic Times, Edwin, EGSL, Egypt, Egyptian, Emeneau, Emperor”, Empire, Encyclopaedia Britannica, England, English, Entire, Epic, Epics, Erdosy, Especially, Ethnicity, Eurasia, Eurasian, Europe, European, Europeanization”, Europeans, Europe”, Even, Every, Evidence, Fargard, Fertile Crescent, Figure, Finally, Five, Footnotes, For, Forschungen, Four, French, From, From Central Asia, Further, Gamkrelidze, GAndhAra, GaNgA, GangA, Garhwal, Geiger, Geography, George, George Erdosy, German, Germanic, Germany, Given, Gnana Prakasar, God, Goddess, Goddesses, Gods, Goth, Gothic, Grammata Serica, Great Goddesses, Great Migration, Greece, Greece… For, Greek, Greek Armenian, Greeks, Greek…, Griffith, Group, Gujarat, Gujarati, Gunasekara, Hans, Harvard University, Haryana, HCIP, Heaven”, Hebrew, Hellenes, Hellenic, Hemphill, Hence, Here, HHH, High German, Himachal Pradesh, Himalayas, HimAlayas, Hindi, Hindu, His, History, Hitler’s, Hittite, Hittites, Hock, Home, Homelands, Hopkins…, How, However, Huang, IASA, Icelandic, Ideology, IED, III, IkSvAku, IkSvAkus, Illyrian, Illyrians, Inar, Incidentally, India, Indian, Indian Indo European, India”, India…, Indic, Indicated, Indigenous Aryan Debate, Indo, Indo Aryan, Indo Aryanisation, Indo Aryans”, Indo Aryan”, Indo European, Indo European Studies, Indo Europeans, Indo European”, Indo Iranian, Indo Iranian Boderlands, Indo Iranians, Indo Iranians”, Indo Iranians…, INDOARYAN, Indoaryan, Indoaryans, Indoaryans”, Indoaryan”, Indogermanische, Indogermanisches Etymologisches, Indra, IndrAgni YaduSu TurvaSeSu, Indus, Indus Valley, Inner, Inner Indo European, Inner Mongolia, Instead, INTER FAMILIAL LINGUISTICS, Inter Familial Linguistics, International Astronomical Congress, International Conference, Interpretation, Iran, Iranian, Iranian Anus, Iranians, Iranians”, Iranian”, Iran”, Ireland, Irish, Iron Age Peoples, Isidore, Isidore Dyen, Isoglosses, ISOGLOSSES, Italian, Italic, Italic Celtic, Italics, Italy, IVA, Ivanov, JahnAvI, Jamadagni, Japan, Jim, Johanna, Journal, Julius Pokorny, Kannada, Kannada Telugu, Kartvelian, KaSyapas, KavaSa, Kekayas, Kelt, Kennedy, Kenneth, Kentum, Kentum Indo European, Kentum”, Kerala, Khasi, Khivas, Kings, Kol, KoSala, Kosala, Kosambi, KubhA, Kuiper, Kuiper’s, Kurgan, Kurgan III, Kurukh, Lack, Language, Larousse Encyclopaedia, Lat, LATa, Late Period, Later, Latin, LEM, Lerwick, Leskien, Lettish, Lichtenstein, Like, Likewise, Linguistic, Linguistic Approaches, Linguistic Paleontology, Linguistic Spread, Linguistic Substrata, LINGUISTIC SUBSTRATA, LINGUISTICS, Linguistics, Linguists, Lith, Lithuanan, Lithuanian, Locus, Logically, London, Long, Lukas, Macdonell, Madas, Madras, Mair, Mair’s, Malay Peninsula, Malay Peninsula”, Malayalam, Mallory, MaNDala, MaNDalas, MAndhAtRI, Many, Mark Kenoyer, Massachussetts, Massica, Massica’s, Matsya, Max, Mayrhofer, Meanwhile, Medes, Mediterranean, Meillet, Mesopotamia, Michael Witzel, Michigan Laussane International Seminar, Middle, Middle Indo Aryan, Middle Indoaryan, Minor, Misinterpretations, Mississippi, Missouri, Mleccha, Mongolian, More, Moreover, Most, Muddy Creek, Mumbai, MuNDa, Muslims, Muslims”, Mythology, Nakh Daghestanian, Names, Near East, Neolithic, Nevertheless, New, New England, New Indo Aryan, New Indoaryan, Next, Nichols, Nichols’, Non, North, North India, North India…, Northern China, Northern Germanic, Northwest, Not, Note, Numerous, October, ODBL, OHG, Old, Old Chinese, Old Chinese… Germanic, Old Church, Old Church Slavonic, Old English, Old High German, Old Indo Aryan, Old Indoaryan, Old Norse, Old Testament, Once, One, Only, Only Sanskrit, Original Homeland, Osc, Ossetic, Other, Others, Ouranos, Outer, Pacific”, Pakhtoons, Pakistan, Pakthas, Palatalization, Paleontology, Pali, Pan, Pan Indian, PaNi, Panjab, Paranavitana, Paranavitana’s, Pargiter, ParSavas, ParSus, PArthavas, Parthians, Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania Museum, Perfect, Period, Persian, Persians, Persian”, Peter, Philological, Phleguai, Phryge, Phryges, Phrygian, Phrygians, Phrygian”, PIE, PIE”, PIE…, Pishachas, Pit Grave, Placed, Pontic, PracetasaH, Pracetas’, Pradesh, Prakrits, Pre PIE, Priests, Probably, Proto, Proto Austronesian, Proto Indo Aryan, Proto Indo European, Proto Indo Europeans, Proto Indo Iranians, Proto Iranian, PROTOLINGUISTIC STUDIES, Protolinguistic Studies, PRthus, Punjab, PurANas, Puranic, PUru, PUrus, PURUS, PUruSu, Pusalker, Rahul, RAjputAna, Red River, Renfrew, Renfrew’s, Renfrew’s Anatolian, Rgveda, Rgvedic, Rigveda, Rigvedic, Rites, River, Rivers, Robert Caldwell, Roman, Romans, Rome, RSis, Rules, Rumanian, Russia, Russian, Sacrifices, Saint ExupEry, Saint ExupEry’s, Sairimas, Sanskrit, Sanskritic, Sanskrit’, Sanskrit”, Sanskrit…”, Santali, Sarmatians, Sarmations, SarmiSThA, SaSabindu, Satam, Satem, Satem”, Semitic, Seven, Several, Shaffer, Shan, Sharma, She, Sibi, Significantly, Silva, Simhala, Simyus, Since, Sinhalese, Sino, Sir Monier Williams, Sirmios, Sivas, Six, Skr, Slavic, Slavonian, Slavonian…, Slavonic, Society, Sogdiana, SOILSA, Some, Sora, South, South Asia, South Asian, South India, South Indian, South Russia, South Russian, Southern Germany, Southworth, Spanish, Specifically, SPP, Spring, Sri Lanka, State, Stefan Zimmer, Stony Brook, Subcontinent…, Such, SudAs, Suhnu Ram Sharma, Sumerian, Supporters, SutudrI, Taiwanese, Taken, Tamil, Tarim Basin, Telugu, Teuton, Teutonic, Thai, That, The, THE, The Anu Druhyu Migrations, The Archaeological, The Archaeological Evidence, The Austronesian Family, The Baltic Slavonic, The BhRgus, The Case, The Chinese Language, The DASarAj, The DAsas, The Dasyus, The Druhyus, The Epicentre, The Evidence, THE EVIDENCE LINGUISTIC, The Homeland, The Homeland Indicated, The Indo European Homeland, The Isoglosses, The Linguistic Evidence, The Literary, THE LITERARY EVIDENCE, The Little Prince, The PurANas, THE RIGVEDA, The Rigveda, The Rigvedic, The Slavonic, The Spread Zone, The Three Priestly, The Three Priestly Classes, Their, There, Therefore, These, They, Thieme, This, Though, Thracian, Thraco Phrygian, Thraco Phrygians, Thus, Tibeto Burman, Tibeto Burmese, Times, TLP, Tocharian, Tocharians, Tocharian…, Toda, Tokharian, Tokharians, Tokhri, Toronto, Transactions, Trasadasyu, Tribes, Trinity, TRkSis, Tsung, Tsung’s, Turanian, Turkey, Turkic, Turkish, Turkmenian Bactrian, Turkmenistan, TurvaSa, TurvaSas, Two, Ultimately, Unfortunately, University, Upper Indus, Uppington, Ural, Uralic, USA, Uttar, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakuru, Uttarakurus, Uttaramadras, VaNi, Vanir, Various, VaruNa, VAyu, Veda, Vedas, Vedda, Vedic, Vedic Aryans, Vedic Gods, Vedic Sanskrit, VendidAd, Victor, VII, VIII, ViSANins, ViSNu, Vocabulary, Vol, Volume, Wachussetts, Wanderw, Ware, Warren, Wave, Welsh, West, West Asia, Western, Western Sanskritists, Westerner, Westrey, What, What Tsung, What Witzel, Whatever, When, Wherever, Which, While, While Anatolian, Wickremasinghe, Wilhelm, Winchester, Winn, Winn’s, With, Witzel, Witzel’s, Woden, Yadu, Yadus, Yellow, YuvanASva, Zarathushtra, Zebu, Zoller, Zoller’s, ‘acts, ‘archaism, ‘Aryan, ‘Aryanised’, ‘Aryanising’, ‘Aryans’, ‘camel’, ‘common European, ‘distinction’, ‘elephant, ‘head’, ‘Huang, ‘ivory’, ‘leg’, ‘linguistic, ‘living, ‘lost’, ‘neck’, ‘r’, ‘Some, ‘spoken, ‘spread, ‘suggestions’, ‘thigh’, ‘unlike, ‘Vedic’, …Fortunately, …the, ……”

8. Misinterpretations of Rigvedic History

Abhivarta, Abhivarta…, AbhyAvartin, Aboriginals, About, According, Aditi, Aditya, Adityas, Afghanistan, AfghAnistAn, Afghanistan”, Africans, After, After Dravidians, Again, Agastya, Agastyas, Age”, Agni, Ahi, Ahi Vritra, AhISuva, Ahura, AHV, AIHT, Aila, Ailas, AIM, Aitareya BrAhmaNa, Ajas, Akkad, Alburz, All, Allahabad, Allahabad…, Almost, Although, AmbAla, Ambedkar, Ambedkar’s, America, Americans, Among, Anaryans, Anatolia, Ancient, And, And Aurobindo, Andamanese, ANgiras, Angirasas, ANgirases, Another, Anti, Anti Linguistic Approach, Anu, AnukramaNIs, Anus, Anus Druhyus, Any, Anything, Apart, Apastambha Srauta, ApayA, Appendix, Approach, Apropos, Apsaras, Aral, Arbuda, Arctic, Arctic Home, Article, Arya, Arya Samaj, Aryan, Aryan God, Aryan Gods, Aryan Invasion, Aryan VRtra, Aryanising, Aryanizer, Aryans, Aryans”, Aryans…, Aryans…”, Aryan”, Aryas, Asia, Asiatic, Asiatic Aryans, Assyrians, Asur, Asura, Asuras, ASvalAyana, ASvasUktin, ASvins, AtirAtra, Atris, Attri, AurNavAbha, Aurobindo, Aurobindo’s, Australia, Austric, Austrics, Avesta, Avestan, Ayodhya, Azerbaijan, Babasaheb, Babylon, Back, Baharain”, Baluchistan, BAWS, BC”, BC…, BeAs, Beidha, Benveniste, Besides, BhagIratha, Bhagwan Singh, Bharadvaja, Bharata, Bharatas, Bheda, BHISHMA, BhRgus, Bibhishana, Bibhishana”, Biblical, Bihar, Birla Science Centre, Bloomfield, Both, Both Pargiter, Brahman Granthas, Brahmana, BrAhmaNas, BrAhmanas, BrAhmaNas”, Brahmanism, Brahmin, Brahmins, Britain, British, British Isles, Brunnhofer, Burushaski, But, But Hittite, But Pargiter, But Tilak, But Waradpande, Can, Cape, Caspian, Caucasus, CAyamAna, CAyamAnas, CCAIHO, CDHR, Central, Central Asia, Central Asia…, Centred Approach, Ceylon, Chand, Chao, Chapter, Chatterji, Chi, Chin, China, Chinese, Christian, Christianity, Chu, Chu Yuan, Civilization, Clearly, Colin, Comorin, Conclusions, Conflicts, Consequently, Could, Creation, Cumuri, CWSV, Daha, Dahaka, Daityas, Damodar Satavalekar, DAnavas, Dandekar, Darkness, Dasa, DAsa, DASarAj, Dasarajnya, DaSaratha, DAsas, Dasas, Dasyu, Dasyus, Dasyus”, Dasyus…, Dawn, Dayanand, Dayanand Saraswati, DaZ, Dekhan, Dekhan…”, Devi Chand, Dhuni, Director, DIrghatamas, Divine, Divine Book, DivodAsa, DivodAsa’s, Dravida, Dravidian, Dravidians, Dravidians…, DRbhIka, Druhyu, Druhyus, Dutch, East Afghanistan, Eastern, Eastern Iran, Eastern Iran”, Egypt, Egyptian, Elsewhere, Emile, Encyclopaedia, English, Equator, Euphratis, Europe, European, European Pandits, Europeans, Europe…, Even, Every, Evil, Falsehood, Far, Fifthly, Finally, Findings, First, Firstly, Five Rivers, Five Tribes, Following, Footnotes, For, Forests, Fourthly, From, Further, Gandharvas, Gandharvas”, GangA, GaNgA, Ganga…, Ganges, Ganges Jumna, GaurI, Gautama, GavAmayana, GavAmayanam, GayatrI, General, German Aryan, Germanic, Ghosh, Ghurye’s, Glacial, God, God SavitR, Goddess, Goddess USas, Gods, Gods… Hence…, Going, GomatI, Good, GoSUktin, Great, Great Serpent, Greek, Greek Eos”, Greek Pan, Greek Zeus, Griffith, Griffith’s, GRtsamadas, Guptas, Gypsies, Han, Hanuman, Harappa, HariScandra, Having, HCIP, Helmand, Hence, Here, Hertel, Himalayan, Himalayas, Hindu, Hinduism, Hindukush Mountains, Hindus, HINDUTVA, His, Historical Evolution, Historical Theme, HISTORICAL THEME, History, Hittite, Home, Homeric, Hopkins, Horse, How, However, Hyderabad, Ice, Ice Age, IELS, If…, III, IkSvAkus, IlIbiSa, Imperial, Inar, Incredible, India, Indian, Indian Aryas”, Indian Muslims, Indian Prakrits, Indianized, Indianness, Indians, India”, India…, India… The, Indic, Indo, Indo Aryans, Indo European, Indo Europeans, Indo European”, Indo Germanic, Indo Iranian, Indo Iranians, Indoaryan, Indra, Indra’s, Indra…, Indus, Indus Civilization, Indus Sarasvati, Indus Valley, Indus Valley Civilization, Instead, Invasionist School, IrAn, Iran, Iran Afghanistan, Iranian, Iranians, Iran”, Iraq, Islamic, Israel, Its, Jarmo, Jaxartes”, Jericho, John Muir, Jordan, Jyotiba Phule, KaNva, KaNvas, Kashmere, Kashmira, Kashmira”, Kashyap, Kassite, KaSyapas, Kazakh, Keith, Kelt, Khorasan, KIkaTa, Kikatas, KIkaTas, King, King Emperor, Kings, King”, Kinnaras, Kirghis, Kosala, Kosambi, KRSNayoni, Krumu, KSatriya, Kshatriya”, KubhA, Kulkarni, Kulkarni’s, Kuyava, Larousse, Later, Latin, Latter, LEM, Letting, Light, Likewise, Linguistics, Lokmanya, Lokmanya Tilak, Lord, Mac, Macdonell, MadhyadeSa… They, MahIdhara, Malati, Malati Shendge, Malik, MaNDalas, MandhAtA, Many, Marathas, MArtaNDa, Marudvridha, Maruts, Mauryas, Max, May, Mehatnu, Mere, Mesopotamia, Mesopotamian, Midgard, Migrations, Misinterpretations, Mitra, Mogul, Moguls, Mohenjo, Mongoloids, Monier Williams, Moreover, Most, Mount Abu, Movements, MRgaya, Much Misinterpreted, MUCH MISINTERPRETED, Muir, Mumbai, Munda, Mundari, Mythological Tracts, Mythology, Myths, Naga, Nagas, NAgas, Nagas… The Dravidians, Namuci, NamUci, Naturally, Nature, Navagvas, Needless, Negrito Kolarian, Neolithic, Nevali Cori, New, Night, Nirukta, NiSAdas, Nobles, Non, Non Aryans, Nor, North, North Africa, North India, North Indian, North Indians, North Iran, North Pole, Northwest, Not, Nothing, Now, ODBL, OHI, Okeanos, Oldham, Once, One, One Divine Book, Original Aryan Civilization, Original Sanskrit Texts, Orion Period, OST, Other, Other English, Our, Ouranos, Oxus, Pacific Islands, PadgRbhi, Pakistan, Pakthas, Palestine, Pan, Pan Indian, PaNcAla, Panchanad, PaNi, PaNis, PanjAb, PAO, Pargiter, Pargiter’s, Parushni, ParuSNI, Period, Persia, Persian Gulf, Persians, Philologists…, Pipru, PiSAcas, Portuguese, Powerful, Pran, Pravargya, Pre Indus Civilization, Prince, Princes, Problem, Pronouns, Proto, Proto Indo European, PRthu, PRthus, Pulindas, Punjab, Punjab…, PurANas, Puranic, PUru, Purukutsa, Pururava, PUrus, Pusalker, PUSan, Rahurkar, RAjA, RAkSasas, RakSasas…, Rakshas, RAma, RAmAyana, Ramchandra, RaNhA, RasA, Rasa, Rational, RauhiNa, RAvana, RazA, Rebha, References, Remove, Renfrew’s, Revelation, Rgveda, Rice, Rig, Rig Veda, Rigveda, RIGVEDA, Rigveda Were, Rigveda”, Rigvedic, Rigvedic History, Rishi, Rishis, RjrASva, Roy’s, RSis, RudhikrAs, Rudra, Russia, Russian Republics, Sacrificial Fire, Sagara, Samaj, Sambar, Sambara, Samber, SaMhitA, SaMhitAs, Samhitas, Sanskrit, Sanskritised, Sanskritized, Sanskritized”, Sanskrit”, Sapta Sindhus, Sapta Sindhus…”, Saptasindhu, SaramA, SarasvatI, Sarasvati, Sarat Chandra Roy, Sarayu, Satakratu Indra, Satudri, Saudyumna, Savarkar, SavitR, Sawwan, SAyaNa, Scholars, SCHOOL, School, Scriptures, Sea, Seas, Second Thoughts, Secondly, Seers, Semite, Semites, Semitic, Semitism, Serpent, Serpent Typhoeus, Sethna, Sharayu, Shatadru…, Shatapatha, Shendge, Shudras, Shudras”, Shudra”, Siddharth, Sigrus, Similarly, Simply, Simyus, Sindha, Sindhu, Sindhus, Sindhu…, Sindhu…”, Sino Tibetan, Siprin, SItA, Slavonian, Slavonic, Snake, Solution, Soma, Some, SOR, South, South Africa, South Azerbaijan, South Bihar, South India, South Indian, South India…, South Russia, Southern, Sovereignty, Speech, Spirit, SRbinda, Sri, Sri Aurobindo, Starting, Strange, Strangely, Strictly, Such, SudAs, SudAsa’s, SudAs’, SudAs”, Sugriva, Sukta, Sumer, Sun, SUrya, Susa, Sushna’s, SuSNa, SUtras, SutudrI, SutudrI…, SuvAstu, SvaSna, Sveti, SvetyAvarI, Swami, Swami Dayanand, Swami Vivekananda, Swiss, Swiss Lake Dwellers”, Symbolic, Syr Darya, Syria, Tadjikistan, Tadzhak, TaittirIya, TaittirIya SamhitA, Tamil, Tamilians, TAP, Tartar, Tartars, Tell, Ten, Teuton, Teutonic, Teutonic Aesir, Teutonic Thor, That, THE, The, The Anti, THE ANTI INVASIONIST, The Arctic Home, The Arya, The Aryan, The Aryan Invasion, The Aryans, The Brahmin…, The Christian, The DAsa, The Dasyu, The Date, The Dravidians, The East, The Evasionist Approach, The Future, The Greek Gods, The Hindu, THE HINDU INVASIONIST, The Indian, The Indus, The Indus Valley, The Indus Valley Centred, The Invasionist, THE INVASIONIST SCHOOL, The Invasionist Second, The Nagas, The Original Homeland, The PUru, The Quasi, THE QUASI INVASIONIST, The Rhetorical Approach, The Rigveda, The Supernatural, The Times, The Vedas, The Vedic, The Vedic Aryans, The Vedic Gods, The Vedic RSis, The VRtras, Their, Then, There, Therefore, These, They, Thibet, Thirdly, This, Though, Thoughts, Three, Thus, Thus Ambedkar, Thus Devi, Tibet, Tigris, Tilak, Tilak’s, Together, Trasadasyu, Tribe, Trita Aptya, Troy…”, TRSTAmA, Truth, Turk, Turkey, Turkmen, TurvaSas, Turvasu, Two, Ubbat, Umbrella, Unfortunately, Universe, Untouchability, Untouchable, Untouchables, UraNa, USas, Uttar Pradesh, Uzbek, VadhryaSva, Vala, Valley, Valley Civilization, Vandana, Vanir, Varasakh, Varcin, Varnas, Varnashrama, VarndshramAchAra, Varuna, VaruNa, VasiSTha, VasiSThas, VAyu, Veda, Vedas, Vedas…, Vedas… Many, Vedic, Vedic Aryans, Vedic Civilization, Vedic Dawn, Vedic Gods, Vedic Indians, Vedic Mythology, Vedic Rishis, Vedic RSis, Vedic Sanskrit, Vedic Word Concordance, Vedics, Vedics…, Veer, Verily, Victory, Vidyadharas, VII, VIII, Vindhyas, VipAS, Vipat, Vishnu, Vishwamitra, ViSNu, ViSNu’s, ViSvAmitra, ViSvAmitras, Vivekananda, Vivekananda’s, VMT, Vol, Volume, VRtra, VRtrahan, VRtrANi, VRtras, VRtra’s, VRtra…, Waradpande, Waradpande’s, Warring States, Weber, Wei, Well, West, West Asia, West India, Western, What, When, Where, Wherever, While, Why, Wilson, Woden, Words, Yadu, Yadus, YAJ, Yajnavalkya, Yajurveda, YakSas, Yakshas, YamunA, Yamuna, YayAti’s, Yen, Yet, You, Zealand, Zeus, Zoroastrians, ‘Aryan’, ‘causing, ‘country’, ‘divide, ‘from, ‘gay Lothario’, ‘Indo European’, ‘Rigveda’, ‘she, ‘sky’…, ‘that, ‘the, ‘we, ‘weaknesses’, ”BC”

9. Michael Witzel - An Examination of Western Vedic Scholarship

About, Above, Abraham, Abraham Lincoln, According, Aditya Prakashan, Afghanistan, Afghanistan”, Again, Agastya, Agastyas, Agni, Alexander, All, Although, AmAvasava, AmAvasu, AmAvasyavas, America, American, Among, Ancient, Ancient South, Ancient South Asia Language, And, AND CONCLUSIONS, AND HISTORICAL DATA, Angiras, ANgiras, ANgiras KaNva Ghaura PraskaNva KANva, Angirasa, ANgirases, Another, Another North Iranian, Anu, Anu Druhyu, AnukramaNIs, Anus, Any, Apart, Appendices, APPENDICES, Appendix, AprI, Arachosia, AraNyakas, AraTTa, AraTTas, Archaeological, Archaeology, Arctic, Are, AREAS, ARYA, Aryan, Aryan Invasion Theory, Aryans, ASA, Asia, Assertions, Atharvaveda, Atlantic, Atri, Atris, Avestan, Ayava, Ayavam, Ayavas, Ayu, Ayuh, Back, Bactria, Baluchistan, Basic, Basically, BASICALLY SOUND APPROACH, Battle, BaudhAyana Srauta SUtra, Before, Berlin New York, Bernard Sergent, Bhagwan Singh, BhAradvAja, BharadvAja, BHARATA, Bharata, Bharatas, Bharatas…, Bharata”, BhAratI, BhArgava, BhArgavas, BhArgava…”, Bhauma, Bheda, Bheda…”, BhRgu, BhRgus, Biblical, Biblioth, Bihar, Biswas, Bongard, Bongard Levin, Book, Books, BORDER, BORDER CELLSPACING, BrAhmaNa, BrAhmaNas, Bryant, BSS, BSS”, But, But MaNDala, But Witzel, But Witzel’s, Calling, Canada, CARELESS MISINTERPRETATIONS, Careless Misinterpretations, Caucasus…, Caucasus… Further, CELLPADDING, Central, Central Asia, Chakrabarti, Chapter, Chinese, Chinese Nation, Choudhury, Choudhury’s, Christian, Citra, Civilise Sumeria, Clans, Clearly, COLS, Conclusions, Cover, Culture, Daai, Dahae, DASA, Dasa, DAsa, DASarAj, Data, David Frawley, Delhi, Delving, Derbhikes, Derbikes, Despite, Dharma, Did, DivodAsa, DivodAsa SudAs, Does, Dravidian, DRbhIka, DRSadvatI, Druhyu, During, Early Indian, East, EAST, East Iranian, Eastern, Egypt, Egyptians, Elsewhere, English, Epic, Epics, Erdosy, Ethnicity, Europe, European, Evaluation, Even, Evidence, EVIDENCE, Examination, Family MaNDala, Family MaNDalas, Finally, Firstly, Five, Five Peoples, Footnotes, For, French, From, Further, GAndhAras, GAndhArayas ParSavorATTA, GAndhArI, GangA, GaNgA, GaNgA Valley”, Gangetic, GArtsamada, GArtsamada Saunaka, GAthin, GDI, Geldner, Gen, Generally, GEOGRAPHICAL, Geographical, Geographical Misrepresentations, GEOGRAPHICAL MISREPRESENTATIONS, GEOGRAPHY THE MANDALAS, George, George Erdosy, George Feuerstein, Ghaggar Hakra, Ghaggar Hakra…”, Ghaura, Ghora, Ghora ANgiras, Ghora”, Girilal Jain’s, Goddesses, Gomal, GomatI, Greece, Greek, Greek Bible, GRhya SUtras, Griffith, Griffith’s, Grtsamada, GRtsamada, GRtsamada Saunahotra ANgiras, GRtsamadas, Grtsamada”, Harahvaiti, Haraiiou, Harax, Haroiiu, Haryana, Having, Hebrew, Hebrews, Helmand, Hence, Herat, Here, Hillebrandt, Himalayas, Hindu, His, Hoffman, Home, Hopefully, How, However, Hymns, IASA, IAW, III, IkSvAku, IkSvAkus, ILA, ILAyAspada, Incidentally, Inconsistencies, India, India Colonise, Indian, Indian Nationalism, Indian Origin, Indians, Indirect, Indo, Indo Aryan, Indo Aryans, Indo European, Indo Europeans, Indo Iranian, Indo Iranians, Indoaryan, Indoaryans, Indra, Indra’s, Indus, Indus Valley, Instead, Iran, Iranian, Iranians, Iran”, Ireland, Irish, JahnAvI, JaiminIya BrAhmaNa, Jamadagni, Jim Shaffer, Kabul, KaNva, KANva, KaNva Ghaura, KANva Ghora, KANva KANva Ghora PragAtha Ghaura PragAtha KANva……”, KANvas, KaNvas, KaNva”, Kashmir, KASI Videha, KASI VidehA, KASIs, KaSu, KaSu… Tirindra, KaSyapa, KaSyapas, KaTha SaMhitA, Keith, Kerala, KIkaTa, KIkaTas, Klaus Klostermaier, Koban River, Koenraad Elst, Kophen, KRIVI, Krumu, KubhA, Kurram, Kuru, KurukSetra, KURUKSETRA, KurukSetra…, Kurus, KuSika GAthin ViSvAmitra, Later, Latin, Let, Levin, Likewise, Linguistic Approaches, Linguistics, LINKS, Localisation, Long, Madhya Pradesh, Magadha, MahAbhArata, MaitrAyaNI SaMhitA, MANDALA, MaNDala, MaNDala III, MaNDala VII, MaNDala VIII, MaNDalas, MaNDalas III, MaNDala”, MAnuSa, Many, Material, May, McDonell, Median, Mehatnu, Mentioned, Michael Witzel, Michael Witzel’s, More, Most, Mountains, MUjavat, Mukherjee, Mycaenean Greek, NAME, Nationalism, Navaratna, Needless, Nevertheless, Next, Nor, North, North Iranian, Northwest, NORTHWEST, Northwest Frontier, Not, Note, Now, Nuristan, Oak, Old Testament, Oldenberg, Once, One, Origins, Orissa, Our, Pakistan, Paktha, Pakthas, Pal, Pan, PancaviMSa BrAhmaNa, PaNi, PaNis, PaNis…, PANJAB, Panjab, Paramesh, Paramesh Choudhury, Paramesh Choudhury’s, Pargiter, Paris, Parna, Parnoi, ParSu, ParSus, PArthavas, ParuSNI, Pashtuns, Pedigrees, PEOPLES, Peoples’, PEOPLES”, Peoples”, Persian, Plains, Portions, Practically, Pradesh, PrAn, Pras, Pratardana, Pratardana DaivodAsI, PratRd, Pratyan, Pravavraja, Principles, Prominent, Punjab, Punjab…, PurANas, Puranic, PUru, Purukutsa, Purukutsa Trasadasyu, PUrus, PUru”, PUru…, RahA, Rajaram, Rajaram’s, Rajasthan, RanhA, Rao, RasA, RavI, Ray, Reappraisal, Referring, Rgveda, Rgveda”, Rgveda…, Rgvedic, Rgvedic Skt, RhA, Rhipaean, Richard Thompson, Right, Rigveda, Rigveda”, Rigveda…”, Rigvedic, Rigvedic Aryans, RIVAL THEORIES, Rival Theories, River, Rivers, Roman, RSi, RSis, Russian, SAmaveda, Sambara, SaMhitA, SaMhitAs, SarasvatI, Sarayu, Sarayu”, Sarsuti, Saunahotra ANgiras, Saunaka, Saunaka BhArgava, Saunakas, Scandinavians, Schools, Schwartzberg, Scientific, SCIENTIFIC EVALUATION, Scientifique Payot, Sea, See, Self, Sergent, Sergent’s, Sethna, Setumant, Shaffer, Shendge, Shri, Shri Girilal Jain, Shri Girilal Jain’s, Shri Jain, Shrikant, SimSumAra, Sind, Sindhu, Sindoi, SistAn, Skt, Son, Sons, Sound Approach, South, South Asia, South Asian, South Russia, Speaking, Srauta, Subcontinent, Subhash Kak, Such, SudAs, SudAs KSatra, Sumerians, Sunahotra, Sunahotra BhAradvAja, Surely, Susartu, SUtra, SUtras, SuvAstu, SuyamA”, Sveti, Swat, Swat Kohistan, SyAvASva, Taking, Talageri, Talageri…, Telagiri, Ten Kings, Ten Kings’ Battle’…, Teutonic, That, The, The Aryan Invasion Theory, The Authors, The Chronology, THE CHRONOLOGY AND, The Family MaNDalas, The GaNgA, The India Have Lost, The Indian, The Indo Aryans, The Indo European Homeland, The ParSu…, The Rigveda, THE RIGVEDA, The SarasvatI, The Sarayu, The Structure, The Times, The Tribes, Their, Then, Theoretically, There, These, They, This, This ‘struggle’, Thus, Thus SudAs’, Tilak’s, Tirindra, Toronto, Trasadasyu, Trasadasyu’s, Trasadasyu”, TRkSi, TRSTAmA, TRtsu, TRUTH”, TurvaSa, TurvaSas, TurvIti, Ultimately, Unfortunately, United States, UpaniSads, Ural, Urals, Urals”, UrjayantI, USas, USij, Uttar, Uttar Pradesh, VaiSvAmitra, VaiSvAmitra”, Vala, Vanir, VAOC, Vara, VasiSTha, VasiSThas, VasiSTha”, Vatsa, Vayya, Vedas, Vedic, Vedic Aryans, Vedic Sindhu, Vedic Texts, Vibhinduka, Videhas, VII, VIII, Violation, VIOLATION BASIC PRINCIPLES, VipAS, ViSvAmitra, ViSvAmitras, ViSvAmitra”, Voice, Volga, Walter, West, WEST, Western, Western Vedic Scholarship, What, What Witzel, Whatever, When, Whenever, Where, While, WIDTH, With, Witzel, Witzel’s, WITZEL’S THEORY, Witzel’s Theory, Yadu, Yadu TurvaSa, Yadus, Yadu…, Yajurveda, YamunA, YamunA”, Yash, YavyAvatI, Zhob, ‘Ayu, ‘black’, ‘books’…, ‘crossed, ‘discovery’, ‘family, ‘Five, ‘Five Peoples, ‘Five Peoples’, ‘foreign, ‘have, ‘Indigenous School’, ‘logical’, ‘scientific, ‘slave’, ‘small’, ‘the, ‘thus, ‘to, ‘You, …More

10. SaramA and the PaNis: A Mythological Theme in the Rigveda

Aditya, Aesir, Aesir…, After, AGS, Alpheus…, Although, Amrita, Another, Anubis, ApaNa, ApaNika, Apollo’s, Apollo…, Appendix, Argeiphantes, Argephontes, Aryan, Aryans, Asura, Asuras, ASvins, Atharvaveda, Auml, Avesta, Back, BRhaddevatA, But, CCAIHO, CDHR, Chapter, Classical Greek, Classical Mythology, Clearly, Commerce, Dawn, Dead, Devas, Development, DEVELOPMENT THE VEDIC, Each, East European, ECM, EDNCM, Egyptian, Encyclopaedia, Europe, European, Even, Everyman’s Encyclopaedia, Fathers……, Footnotes, From, Furthermore, God, Goddess, Goddesses, Gods, Gods”, Great Gods, Greece, Greek, Greek Apollo, Greek Mythology, GREEK MYTHOLOGY, Greek Pan, Greeks, Griffith, Griffith’s, Gullveig, Hence, Here, Hermes, Hermes…, HHH, His, History, Home, HOR, However, Hymn VIII, III, Incidentally, Incredibly, India, Indian, Indo European, Indo Europeans, Indo Iranians, Indra, Indra’s, Indra”, Indra…, Iran, Iranian, Iris, JaiminIya BrAhmaNa, Kosambi, Larousse Encyclopaedia, Later, LEM, Likewise, Macdonell, Macdonell’s, Malati Shendge, MaNDala, MaNDalas, Max, Mercury, Mitra, Moreover, Morning Sun, MYTH, Mythological Theme, Mythology, MYTHOLOGY, MYTHOLOGY AND HISTORY, Nevertheless, Nirukta, Non Classical Mythology, Nordic, North European, Odin, One, Pan, Pandareus, PaNi, PaNis, PaNis Indra’s, PaNis…, PaNi’s, Pan’, Practically, Primitive, Profit, Puranic, PUSan, PUsan, PUSans, PUSan’s, PUSan… Moreover, RasA, Realm, Rigveda, Rigvedic, Roman, Romans, SaramA, SARAMA AND THE PANIS, SaramA PaNi, SaramA’s, SArameyas, SAyaNa, Scandinavia, Scandinavia”, Shan, She, Similarly, Soma, Some, South, South European, SSS, Sun, Sun God, SuparNa, SUtras, Tantalus, TEUTONIC, Teutonic, Teutonic Vanir, The, The PaNis, THE PANIS, The Rigveda, The SArameyas, The Teutonic, Then, There, They, This, Thus, Unfortunately, USas, VaNi, Vanir, VaruNa, Vedic, Vedic God, Vedic Indra”, Vedic PaNi, Vedic Sarameyas, VII, West Asian, West European, Western, What, When, Winn, With Upuant, Writing, Yama, Yama”, YAska, Zeus, Zeus”, Zeus…, ‘caves, ‘niggard’…, ‘protector

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Created by Jijith Nadumuri at 01 May 2011 09:44 and updated at 01 May 2011 10:11

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