Dwapara Yuga 2
250 BC to 250 AD
- Mbh.12.230:- In the Dwapara, Sacrifice has been said to be the foremost, In the Kali yuga, only Gift is the one thing that has been laid down.
- Mbh.12.237:- The men of the Treta, the Dwapara, and the Kali Yugas are inspired with doubts.
- Mbh.12.237:-// In the Dwapara age as also in the Kali, the Vedas are overtaken by perplexity.
- Mbh.15.31:- Know that Duryodhana was Kali, and Sakuni was Dwapara.
- Mbh.18.5:- Shakuni obtained absorption into Dwapara, and Dhrishtadyumna into the deity of fire
Only very little information is available in Mahabharata pertaining to this period, which can be clearly understood as falling to this short period (500 years). Only the few references mentioned above seems to have something to do with this period. Based on these we can assume that this period was chaotic and the Yuga definitions were completely lost. People were having full of doubts. The Vedas were overtaken by perplexity. In this period incarnation myths were added to Mahabharata that can be seen in the first book (book1) and in the last books (15, 16, 17, 18). As per this Duryodhana was portrayed as the incarnation of Kali and his uncle Sakuni as the incarnation of Dwapara, the companion of Kali. The concept of people living in heaven and meeting the dead relatives became strong in this period. People strongly believed in a heaven where one would be rewarded for the actions performed on Earth. The Swargarohana Parva (book 18) of Mahabharata probably was authored during this period, where it describes about the life of the Pandavas in heaven (Swarga). It is not clear if this strong belief in heaven was due to the influence of Biblical narrations about heaven that was prevalent in the west during this period (250 BC to 250 AD) upon the people of India, probably through the Roman traders.
Created by Jijith Nadumuri at 31 Jul 2010 14:15 and updated at 01 Aug 2010 09:20